How to format your references using the Journal of Fish Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fish Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman, M. (2004). Physics. Have cuprates earned their stripes? Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1985–1986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Youngs, H., & Somerville, C. (2014). Plant science. Best practices for biofuels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1095–1096.
A journal article with 3 authors
Della Negra, M., Jenni, P., & Virdee, T. S. (2012). Journey in the search for the Higgs boson: the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6114), 1560–1568.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, D., Zhu, Y., Wang, H., & Ding, Y. (2013). Nanoporous gold as an active low temperature catalyst toward CO oxidation in hydrogen-rich stream. Scientific Reports, 3, 3015.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beach, G. J. (2013). The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, L. (2014). Attachment Transmission in Wireless Networks (K. Wu & M. Hamdi, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Benjamin, R. A. (2015). The Challenge of Galactic Cartography: Lessons from the Milky Way. In K. Freeman, B. Elmegreen, D. Block, & M. Woolway (Eds.), Lessons from the Local Group: A Conference in honour of David Block and Bruce Elmegreen (pp. 53–62). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fish Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 11). Would We Want To Regenerate Brains Of Patients Who Are Clinically Dead? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Passengers with Disabilities: Air Carriers’ Disability-Training Programs and the Department of Transportation’s Oversight (GAO-17-541R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager, L. (2009). Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, June 28). Blue Apron Slashes Price For Its I.P.O. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Norman, 2004; Youngs & Somerville, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Youngs & Somerville, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Della Negra et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fish Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Fish Dis.
ISSN (print)0140-7775
ISSN (online)1365-2761
ScopeAquatic Science
Veterinary (miscalleneous)

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