How to format your references using the Dynamical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dekker J. Gene regulation in the third dimension. Science. 2008;319:1793–1794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sankar P, Cho MK. Genetics. Toward a new vocabulary of human genetic variation. Science. 2002;298:1337–1338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wittlinger M, Wehner R, Wolf H. The ant odometer: stepping on stilts and stumps. Science. 2006;312:1965–1967.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gaskell G, Einsiedel E, Hallman W, et al. Communication. Social values and the governance of science. Science. 2005;310:1908–1909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti P. Baustatik. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2014.
An edited book
Gheorghe AV, Masera M, Katina PF, editors. Infranomics: Sustainability, Engineering Design and Governance. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lőw P, Molnár K, Kriska G. Dissection of a Snail (Helix pomatia). In: Molnár K, Kriska G, editors. Atlas of Animal Anatomy and Histology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 49–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamical Systems.

Blog post
Davis J. Wolves Hunt Less When Living Alongside Bears [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. St. Louis Postal Data Center’s Administration of Accounts Payable. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970. Report No.: 092751. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers S. Teacher Induction Programs: How Key Components Influence Teacher Retention Rates in Rural School Districts [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. The Sailors Of Winter: In the Cold, Cold Sea. New York Times. 1999 Mar 7;812.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamical Systems
AbbreviationDyn. Syst. Appl.
ISSN (print)1468-9367
ISSN (online)1468-9375
ScopeComputer Science Applications
General Mathematics

Other styles