How to format your references using the Measurement Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCune J M 2001 The dynamics of CD4+ T-cell depletion in HIV disease Nature 410 974–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutvágner G and Zamore P D 2002 A microRNA in a multiple-turnover RNAi enzyme complex Science 297 2056–60
A journal article with 3 authors
Lieberman E, Hauert C and Nowak M A 2005 Evolutionary dynamics on graphs Nature 433 312–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rahmani Y, Koopman R, Denisov D and Schall P 2013 Probing incipient plasticity by indenting colloidal glasses Sci. Rep. 3 1064

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk M 2013 High-Frequency Magnetic Components (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Lehavi A 2016 Private Communities and Urban Governance: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Jurdziński T 2008 Leftist Grammars Are Non-primitive Recursive Automata, Languages and Programming: 35th International Colloquium, ICALP 2008, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 7-11, 2008, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed L Aceto, I Damgård, L A Goldberg, M M Halldórsson, A Ingólfsdóttir and I Walukiewicz (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 51–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement Science and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S 2016 Chimpanzee Cooperation Looks A Lot Like Ours IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1991 Space Shuttle: NASA Faces Challenges in Its Attempt to Achieve Planned Flight Rates (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang X 2012 Electroweak interactions and the delta resonance in a chiral effective field theory for nuclei Doctoral dissertation (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R 2015 A Smelly Visit to the City’s Sewer System Ends With 3 Men Under Arrest New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement Science and Technology
AbbreviationMeas. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0957-0233
ISSN (online)1361-6501
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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