How to format your references using the ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paz JP: Computer science. Randomness in quantum computation. Science 2003;302:2076–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Daubin V, Moran NA: Comment on “The origins of genome complexity.” Science 2004;306:978; author reply 978.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs R, Lin Z, Shi J: Ferroelectric-like SrTiO3 surface dipoles probed by graphene. Sci Rep 2014;4:3657.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu M-X, Cao S-S, Du Y-Z, Liu Z-X, Liu P, Li J: Diapause, signal and molecular characteristics of overwintering Chilo suppressalis (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Sci Rep 2013;3:3211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lenk R, Lenk C: Practical Lighting Design With LEDs. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Cohen A, Porath M, Clarke A, Bai H, Leggo C, Meyer K, editors: Speaking of Teaching…: Inclinations, Inspirations, and Innerworkings. Rotterdam, SensePublishers, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Bitner-Gregersen EM, Eide LI, Hørte T, Skjong R: Potential Impact of Climate Change on Design of Ship and Offshore Structures. In: Ship and Offshore Structure Design in Climate Change Perspective (Eide LI, Hørte T, Skjong R, eds.), pp. 43–52. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies.

Blog post
Andrew E: Doomed Russian Spacecraft Will Re-Enter Earth’s Atmosphere On May 8th. IFLScience 2015. Available at: Last accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: F/A-18E/F Aircraft Production Decision Should Be Postponed. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy AC: Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Justices Hear Case on Right To Choose Defense Counsel. New York Times 2006:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
ISSN (print)1540-658X
ISSN (online)1557-8127

Other styles