How to format your references using the Measurement Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scholz B C 2002 Innateness Nature 415 739
A journal article with 2 authors
Rambold A S and Lippincott-Schwartz J 2011 Cell biology. SevERing mitochondria Science 334 186–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Mariani F V, Ahn C P and Martin G R 2008 Genetic evidence that FGFs have an instructive role in limb proximal-distal patterning Nature 453 401–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Mahboob I, Mounaix M, Nishiguchi K, Fujiwara A and Yamaguchi H 2014 A multimode electromechanical parametric resonator array Sci. Rep. 4 4448

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hull B 2010 Manufacturing Best Practices (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Minker W 2009 Incorporating Knowledge Sources into Statistical Speech Recognition vol 42, ed S Nakamura, K Markov and S Sakti (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Goldspink C 2014 Social Norms from the Perspective of Embodied Cognition The Complexity of Social Norms ed M Xenitidou and B Edmonds (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 55–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 New Study Finds Marijuana Safer Than Alcohol Or Tobacco IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 FCC: Reconsideration of the Rules and Policies for the 220-222 MHz Radio Service (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meissner R 2009 Analyzing inpatient hospital costs by payer: What do they mean for the future of health care in America? Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines G G 2016 Darwyn Cooke, Artist With a Retro Approach to Comics, Dies at 53 New York Times B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement Science and Technology
AbbreviationMeas. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0957-0233
ISSN (online)1361-6501
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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