How to format your references using the Journal of Youth and Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Youth and Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cannatella, D. C. (2008). Comment on “Habitat split and the global decline of amphibians.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5878), 874; author reply 874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Young, I. M., & Crawford, J. W. (2004). Interactions and self-organization in the soil-microbe complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5677), 1634–1637.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A. K., Anderson, D. M., & Overpeck, J. T. (2003). Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 421(6921), 354–357.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahmadi, M., Bruschi, D. E., Sabín, C., Adesso, G., & Fuentes, I. (2014). Relativistic quantum metrology: exploiting relativity to improve quantum measurement technologies. Scientific reports, 4, 4996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rees, H. (2011). Supply Chain Management in the Drug Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bialik, R., Majdański, M., & Moskalik, M. (Eds.). (2014). Achievements, History and Challenges in Geophysics: 60th Anniversary of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Alpay, D., Colombo, F., & Sabadini, I. (2016). Finite-dimensional Preliminaries. In F. Colombo & I. Sabadini (Eds.), Slice Hyperholomorphic Schur Analysis (pp. 51–69). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Youth and Adolescence.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, August 11). This Incredible Footage Shows The Central Nervous System Of A Fly Larva In Action. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). NASA: Implementing a Knowledge-Based Acquisition Framework Could Lead to Better Investment Decisions and Project Outcomes (No. GAO-06-218). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sewell, A. (2013). A typology of sampling in hip-hop (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2016, March 21). Moscow Broadcast Tower Is Seen as Endangered. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannatella 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cannatella 2008; Young and Crawford 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Young and Crawford 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahmadi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Youth and Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Youth Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0047-2891
ISSN (online)1573-6601
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles