How to format your references using the ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leary RH: Energy landscapes. Flirting with catastrophe. Science 2001;293:2013–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ong NP, Cava RJ: Physics. Electronic frustration on a triangular lattice. Science 2004;305:52–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Philips JA, Rubin EJ, Perrimon N: Drosophila RNAi screen reveals CD36 family member required for mycobacterial infection. Science 2005;309:1251–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Colosimo PF, Hosemann KE, Balabhadra S, et al.: Widespread parallel evolution in sticklebacks by repeated fixation of Ectodysplasin alleles. Science 2005;307:1928–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson PW, Prasher VP, Janicki MP: Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process. Oxford, UK, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
Damon J: Local Features in Natural Images via Singularity Theory. vol. 2165. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Khoshnevisan D, Schilling R: On the Markov Property. In: From Lévy-Type Processes to Parabolic SPDEs (Schilling R, Utzet F, Quer-Sardanyons L, eds.), pp. 27–33. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies.

Blog post
Hale T: Scientists Discover New Type Of Whirling Blue Fire. IFLScience 2016. Available at: Last accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Contemplated Legislation To Provide Telecommunications for the Deaf. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sahebjame M: Marriage: An authentic Iranian experience of the modern. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L: Two Students Honored for Scientific Projects. New York Times 2005:14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
ISSN (print)1540-658X
ISSN (online)1557-8127

Other styles