How to format your references using the Journal of Fish Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fish Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berger, S. L. (2007). The complex language of chromatin regulation during transcription. Nature, 447(7143), 407–412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hawthorne, D. J., & Via, S. (2001). Genetic linkage of ecological specialization and reproductive isolation in pea aphids. Nature, 412(6850), 904–907.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman, K. L., Helmstaedter, M., & Denk, W. (2011). Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature, 471(7337), 183–188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wengelnik, K., Vidal, V., Ancelin, M. L., Cathiard, A.-M., Morgat, J. L., Kocken, C. H., Calas, M., Herrera, S., Thomas, A. W., & Vial, H. J. (2002). A class of potent antimalarials and their specific accumulation in infected erythrocytes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1311–1314.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin, E. (2013). Investigative Computer Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Coluccia, G. (2015). Compressed Sensing for Distributed Systems (C. Ravazzi & E. Magli, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts, R. (2016). Shang Yang and the Performance of Historical Drama in Reform-Era China. In L. Ruru (Ed.), Staging China: New Theatres in the Twenty-First Century (pp. 61–78). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fish Diseases.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 22). Working the Weather By Laser. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Special Education: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Address Unique Challenges of Educating Children in Nursing Homes (GAO-14-585). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duan, C. (2004). Dynamic Analysis of Dry Friction Path in a Torsional System [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chaban, M. A. V. (2014, April 15). Gefilte Fish Is Scarce This Passover. Taste Buds Are Ambivalent. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Berger, 2007; Hawthorne & Via, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hawthorne & Via, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Briggman et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wengelnik et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fish Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Fish Dis.
ISSN (print)0140-7775
ISSN (online)1365-2761
ScopeAquatic Science
Veterinary (miscalleneous)

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