How to format your references using the American Journal of Kidney Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Kidney Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lupas AN. Protein Design. What I cannot create, I do not understand. Science. 2014;346(6216):1455-1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Matsumoto M, Hikosaka O. Two types of dopamine neuron distinctly convey positive and negative motivational signals. Nature. 2009;459(7248):837-841.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Noskov SY, Bernèche S, Roux B. Control of ion selectivity in potassium channels by electrostatic and dynamic properties of carbonyl ligands. Nature. 2004;431(7010):830-834.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Reynwar BJ, Illya G, Harmandaris VA, Müller MM, Kremer K, Deserno M. Aggregation and vesiculation of membrane proteins by curvature-mediated interactions. Nature. 2007;447(7143):461-464.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sinaiski EG. Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Cullis AG, Midgley PA, eds. Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials 2007. Vol 120. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hiptmair R, Jerez-Hanckes C, Lee J-F, Peng Z. Domain Decomposition for Boundary Integral Equations via Local Multi-Trace Formulations. In: Erhel J, Gander MJ, Halpern L, Pichot G, Sassi T, Widlund O, eds. Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XXI. Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:43-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Vaccine Could Protect Chimps And Gorillas From Ebola. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-vaccine-could-protect-chimps-and-gorillas-ebola/. Published March 25, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Utilization of Consultants and Experts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McLeod DJ. From fear to freedom: Overcoming obstacles and living truthfully in a role. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Some Koreans Give Their Teachers the Whole Apple Tree .. New York Times. May 18, 2003:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
AbbreviationAm. J. Kidney Dis.
ISSN (print)0272-6386
ScopeNephrology

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