How to format your references using the Journal of Contaminant Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgan, J.V., 2008. Comment on “Determining chondritic impactor size from the marine osmium isotope record.” Science 321, 1158; author reply 1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kluwe, C., Ellington, A.D., 2010. Evolution. RNA GPS. Science 330, 330–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
James, L.C., Roversi, P., Tawfik, D.S., 2003. Antibody multispecificity mediated by conformational diversity. Science 299, 1362–1367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jo, J., Hong, S., Choi, W.Y., Lee, D.R., 2014. Cell-penetrating peptide (CPP)-conjugated proteins is an efficient tool for manipulation of human mesenchymal stromal cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 4378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cornier, J., Owen, A., Kwade, A., Van de Voorde, M., 2017. Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology: Innovation and Production. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Peng, X., Mingos, D.M.P. (Eds.), 2005. Semiconductor Nanocrystals and Silicate Nanoparticles, Structure and Bonding. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mark, D., Topley, K., Nutting, J., Olsson, F., LaMarche, J., 2015. Rotation and Adaptive Layout, in: Topley, K., Nutting, J., Olsson, F., LaMarche, J. (Eds.), Beginning IPhone Development with Swift 2: Exploring the IOS SDK. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 141–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Former NASA Engineer Plans To Plant 1 Billion Trees A Year Using Drones [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Information on the New Community of Soul City, North Carolina (No. RED-76-52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White, B.D., 2015. Implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support at the High School Level (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, T., 2010. Silly Bandz, the Bracelets That Spring Off Shelves. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgan, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kluwe and Ellington, 2010; Morgan, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kluwe and Ellington, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Jo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contaminant Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Contam. Hydrol.
ISSN (print)0169-7722
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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