How to format your references using the Measurement Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wootton J T 2005 Field parameterization and experimental test of the neutral theory of biodiversity Nature 433 309–12
A journal article with 2 authors
Möller K and Bein T 2011 Chemistry. Pores within pores--how to craft ordered hierarchical zeolites Science 333 297–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Froese T, Iizuka H and Ikegami T 2014 Embodied social interaction constitutes social cognition in pairs of humans: a minimalist virtual reality experiment Sci. Rep. 4 3672
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kominis I K, Kornack T W, Allred J C and Romalis M V 2003 A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer Nature 422 596–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee 2005 Continuous Direct-Heat Rotary Dryers (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Liu W, Li Q and W.H. Lau R 2006 Advances in Web Based Learning – ICWL 2006: 5th International Conference, Penang, Malaysia, July 19-21, 2006. Revised Papers vol 4181 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Hippler R K, Klopfer D S, Leventhal L M, Poor G M, Klein B A and Jaffee S D 2011 More than Speed? An Empirical Study of Touchscreens and Body Awareness on an Object Manipulation Task Human-Computer Interaction. Interaction Techniques and Environments: 14th International Conference, HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed J A Jacko (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 33–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Paralysed Patient Makes Natural Movements Using Robotics And The Power Of Thought IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 Space Station: Update on the Impact of the Expanded Russian Role (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schellhous W T 2017 Factors and Interactions Contributing to the Risk of Fire following Earthquake for Urban Southern California Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G 2010 U.S. Shares the Blame for Feeling Cheated New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement Science and Technology
AbbreviationMeas. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0957-0233
ISSN (online)1361-6501
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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