How to format your references using the ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundstrom CC: Rapid diffusive infiltration of sodium into partially molten peridotite. Nature 2000;403:527–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet EG, Chappellaz J: Atmospheric science. Shifting gear, quickly. Science 2009;324:477–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho Y, Lee JB, Hong J: Controlled release of an anti-cancer drug from DNA structured nano-films. Sci Rep 2014;4:4078.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang L, Mancuso M, Lu Z, Akar G, Cesarman E, Erickson D: Solar thermal polymerase chain reaction for smartphone-assisted molecular diagnostics. Sci Rep 2014;4:4137.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dixon CS: Protestants. Oxford, UK, wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Wilson TL: Tools of Radio Astronomy. 6th ed. 2013. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Goddard J, Goddard M: The Elbow. In: Common Musculoskeletal Problems: A Handbook (Daniels J, Hoffman MR, eds.), pp. 25–31. New York, NY, Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies.

Blog post
Hale T: A Dolphin Pod Put On Quite A Show In This Stunning Footage. IFLScience 2017. Available at: Last accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Surface Transportation: Availability of Intercity Bus Service Continues to Decline. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adler AD: Change in Automatic and Strategic Cognition: An Examination of Cognitive Therapy for Depression. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Harris G, Kanter J: Pence Assures Europe of American Support. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
ISSN (print)1540-658X
ISSN (online)1557-8127

Other styles