How to format your references using the Journal of Contaminant Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Westerfeld, S., 2000. All is not lost. Nature 406, 241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwarzkopf, D.S., Rees, G., 2010. Neuroscience. Brain activity to rely on? Science 327, 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Puntes, V.F., Krishnan, K.M., Alivisatos, A.P., 2001. Colloidal nanocrystal shape and size control: the case of cobalt. Science 291, 2115–2117.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yasue, A., Mitsui, S.N., Watanabe, T., Sakuma, T., Oyadomari, S., Yamamoto, T., Noji, S., Mito, T., Tanaka, E., 2014. Highly efficient targeted mutagenesis in one-cell mouse embryos mediated by the TALEN and CRISPR/Cas systems. Sci. Rep. 4, 5705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goddard Blythe, S., 2012. Assessing Neuromotor Readiness for Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gertsbakh, I., 2014. Ternary Networks: Reliability and Monte Carlo, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Messali, Z., Soltani, F., 2008. Distributed Pre-Processed CA-CFAR Detection Structure For Non Gaussian Clutter Reduction, in: Damiani, E., Yétongnon, K., Schelkens, P., Dipanda, A., Legrand, L., Chbeir, R. (Eds.), Signal Processing for Image Enhancement and Multimedia Processing, Multimedia Systems and Applications Series. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Can Crows Be Trained To Pick Up Litter? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Status of Implementation of GAO Recommendations on Evacuation of Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations and Patients and Residents of Health Care Facilities (No. GAO-08-544R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, T., 2010. Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K., 2017. In Family’s Footsteps, Minor Takes Big Stage. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Westerfeld, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schwarzkopf and Rees, 2010; Westerfeld, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwarzkopf and Rees, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yasue et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contaminant Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Contam. Hydrol.
ISSN (print)0169-7722
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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