How to format your references using the Biochemical Society Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Society Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Belnap, J. (2013) Microbiology. Some like it hot, some not. Science 340, 1533–1534
A journal article with 2 authors
Bridson, R. and Batty, C. (2010) Computer science. Computational physics in film. Science 330, 1756–1757
A journal article with 3 authors
Berner, R.A., Vandenbrooks, J.M. and Ward, P.D. (2007) Evolution. Oxygen and evolution. Science 316, 557–558
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Voznesenskaya, E.V., Franceschi, V.R., Kiirats, O., Freitag, H. and Edwards, G.E. (2001) Kranz anatomy is not essential for terrestrial C4 plant photosynthesis. Nature 414, 543–546

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pérez Fontán, F. and Mariño Espiñeira, P. (2008) Modeling the Wireless Propagation Channel. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Tangpricha, V., editor (2016) Vitamin D: A Clinical Casebook. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, T.H., Fuller, B.W., Bannick, J.H., Rossey, L.M. and Cunningham, R.K. (2008) Integrated Environment Management for Information Operations Testbeds. In: Goodall, J.R., Conti, G. and Ma, K.-L., editorsVizSEC 2007: Proceedings of the Workshop on Visualization for Computer Security. . Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. . p. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Society Transactions.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Dr. Oz Admits ‘Miracle’ Diet Products He Advocates Are Pseudoscience. IFLScience.‘miracle’-diet-products-he-advocates-are-pseudoscience/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Highlights of a GAO Forum: The Federal Government’s Role in Improving Financial Literacy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salam, S. (2017) Interplay between Fines Content and Strength Characteristics of CA 6 and CA 2 Crushed Limestone Aggregate

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. (2016) How Free Electricity Helped Dig $9 Billion Hole in Puerto Rico. New York Times. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Society Transactions
AbbreviationBiochem. Soc. Trans.
ISSN (print)0300-5127
ISSN (online)1470-8752

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