How to format your references using the Journal of Contaminant Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chun, J., 2007. Immunology. The sources of a lipid conundrum. Science 316, 208–210.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vermeij, G.J., Roopnarine, P.D., 2008. Ecology. The coming Arctic invasion. Science 321, 780–781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambanis, N., Schulhofer-Wohl, J., Shayo, M., 2012. Social psychology. Parochialism as a central challenge in counterinsurgency. Science 336, 805–808.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mitton-Fry, R.M., Anderson, E.M., Hughes, T.R., Lundblad, V., Wuttke, D.S., 2002. Conserved structure for single-stranded telomeric DNA recognition. Science 296, 145–147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieser, K.H., 2007. Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Dréo, J., 2006. Metaheuristics for Hard Optimization: Simulated Annealing, Tabu Search, Evolutionary and Genetic Algorithms, Ant Colonies,… Methods and Case Studies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sturre, L., Chiappe, D., Vu, K.-P.L., Strybel, T.Z., 2015. Using Eye Movements to Test Assumptions of the Situation Present Assessment Method, in: Yamamoto, S. (Ed.), Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Knowledge in Context: 17th International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. How To Stop Whales Getting Entangled In Our Nets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Bigeye Bomb: An Evaluation of DOD’s Chemical and Developmental Tests (No. PEMD-86-12BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, V., 2015. A Quantitative Analysis of the Yield Curve: Forecasting the Length and End of a Recession (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gillis, J., 2017. For Third Year, the Earth in 2016 Set Heat Record. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Plutzky, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Banks, 2007; Gershon, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vermeij and Roopnarine, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gupta et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contaminant Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Contam. Hydrol.
ISSN (print)0169-7722
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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