How to format your references using the Journal of Fish Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fish Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowley, J. D. (2013). Genetics. A story of swapped ends. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6139), 1412–1413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Altshuler, D., & Clark, A. G. (2005). Genetics. Harvesting medical information from the human family tree. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1052–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daw, R., Finkelstein, J., & Helmer, M. (2012). Chemistry and energy. Nature, 488(7411), 293.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pietrzak, B., Sharma, V., Wasalathanthri, D., Ellwanger, J. H., Sanganyado, E., Buschke, F., Beardsley, F. R., Agarwal, D., Jensen, M. M., Easun, T. L., Lin, H., Zhou, K., Jordan, E. J., Oda, F. S., MacKay, H., Coffey, E., Yoho, R., & Winter, M. (2018). Nurturing connections to the environment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 362(6417), 886–888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zlokarnik, M. (2006). Scale-Up in Chemical Engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bini, G. (2014). Geometric Invariant Theory for Polarized Curves (F. Felici, M. Melo, & F. Viviani, Eds.; Vol. 2122). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chin, A., & Juhn, C. (2011). Does Reducing College Costs Improve Educational Outcomes for Undocumented Immigrants? Evidence from State Laws Permitting Undocumented Immigrants to Pay In-State Tuition at State Colleges and Universities. In D. L. Leal & S. J. Trejo (Eds.), Latinos and the Economy: Integration and Impact in Schools, Labor Markets, and Beyond (pp. 63–94). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fish Diseases.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 21). Billions Of Bizarre Blue Animals Wash Ashore On The West Coast. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Selected Aspects of the Army’s Aviation Maintenance Program (No. 092929). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M. (2013). Creating community in a dual immersion program: A grant writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, February 8). Did Kuwait Copy Trump’s Travel Ban? Not Quite. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowley, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Altshuler & Clark, 2005; Rowley, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Altshuler & Clark, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Daw et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pietrzak et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fish Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Fish Dis.
ISSN (print)0140-7775
ISSN (online)1365-2761
ScopeAquatic Science
Veterinary (miscalleneous)

Other styles