How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Proctor, R. N. (2000). Expert witnesses take the stand. Nature 407, 15–16.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sorger, V. J., and Zhang, X. (2011). Physics. Spotlight on plasmon lasers. Science 333, 709–710.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai, T. J., Brownfield, D. G., and Krasnow, M. A. (2014). Alveolar progenitor and stem cells in lung development, renewal and cancer. Nature 507, 190–194.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Periana, R. A., Mironov, O., Taube, D., Bhalla, G., and Jones, C. J. (2003). Catalytic, oxidative condensation of CH4 to CH3COOH in one step via CH activation. Science 301, 814–818.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kriegel, J. (2016). Unfairly Labeled. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wilcock, N. (2016). Hartmut Elsenhans and a Critique of Capitalism: Conversations on Theory and Policy Implications. , ed. C. Scholz London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Foster, L., and Woodthorpe, K. (2016). “Funeral Welfare to the Grave,” in Death and Social Policy in Challenging Times, eds. L. Foster and K. Woodthorpe (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). How To Find Micrometeorites In Your Home. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganatra, V. A. (2012). Impact of the media on body image and eating disorders.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S. (2013). For Carry-On Bags, Size Is Just the Beginning. New York Times, TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Proctor, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Proctor, 2000; Sorger and Zhang, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sorger and Zhang, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Periana et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatric Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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