How to format your references using the Journal of Contaminant Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eyler, E.E., 2011. Physics. Precision, not power. Science 333, 164–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shorter, J., Lindquist, S., 2004. Hsp104 catalyzes formation and elimination of self-replicating Sup35 prion conformers. Science 304, 1793–1797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ichimura, T., Fujiwara, K., Tanaka, H., 2014. Dual field effects in electrolyte-gated spinel ferrite: electrostatic carrier doping and redox reactions. Sci. Rep. 4, 5818.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knoll, A.H., Walter, M.R., Narbonne, G.M., Christie-Blick, N., 2004. Geology. A new period for the geologic time scale. Science 305, 621–622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory, J., 2012. Counterparty Credit Risk and Credit Value Adjustment. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Badica, C., Mangioni, G., Carchiolo, V., Burdescu, D.D. (Eds.), 2008. Intelligent Distributed Computing, Systems and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2008, Catania, Italy, 2008, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kühn, H., Karst, F., Heydeck, D., 2016. Catalytic Multiplicity of 15-Lipoxygenase-1 Orthologs (ALOX15) of Different Species, in: Steinhilber, D. (Ed.), Lipoxygenases in Inflammation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Mass Whale Grave Mystery Solved [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Activities of Washington Data Processing Center Statistical Research Service (No. B-167008). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lord, V., 2015. Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lichtblau, E., 2015. Maryland Man Accused of Tapping Money From ISIS Operatives for a U.S. Attack. New York Times A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eyler, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Eyler, 2011; Shorter and Lindquist, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shorter and Lindquist, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Knoll et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contaminant Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Contam. Hydrol.
ISSN (print)0169-7722
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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