How to format your references using the Journal of Youth and Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Youth and Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shalaev, V. M. (2008). Physics. Transforming light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5900), 384–386.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pawson, T., & Nash, P. (2003). Assembly of cell regulatory systems through protein interaction domains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5618), 445–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragunathan, K., Jih, G., & Moazed, D. (2015). Epigenetics. Epigenetic inheritance uncoupled from sequence-specific recruitment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230), 1258699.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Foster, M. A., Salem, R., Geraghty, D. F., Turner-Foster, A. C., Lipson, M., & Gaeta, A. L. (2008). Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope. Nature, 456(7218), 81–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rajagopal, R. (2014). Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bower, J. M. (Ed.). (2013). 20 Years of Computational Neuroscience (Vol. 9). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, Q., & Wen, Z. (2011). Phase Diagrams. In Z. Wen (Ed.), Thermodynamics of Materials (pp. 119–156). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Youth and Adolescence.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, June 8). Metalens Could Change How We Do Optics. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Telecommunications: Ohio Cable Television Rate Increases, 1986 to Present (No. RCED-88-236FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, R. L. (2015). Models for the Interaction of Structured Populations and the Environment (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kershner, I., & Hubbard, B. (2016, December 21). Hezbollah Is Using U.S.-Made Armor in Syria, Israel Says. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shalaev 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pawson and Nash 2003; Shalaev 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pawson and Nash 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Foster et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Youth and Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Youth Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0047-2891
ISSN (online)1573-6601
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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