How to format your references using the Frontiers in Perception Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Perception Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neelakantan, S. (2013). Psychology: Mind over myocardium. Nature 493, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollan, B., and Ostrom, E. (2010). Social science. Cooperation and the commons. Science 330, 923–924.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, P., Gioia, G., and Kieffer, S. W. (2009). Volcanic mesocyclones. Nature 458, 497–500.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bennie, J., Davies, T. W., Duffy, J. P., Inger, R., and Gaston, K. J. (2014). Contrasting trends in light pollution across Europe based on satellite observed night time lights. Sci. Rep. 4, 3789.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox, H. C., Higgins, M. C., and Owens, D. K. (2013). Medical Decision Making. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rothman, J. ed. (2012). From Identity-Based Conflict to Identity-Based Cooperation: The ARIA Approach in Theory and Practice. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ball, M. (2016). “The ‘Prison of Love’ and Its Queer Discontents: On the Value of Paranoid and Reparative Readings in Queer Criminological Scholarship,” in Queering Criminology, eds. A. Dwyer, M. Ball, and T. Crofts (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 54–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Perception Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Facebook Announces Its Internet-Broadcasting Drone. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Stafford Student Loans: Millions of Dollars in Loans Awarded to Ineligible Borrowers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, E. A. (2009). Missouri elementary teacher certification programs and the education provided on how boys and girls learn differently.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. (2016). Paul’s Casablanca. New York Times, D9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neelakantan, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Vollan and Ostrom, 2010; Neelakantan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vollan and Ostrom, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Bennie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Perception Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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