How to format your references using the Journal of Contaminant Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyatt, L.A., 2012. IBI* series winner. Personal plants: making botany meaningful by experimentation. Science 337, 1620–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaleeba, J.A.R., Berger, E.A., 2006. Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion-entry receptor: cystine transporter xCT. Science 311, 1921–1924.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freitas, R., Zhang, G., Cohn, M.J., 2006. Evidence that mechanisms of fin development evolved in the midline of early vertebrates. Nature 442, 1033–1037.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ip, S.C.Y., Rass, U., Blanco, M.G., Flynn, H.R., Skehel, J.M., West, S.C., 2008. Identification of Holliday junction resolvases from humans and yeast. Nature 456, 357–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narayanasamy, P., 2005. Postharvest Pathogens and Disease Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Byrnes, J., Ostheimer, G. (Eds.), 2006. Advances in Sensing with Security Applications, NATO Security Through Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
de Asis, E.D., Li, Y., Austin, A.J., Leung, J., Nguyen, C.V., 2010. Carbon Nanotube Atomic Force Microscopy with Applications to Biology and Electronics, in: Bhushan, B. (Ed.), Scanning Probe Microscopy in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, NanoScience and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 129–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contaminant Hydrology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. New Planetary System Discovered Just 54 Light-Years Away [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. IRS Management: Business and Systems Modernization Pose Challenges (No. T-GGD/AIMD-99-138). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grether, S., 2012. All You Need is Love? An Examination of Interracial Divorce (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R., 2017. During Rikers Upheaval, the ‘Prettiest Village in Maine’ Beckoned. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyatt, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hyatt, 2012; Kaleeba and Berger, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaleeba and Berger, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ip et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contaminant Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Contam. Hydrol.
ISSN (print)0169-7722
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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