How to format your references using the ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P: Culture: Artistic alchemy. Nature 2014;512:26–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yewdell JW, Ince WL: Virology. Frameshifting to PA-X influenza. Science 2012;337:164–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naeem S, Hahn DR, Schuurman G: Producer-decomposer co-dependency influences biodiversity effects. Nature 2000;403:762–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Jerga A, Schottel BL: Guest transport in a nonporous organic solid via dynamic van der Waals cooperativity. Science 2002;298:1000–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelton T: Business Models for the Social Mobile Cloud. Hoboken, New Jersey, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Shekhar R, Wesarg S, González Ballester MÁ, et al., editors: Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings. vol. 9958. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Chau M, Sriskandha SE, Thérien-Aubin H, Kumacheva E: Supramolecular Nanofibrillar Polymer Hydrogels. In: Supramolecular Polymer Networks and Gels (Seiffert S, ed.), pp. 167–208. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies.

Blog post
Andrew D: How Claw Machines Are Rigged. IFLScience 2015. Available at: Last accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Training: Continued Improvements Needed in FAA’s Controller Field Training Program. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman S: Numerical investigations of a pipe jet with coil insert issuing into a crossflow. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E: Real Life Story: Tale of a Shipwreck and the Actor Who Lived to Tell About It. New York Times 1998:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleASSAY and Drug Development Technologies
ISSN (print)1540-658X
ISSN (online)1557-8127

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