How to format your references using the Biochemical Society Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Society Transactions (Biochem Soc Trans). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claussen E. (2004) Climate policy. An effective approach to climate change. Science. 306, 816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madix RJ, Friend CM. (2011) Interfacial chemistry: gold’s enigmatic surface. Nature. 479, 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kao MH, Doupe AJ, Brainard MS. (2005) Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song. Nature. 433, 638–643.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wilson RW, Millero FJ, Taylor JR, Walsh PJ, Christensen V, Jennings S, et al. (2009) Contribution of fish to the marine inorganic carbon cycle. Science. 323, 359–362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olofsson P. (2014) Probabilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Ballmann W, Blohmann C, Faltings G, Teichner P, Zagier D, editors. (2016) Arbeitstagung Bonn 2013: In Memory of Friedrich Hirzebruch. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Embree L. (2014) The Interpretationism of Alfred Schutz or How Woodcutting Can Have Referential and Non-referential Meaning. In: Staudigl M, Berguno G, editors. Schutzian Phenomenology and Hermeneutic Traditions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 69–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Society Transactions.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2016) Why You Should Never Put A Goldfish In A Park Pond … Or Down The Toilet [Internet]. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983) Better Use of Information Technology Can Reduce the Burden of Federal Paperwork. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vatankhah I. (2017) Purification of Industrial Grade Urea for diesel exhaust pollution reduction.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly F. (1984) ETHNIC ORAL HISTORY BECOMING BOOKLETS. New York Times. , 11NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Society Transactions
AbbreviationBiochem. Soc. Trans.
ISSN (print)0300-5127
ISSN (online)1470-8752

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