How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buiter, S. (2014). Geodynamics: How plumes help to break plates. Nature 513, 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, C., and Medzhitov, R. (2005). Control of B-cell responses by Toll-like receptors. Nature 438, 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taneike, M., Abe, F., and Sawada, K. (2003). Creep-strengthening of steel at high temperatures using nano-sized carbonitride dispersions. Nature 424, 294–296.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, H., Yin, R.-S., Feng, X.-B., Sommar, J., Anderson, C. W. N., Sapkota, A., et al. (2013). Atmospheric mercury inputs in montane soils increase with elevation: evidence from mercury isotope signatures. Sci. Rep. 3, 3322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robbins, N. B. (2004). Creating More Effective Graphs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lajtha, A., Baker, G., Dunn, S., and Holt, A. eds. (2007). Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Practical Neurochemistry Methods. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Kindler, S., and Kreienkamp, H.-J. (2012). “The Role of the Postsynaptic Density in the Pathology of the Fragile X Syndrome,” in Modeling Fragile X Syndrome Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation., ed. R. B. Denman (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). How To Super-Charge Your Memory Abilities Like The Ancient Greeks. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). NASA Property: Poor Lending Practices and Controls at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monk, K. J. (2014). Effects of distractors and force feedback on an aimed movement task in a CDTI environment.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, E. A. (2017). Accused of Sexual Abuse, Ousted And On to the Next Teaching Job. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buiter, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Pasare and Medzhitov, 2005; Buiter, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasare and Medzhitov, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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