How to format your references using the ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dantzer B: Ecology. Mothers shape ecological communities. Science 2015;347:822–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wright SI, Barrett SCH: Evolution. The long-term benefits of self-rejection. Science 2010;330:459–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Truog RD, Kesselheim AS, Joffe S: Research ethics. Paying patients for their tissue: the legacy of Henrietta Lacks. Science 2012;337:37–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park AW, Daly JM, Lewis NS, Smith DJ, Wood JLN, Grenfell BT: Quantifying the impact of immune escape on transmission dynamics of influenza. Science 2009;326:726–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Altman MC: Kant and Applied Ethics. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Sobh T, editor: Advances in Computer and Information Sciences and Engineering. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Capezuti EA, Ursomanno P, Boltz M, Kim H: Geriatric Models of Care. In: Cardiothoracic Surgery in the Elderly: Evidence-Based Practice (Katlic MR, ed.), pp. 43–56. New York, NY, Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies.

Blog post
Fang J: Cranes Are Reluctant To Fly In The Fog. IFLScience 2015. Available at: Last accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Attack Warning: ADP and Communication Modernization Programs for Warning and Assessment. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotterback D: Parent Partner Program and Organization (3P-O) parents mentoring parents in child welfare: A grant-writing project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel E: Murdoch Son’s Rebuke of Trump May Signal a Shift. New York Times 2017:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
ISSN (print)1540-658X
ISSN (online)1557-8127

Other styles