How to format your references using the Journal of Youth and Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Youth and Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P. A. (2008). Physics. An end to the drought of quantum spin liquids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5894), 1306–1307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mizuno, T., & Kubo, H. (2013). Overview of active cesium contamination of freshwater fish in Fukushima and Eastern Japan. Scientific reports, 3, 1742.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tex, D. M., Kamiya, I., & Kanemitsu, Y. (2014). Control of hot-carrier relaxation for realizing ideal quantum-dot intermediate-band solar cells. Scientific reports, 4, 4125.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goldberg, J. L., Klassen, M. P., Hua, Y., & Barres, B. A. (2002). Amacrine-signaled loss of intrinsic axon growth ability by retinal ganglion cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1860–1864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway, J. (2009). Becoming a Category of One. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sachse, A. (2015). OpenGeoSys-Tutorial: Computational Hydrology I: Groundwater Flow Modeling. (K. Rink, W. He, & O. Kolditz, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaidalov, A. B. (2006). MULTIPLE PRODUCTION IN NUCLEAR COLLISIONS. In T. Čechák, L. Jenkovszky, & I. Karpenko (Eds.), Nuclear Science and Safety in Europe (pp. 69–79). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Youth and Adolescence.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 29). Spotting The Solos In The Cosmic Choir Of Black Holes. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany’s Industrially Produced Magnets (No. RCED-91-94FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coughenour, B. M. (2014). Photovoltaic concentrator optical system design: Solar energy engineering from physics to field (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hardy, M. (2017, August 13). Texas Naturalists Also See A Border Wall as a Threat. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lee 2008; Mizuno and Kubo 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mizuno and Kubo 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Goldberg et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Youth and Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Youth Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0047-2891
ISSN (online)1573-6601
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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