How to format your references using the Journal of Youth and Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Youth and Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer, A. L. (2000). Too hot to melt. Nature, 404(6774), 134–135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennedy, B. M., & van Soest, M. C. (2007). Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: helium isotope trends. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5855), 1433–1436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, E. B., Lystad, V., & Rasio, F. A. (2005). Planet-planet scattering in the upsilon Andromedae system. Nature, 434(7035), 873–876.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tatsuo, H., Ono, N., Tanaka, K., & Yanagi, Y. (2000). SLAM (CDw150) is a cellular receptor for measles virus. Nature, 406(6798), 893–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham, R. (2012). Real Estate and Globalisation. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Borwein, J. M. (2012). An Introduction to Modern Mathematical Computing: With Mathematica®. (M. P. Skerritt, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bitner-Gregersen, E. M., Eide, L. I., Hørte, T., & Skjong, R. (2013). Summary of Past and Future Climate Change. In L. I. Eide, T. Hørte, & R. Skjong (Eds.), Ship and Offshore Structure Design in Climate Change Perspective (pp. 39–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Youth and Adolescence.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, December 12). Monkeys Should Be Able To Talk, If Only They Had The Brains To Do So. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). ADP Acquisitions: Patent Automation Encountering Major Planning and Procurement Problems (No. IMTEC-86-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saldivar, N. (2014). Understanding the impact of AB-12 on the child welfare workforce (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 17). Lost and Found in a Magic Tale of Nomads. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greer 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Greer 2000; Kennedy and van Soest 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kennedy and van Soest 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tatsuo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Youth and Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Youth Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0047-2891
ISSN (online)1573-6601
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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