How to format your references using the Journal of Youth and Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Youth and Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tammann, G. A. (2010). Allan Sandage (1926-2010). Nature, 468(7326), 898.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richmond, T. J., & Davey, C. A. (2003). The structure of DNA in the nucleosome core. Nature, 423(6936), 145–150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tobie, G., Lunine, J. I., & Sotin, C. (2006). Episodic outgassing as the origin of atmospheric methane on Titan. Nature, 440(7080), 61–64.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Badjic, J. D., Balzani, V., Credi, A., Silvi, S., & Stoddart, J. F. (2004). A molecular elevator. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5665), 1845–1849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Boucenna, M. L., & Batatia, H. (2015). Ad Hoc Networks Telecommunications and Game Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Juhász, Z., Kacsuk, P., & Kranzlmüller, D. (Eds.). (2005). Distributed and Parallel Systems: Cluster and Grid Computing (Vol. 777). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chandra, R., Gupta, A., Ong, Y.-S., & Goh, C.-K. (2016). Evolutionary Multi-task Learning for Modular Training of Feedforward Neural Networks. In A. Hirose, S. Ozawa, K. Doya, K. Ikeda, M. Lee, & D. Liu (Eds.), Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 37–46). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Youth and Adolescence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 12). Leatherback Sea Turtles Use Mysterious ‘Compass Sense’ To Migrate Hundreds Of Miles. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Use of the Public Law 94-142 Set-Aside Shows Both the Flexibility Intended by the Law and the Need for Improved Reporting (No. PEMD-85-5). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, R. E. (2010). Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 17). Who’s at Second, And Now Third? It’s the Catcher. New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tammann 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Richmond and Davey 2003; Tammann 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richmond and Davey 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Badjic et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Youth and Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Youth Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0047-2891
ISSN (online)1573-6601
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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