How to format your references using the Biochemical Society Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Society Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkins K. (2014) For the love of ferns. Science. 346, 1586.
A journal article with 2 authors
Youk H, Lim WA. (2014) Secreting and sensing the same molecule allows cells to achieve versatile social behaviors. Science. 343, 1242782.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKinney JC, Tchekhovskoy A, Blandford RD. (2013) Alignment of magnetized accretion disks and relativistic jets with spinning black holes. Science. 339, 49–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Arcizet O, Cohadon P-F, Briant T, Pinard M, Heidmann A. (2006) Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror. Nature. 444, 71–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aksamija A. (2016) Integrating Innovation in Architecture. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Gladwell GML, Huyghe JM, Raats PAC, Cowin SC, editors. (2005) IUTAM Symposium on Physicochemical and Electromechanical Interactions in Porous Media. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Yeldan AE. (2016) Great Recession and Beyond: Revisiting the Pillars of Economic Thought. In: Stiglitz JE, Guzman M, editors. Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomics: Lessons from The Crisis and Beyond. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 34–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Society Transactions.

Blog post
Andrews R. (2017) The US Government Share Of Science Funding Hits Record Low [Internet]. IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004) Student Mentoring Programs: Education’s Monitoring and Information Sharing Could Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuqi K. (2013) A matrix-Based Method for Optimizing the User Interface Design of Electronic Medical Record Systems.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Corkery M. (2015) Senate Panel Seeks More Details About Puerto Rico’s Debt and Long-Term Needs. New York Times. , B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Society Transactions
AbbreviationBiochem. Soc. Trans.
ISSN (print)0300-5127
ISSN (online)1470-8752

Other styles