How to format your references using the Measurement Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Measurement Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lellouch E 2006 Planetary science. Titan’s zoo of clouds Science 311 186–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Eisch A J and Petrik D 2012 Depression and hippocampal neurogenesis: a road to remission? Science 338 72–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao M-H, Chen X-P and Wang Q 2014 Wetting failure of hydrophilic surfaces promoted by surface roughness Sci. Rep. 4 5376
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Panáková D, Sprong H, Marois E, Thiele C and Eaton S 2005 Lipoprotein particles are required for Hedgehog and Wingless signalling Nature 435 58–65

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warren A E A, Lerner R M and Phelps E 2011 Thriving and Spirituality Among Youth (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Leeuwe M A van, Stefels J, Belviso S, Lancelot C, Verity P G and Gieskes W W C 2007 Phaeocystis, major link in the biogeochemical cycling of climate-relevant elements (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Gor’kov L P 2008 Theory of Superconducting Alloys Superconductivity: Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors ed K H Bennemann and J B Ketterson (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 201–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Measurement Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Better Hurricane Observation Techniques Over The Decades Make Big Storms Less Deadly IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1988 Space Shuttle: Changes to the Solid Rocket Motor Contract (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Demenkoff J H 2014 Evolution and emergence of the masculinities: Epiphanies and epiphenomena of the male athlete and dancer Doctoral dissertation (Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson D J and Eligon J 2016 Rams’ Departure Is Another Blow to St. Louis Area, and a Chance to Shift Priorities New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeasurement Science and Technology
AbbreviationMeas. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0957-0233
ISSN (online)1361-6501
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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