How to format your references using the Arthroscopy Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroscopy Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Emlen DJ. Costs and the diversification of exaggerated animal structures. Science. 2001;291(5508):1534-1536.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kramer EM, Donohue K. Evolution. Traversing the adaptive landscape in snapdragons. Science. 2006;313(5789):924-925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shah AK, Mullainathan S, Shafir E. Some consequences of having too little. Science. 2012;338(6107):682-685.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carter SG, Birkedal V, Wang CS, et al. Quantum coherence in an optical modulator. Science. 2005;310(5748):651-653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homer S, Leibowitz ML. Inside the Yield Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Finn A. Developments and Challenges for Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles: A Compendium. Vol 3. (Scheding S, ed.). Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Olson JC, White P, Sparrow L. Influence of Lesson Study on Teachers’ Mathematics Pedagogy. In: Hart LC, Alston AS, Murata A, eds. Lesson Study Research and Practice in Mathematics Education: Learning Together. Springer Netherlands; 2011:39-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroscopy Techniques.

Blog post
Andrew E. Sinai Plane Crash: The Five Most Common Reasons For Airliner Disasters. IFLScience. Published November 3, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Contracting: Disadvantaged Business Eligibility Guidance and Oversight Are Ineffective. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanoua KP. Langue et Identité Dans Les Milieux Populaires Québécois et Antillais. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. A World of Ways To Get That Grilled Taste. New York Times. November 15, 2009:NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroscopy Techniques
AbbreviationArthrosc. Tech.
ISSN (print)2212-6287
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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