How to format your references using the Dynamical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atwood HL. Neuroscience. Gatekeeper at the synapse. Science. 2006;312:1008–1009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale JE, Earle PS. Fine-scale heterogeneity in the Earth’s inner core. Nature. 2000;404:273–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amorisco NC, Evans NW, van de Ven G. The remnant of a merger between two dwarf galaxies in Andromeda II. Nature. 2014;507:335–337.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ji S, Shi T, Qiu X, et al. A route to phase controllable Cu2ZnSn(S(1-x)Se(x))4 nanocrystals with tunable energy bands. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M. Handbook of Heterogenous Kinetics. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Dai H, Liu JNK, Smirnov E, editors. Reliable Knowledge Discovery. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Väätäjä H, Sirkkunen E, Ahvenainen M. A Field Trial on Mobile Crowdsourcing of News Content Factors Influencing Participation. In: Kotzé P, Marsden G, Lindgaard G, et al., editors. Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2013: 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 54–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamical Systems.

Blog post
Evans K. You’re Not Lazy, You Have A High IQ, Study Suggests [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education of Homeless Students: Improved Program Oversight Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014. Report No.: GAO-14-465. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan A. The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Students, Cities and States Take the Global Warming Fight to Court. New York Times. 2017 Aug 10;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamical Systems
AbbreviationDyn. Syst. Appl.
ISSN (print)1468-9367
ISSN (online)1468-9375
ScopeComputer Science Applications
General Mathematics

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