How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolinetz, C. D. (2012). Implementing the new U.S. dual-use policy. Science 336, 1525–1527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karplus, P. A., and Diederichs, K. (2012). Linking crystallographic model and data quality. Science 336, 1030–1033.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, J., Carlson, B. E., and Del Genio, A. D. (2002). Evidence for strengthening of the tropical general circulation in the 1990s. Science 295, 838–841.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jones, W. D., Cayirlioglu, P., Kadow, I. G., and Vosshall, L. B. (2007). Two chemosensory receptors together mediate carbon dioxide detection in Drosophila. Nature 445, 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B. (2010). Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Geer, G. van der, Moonen, B., and Schoof, R. eds. (2005). Number Fields and Function Fields—Two Parallel Worlds. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Basnayake, R., and Bollt, E. M. (2014). “A Multi-time Step Method to Compute Optical Flow with Scientific Priors for Observations of a Fluidic System,” in Ergodic Theory, Open Dynamics, and Coherent Structures Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics., eds. W. Bahsoun, C. Bose, and G. Froyland (New York, NY: Springer), 59–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Bacterial Communication Signals Altered To Battle Pancreatic Cancer. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). Youth with Autism: Federal Agencies Should Take Additional Action to Support Transition-Age Youth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomack, A. (2017). Random Harmonic Polynomials.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robinson, L. (2015). Internal Injuries. New York Times, BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolinetz, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Karplus and Diederichs, 2012; Wolinetz, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karplus and Diederichs, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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