How to format your references using the Journal of Fish Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fish Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, R. W. (2005). Astronomy. How is the solar corona heated? Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 51–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cosson, S., & Lutolf, M. P. (2014). Hydrogel microfluidics for the patterning of pluripotent stem cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 4462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parvanov, E. D., Petkov, P. M., & Paigen, K. (2010). Prdm9 controls activation of mammalian recombination hotspots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 835.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mendil, J., Nieves, P., Chubykalo-Fesenko, O., Walowski, J., Santos, T., Pisana, S., & Münzenberg, M. (2014). Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics. Scientific Reports, 4, 3980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohos, F. Á. (2017). Confectionery and Chocolate Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Luiselli, J. K. (Ed.). (2016). Behavioral Health Promotion and Intervention in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Borsotti, A., Breveglieri, L., Crespi Reghizzi, S., & Morzenti, A. (2015). From Ambiguous Regular Expressions to Deterministic Parsing Automata. In F. Drewes (Ed.), Implementation and Application of Automata: 20th International Conference, CIAA 2015, Umeå, Sweden, August 18-21, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 35–48). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fish Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 23). Mating Market Theory: The Math Of One-Night Stands And Long-Term Relationships. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). K-12 Education: Federal Funding for and Characteristics of Public Schools with Extended Learning Time (GAO-16-141). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mason, M. C. (2013). A Heart Like a Fakir’s The Life and Times of General Sir James Abbott, KCB [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, March 9). Head of European Council Reappointed Over Protest. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cosson & Lutolf, 2014; Walsh, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cosson & Lutolf, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Parvanov et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mendil et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fish Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Fish Dis.
ISSN (print)0140-7775
ISSN (online)1365-2761
ScopeAquatic Science
Veterinary (miscalleneous)

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