How to format your references using the Arthroscopy Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arthroscopy Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke RA Jr. Meteorology: are there trends in hurricane destruction? Nature. 2005;438(7071):E11; discussion E13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawatani Y, Hamilton K. Weakened stratospheric quasibiennial oscillation driven by increased tropical mean upwelling. Nature. 2013;497(7450):478-481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang TT, Parides MK, Palese P. Seroevidence for H5N1 influenza infections in humans: meta-analysis. Science. 2012;335(6075):1463.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rumyantsev V, Fedorov S, Gumennyk K, Sychanova M, Kavokin A. Exciton-like electromagnetic excitations in non-ideal microcavity supercrystals. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6945.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim D. Microcontroller Based Applied Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Sun L. Guide to Voice and Video over IP: For Fixed and Mobile Networks. (Mkwawa I-H, Jammeh E, Ifeachor E, eds.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt WG, Rauls E, Gerstmann U, et al. Copper Substrate Catalyzes Tetraazaperopyrene Polymerization. In: Nagel WE, Kröner DB, Resch MM, eds. High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’11: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2011. Springer; 2012:47-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arthroscopy Techniques.

Blog post
Luntz S. The Chemistry of Fireworks. IFLScience. Published June 30, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Youth Training. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kress DM. A phenomenological study exploring executive coaching: Understanding perceptions of self-awareness and leadership behavior changes. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Coach’s Mistake, a Teaching Moment. New York Times. May 5, 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArthroscopy Techniques
AbbreviationArthrosc. Tech.
ISSN (print)2212-6287
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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