How to format your references using the Biochemical Society Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Society Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eldakar OT. (2009) Journal club. An evolutionary biologist learns how to be remembered: cheat someone. Nature. 460, 783.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suter DM, Schibler U. (2009) Physiology. Feeding the clock. Science. 326, 378–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deitsch KW, Calderwood MS, Wellems TE. (2001) Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes. Nature. 412, 875–876.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Farsalinos KE, Spyrou A, Tsimopoulou K, Stefopoulos C, Romagna G, Voudris V. (2014) Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between first and new-generation devices. Sci. Rep. 4, 4133.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2000) Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
Qin Y, editor. (2016) Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Carlsson C, Fullér R. (2011) OWA Operators in Multiple Criteria Decisions. In: Fullér R, editor. Possibility for Decision: A Possibilistic Approach to Real Life Decisions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 77–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Society Transactions.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015) Mediterranean Diet May Slow Down Age-Associated Cognitive Decline [Internet]. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988) Tactical Airlift: Observations Concerning the Air Force’s C-27 Proposal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin JH. (2015) Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J. (2016) ‘You Need to Change’: A Grandmother’s Words Help Turn a Life Around. New York Times. , A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Society Transactions
AbbreviationBiochem. Soc. Trans.
ISSN (print)0300-5127
ISSN (online)1470-8752

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