How to format your references using the Frontiers in Perception Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Perception Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman, N. C. (2003). DNA in a material world. Nature 421, 427–431.
A journal article with 2 authors
DiNardo, S., and Braun, R. E. (2007). Developmental biology. Home for the precious few. Science 317, 1696–1697.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood, R. A., Grotzinger, J. P., and Dickson, J. A. D. (2002). Proterozoic modular biomineralized metazoan from the Nama Group, Namibia. Science 296, 2383–2386.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thompson, J. K., Simon, J., Loh, H., and Vuletic, V. (2006). A high-brightness source of narrowband, identical-photon pairs. Science 313, 74–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger, W. R. (2005). Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hiedanpää, J. (2016). Environmental Heresies: The Quest for Reasonable. , ed. D. W. Bromley London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, H. (2014). “Pathogenetic and Pathological Mechanism,” in Radiology of HIV/AIDS: A Practical Approach, ed. H. Li (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 31–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Perception Science.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Avian Malaria Wipes Out UK Zoo’s Entire Colony Of Penguins. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Job Corps: High Costs and Mixed Results Raise Questions About Program’s Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, V. M. (2014). A phenomenological study factors African American female college students face participating in engineering STEM majors.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017). August Wilson Has a Biographer. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Seeman, 2003; DiNardo and Braun, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DiNardo and Braun, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Perception Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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