How to format your references using the Frontiers in Perception Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Perception Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pääbo, S. (2003). The mosaic that is our genome. Nature 421, 409–412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drenkard, E., and Ausubel, F. M. (2002). Pseudomonas biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance are linked to phenotypic variation. Nature 416, 740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyers, M. A., McKittrick, J., and Chen, P.-Y. (2013). Structural biological materials: critical mechanics-materials connections. Science 339, 773–779.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Karoly, D. J., Braganza, K., Stott, P. A., Arblaster, J. M., Meehl, G. A., Broccoli, A. J., et al. (2003). Detection of a human influence on North American climate. Science 302, 1200–1203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, W. (2012). Do Species Exist?. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Coventry, B. J. ed. (2014). Breast, Endocrine and Surgical Oncology. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Perez-Ruiz, F., and Herrero-Beites, A. M. (2014). “Prevention and Treatment of Inflammation in Gout,” in Managing Gout in Primary Care, ed. A. M. Herrero-Beites (Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.), 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Perception Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). What Caused These Bizarre “Swirls” On The Moon? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Social Security Numbers: Internet Resellers Provide Few Full SSNs, but Congress Should Consider Enacting Standards for Truncating SSNs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altassan, M. A. (2017). Employee Training to Increase Efficiency in the Saudi Private Sector.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Injuries Gain Attention As Football Feels Pain. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pääbo, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Drenkard and Ausubel, 2002; Pääbo, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drenkard and Ausubel, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Karoly et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Perception Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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