How to format your references using the Arthroscopy Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroscopy Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Treutlein P. Physics. A single spin feels the vibrations. Science. 2012;335(6076):1584-1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Caputo JM, Collins SH. Prosthetic ankle push-off work reduces metabolic rate but not collision work in non-amputee walking. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7213.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Robinson CV, Sali A, Baumeister W. The molecular sociology of the cell. Nature. 2007;450(7172):973-982.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Suh B-C, Inoue T, Meyer T, Hille B. Rapid chemically induced changes of PtdIns(4,5)P2 gate KCNQ ion channels. Science. 2006;314(5804):1454-1457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Anjum B, Perros H. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Kole C, Michler CH, Abbott AG, Hall TC, eds. Transgenic Crop Plants. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Martens PN, Mistry M, Ruhrberg M. Prospects for a Sustainable Aluminum Industry. In: Gleich A von, Ayres RU, Gößling-Reisemann S, eds. Sustainable Metals Management: Securing Our Future - Steps Towards a Closed Loop Economy. Eco-Efficiency in Industry and Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006:97-111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroscopy Techniques.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Watch The European Space Agency Land A Spacecraft On A Comet. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/rosetta-s-philae-prepares-land-comet-67pchuryumov-gerasimenko/. Published November 7, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Protest Against Rejection of Bid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Seger JL. The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. After 30 Years, Supreme Court History Project Turns a Final Page. New York Times. December 30, 2006:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroscopy Techniques
AbbreviationArthrosc. Tech.
ISSN (print)2212-6287
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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