How to format your references using the Journal of Fish Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fish Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirsch, J. E. (2002). Superconductivity. The true colors of cuprates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5563), 2226–2227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plous, S., & Herzog, H. (2001). Animal research. Reliability of protocol reviews for animal research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 608–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buck, W. R., Lavier, L. L., & Poliakov, A. N. B. (2005). Modes of faulting at mid-ocean ridges. Nature, 434(7034), 719–723.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ding, Y., Zhang, Y., Peng, T., Lu, Y., Jin, D., Ren, Q., … Xi, P. (2013). Observation of mesenteric microcirculatory disturbance in rat by laser oblique scanning optical microscopy. Scientific Reports, 3, 1762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dooner, D. B. (2012). Kinematic Geometry of Gearing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Divangahi, M. (Ed.). (2013). The New Paradigm of Immunity to Tuberculosis (Vol. 783). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, G., & Uszkoreit, H. (2012). O META-NET-e. In G. Rehm & H. Uszkoreit (Eds.), The Slovak Language in the Digital Age (pp. 37–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fish Diseases.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 23). Researchers Reveal How The Brain Rewires Itself In People Blind Since Birth. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Information Technology Reform: Progress Made; More Needs to Be Done to Complete Actions and Measure Results (No. GAO-12-745T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huffer, D. J. (2013). A spatial analysis and zooarchaeological interpretation of archaeological bison remains in the Southwest and the wildlife management implications for the House Rock Valley bison herd in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, February 21). Justices Shield Medical Devices From Lawsuits. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hirsch, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hirsch, 2002; Plous & Herzog, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Plous & Herzog, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Buck, Lavier, & Poliakov, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ding et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fish Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Fish Dis.
ISSN (print)0140-7775
ISSN (online)1365-2761
ScopeAquatic Science
Veterinary (miscalleneous)

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