How to format your references using the Measurement Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huntress W T Jr 2003 Planetary science. Human space exploration is about more than just science Science 301 771
A journal article with 2 authors
Chakraborty A and Bandyopadhyay S 2013 FOGSAA: Fast Optimal Global Sequence Alignment Algorithm Sci. Rep. 3 1746
A journal article with 3 authors
Goscé L, Barton D A W and Johansson A 2014 Analytical modelling of the spread of disease in confined and crowded spaces Sci. Rep. 4 4856
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kato Y, Myers R C, Driscoll D C, Gossard A C, Levy J and Awschalom D D 2003 Gigahertz electron spin manipulation using voltage-controlled g-tensor modulation Science 299 1201–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Malley C 2014 Bonds Without Borders (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Chattopadhyay S 2011 Electric Power Quality ed M Mitra and S Sengupta (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Román J A, Rodríguez S and de la Prieta F 2016 Improving the Distribution of Services in MAS Highlights of Practical Applications of Scalable Multi-Agent Systems. The PAAMS Collection: International Workshops of PAAMS 2016, Sevilla, Spain, June 1-3, 2016. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science ed J Bajo, M J Escalona, S Giroux, P Hoffa-Dąbrowska, V Julián, P Novais, N Sánchez-Pi, R Unland and R Azambuja-Silveira (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 37–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale T 2015 Eye Movement-Controlled Robot Paints Masterpieces... Kind Of IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Drug-Impaired Driving: Additional Support Needed for Public Awareness Initiatives (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurtz W A 2017 Under the Balaclava: A Case Study Examining Habits Within the Identity of Elite Counterterrorists Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2009 Putin’s Party Wins in Regional Elections Across Russia New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement Science and Technology
AbbreviationMeas. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0957-0233
ISSN (online)1361-6501
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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