How to format your references using the Frontiers in Perception Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Perception Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, J. (2009). Paleontology. Becoming T. rex. Science 326, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Žutić, I., and Lee, J. (2012). Applied physics. Spin twists in a transistor. Science 337, 307–308.
A journal article with 3 authors
Belmonte, A., Di Clemente, R., and Buldyrev, S. V. (2014). The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus. Sci. Rep. 4, 5301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Masumoto, H., Muramatsu, S., Kamimura, Y., and Araki, H. (2002). S-Cdk-dependent phosphorylation of Sld2 essential for chromosomal DNA replication in budding yeast. Nature 415, 651–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkateshan, S. P. (2015). Mechanical Measurements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Weaver, J. L. (2012). Pro JavaFX 2: A Definitive Guide to Rich Clients with Java Technology. , eds. W. Gao, S. Chin, D. Iverson, and J. Vos Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, H., Mei, T., Li, H., and Luo, J. (2015). “Vision-Based Fine-Grained Location Estimation,” in Multimodal Location Estimation of Videos and Images, eds. J. Choi and G. Friedland (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Perception Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Imposter Nanosponges Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Infection. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Information Technology: Benefits Realized for Selected Health Care Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, B. R. (2012). Schizophrenia-spectrum behavior and peer responses to individuals with social anhedonia.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). Is It a Fight Over Fast Food Or the People Who Eat It? New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Clark, 2009; Žutić and Lee, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Žutić and Lee, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Masumoto et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Perception Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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