How to format your references using the Measurement Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz L 2012 Vector control: The last bite Nature 484 S26-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen T M and Cullis P R 2004 Drug delivery systems: entering the mainstream Science 303 1818–22
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang S, Lee C-T A and Yin Q-Z 2014 Missing lead and high 3He/4He in ancient sulfides associated with continental crust formation Sci. Rep. 4 5314
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Maksymovych P, Jesse S, Yu P, Ramesh R, Baddorf A P and Kalinin S V 2009 Polarization control of electron tunneling into ferroelectric surfaces Science 324 1421–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bajpai P 2010 Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Negro R W D and Goldberg A I 2006 Ossigenoterapia domiciliare a lungo termine in Italia: Il valore aggiunto della telemedicina (Milano: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Laviola B G, Alves A A, Rocha R B and Drumond M A 2012 The Importance of Jatropha for Brazil Jatropha, Challenges for a New Energy Crop: Volume 1: Farming, Economics and Biofuel ed N Carels, M Sujatha and B Bahadur (New York, NY: Springer) pp 71–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale T 2017 Controversial Study Wants To Resurrect Brain-Dead People IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Unmanned Aerial Systems: Status of Test Sites and International Developments (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maffia R 2014 Image matters: Then and now in televisions’ depiction of African Americans Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J 2017 Political Bite Gives Colbert Ratings Edge Over Fallon New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement Science and Technology
AbbreviationMeas. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0957-0233
ISSN (online)1361-6501
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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