How to format your references using the Frontiers in Perception Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Perception Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford-Smith, M. (2014). UN sustainability goals need quantified targets. Nature 513, 281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, C. R., and Girguis, P. (2007). Microbiology. A proteomic snapshot of life at a vent. Science 315, 198–199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thompson, J. K., Rainville, S., and Pritchard, D. E. (2004). Cyclotron frequency shifts arising from polarization forces. Nature 430, 58–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schoch, S., Castillo, P. E., Jo, T., Mukherjee, K., Geppert, M., Wang, Y., et al. (2002). RIM1alpha forms a protein scaffold for regulating neurotransmitter release at the active zone. Nature 415, 321–326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
d’Andria, A., and Gabarret, I. (2017). Building 21st Century Entrepreneurship. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bhagat, A. (2016). Foods of Non-Animal Origin: Chemistry, Technology, Inspection Procedures. 1st ed. 2016. , eds. G. Caruso, M. Micali, and S. Parisi Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khoshnevisan, D., and Schilling, R. (2016). “A Digression: Semigroups,” in From Lévy-Type Processes to Parabolic SPDEs Advanced Courses in Mathematics - CRM Barcelona., eds. R. Schilling, F. Utzet, and L. Quer-Sardanyons (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Perception Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Watch the First Flight of NASA’s Flying Saucer. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Federal Communications Commission: Competitive Bidding Procedures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reser, G. (2012). Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Recovering The Kursk. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford-Smith, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher and Girguis, 2007; Stafford-Smith, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fisher and Girguis, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Schoch et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Perception Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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