How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramaswamy, S. (2011). Biochemistry. One atom makes all the difference. Science 334, 914–915.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohd-Sarip, A., and Verrijzer, C. P. (2004). Molecular biology. A higher order of silence. Science 306, 1484–1485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell, J. F., Stoner, G. R., and Reynolds, J. H. (2004). Object-based attention determines dominance in binocular rivalry. Nature 429, 410–413.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Feldberg, K., Schneider, H., Stadler, T., Schäfer-Verwimp, A., Schmidt, A. R., and Heinrichs, J. (2014). Epiphytic leafy liverworts diversified in angiosperm-dominated forests. Sci. Rep. 4, 5974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdel-aleem, S. (2010). The Design and Management of Medical Device clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Miller, H., Grant, L., and Pomson, A. eds. (2011). International Handbook of Jewish Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Soler, L., and Marescaux, J. (2016). “Virtual Surgical Simulation: The First Steps in a New Training,” in Simulation Training: Fundamentals and Applications: Improving Professional Practice Through Simulation Training, eds. P. Fauquet-Alekhine and N. Pehuet (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 95–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Warm Jupiters Are Not As Lonely As We Thought. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kranz, T. E. (2017). Body, Land, and Memory: Counter-Narratives in the Poetry of Minnie Bruce Pratt, Brenda Marie Osbey, and Natasha Trethewey.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Scouting Report. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramaswamy, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mohd-Sarip and Verrijzer, 2004; Ramaswamy, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mohd-Sarip and Verrijzer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Feldberg et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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