How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alverson, K. (2005). Watching over the world’s oceans. Nature 434, 19–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lister, A. M., and Sher, A. V. (2015). Evolution and dispersal of mammoths across the Northern Hemisphere. Science 350, 805–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Springel, V., Frenk, C. S., and White, S. D. M. (2006). The large-scale structure of the Universe. Nature 440, 1137–1144.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mou, X., Sun, S., Edwards, R. A., Hodson, R. E., and Moran, M. A. (2008). Bacterial carbon processing by generalist species in the coastal ocean. Nature 451, 708–711.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baines, P., Ferraro, J., and Rogers, P. (2010). The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing 1660 - 1789. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Maschinski, J., Haskins, K. E., and Raven, P. H. eds. (2012). Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate: Promises and Perils. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Tapia, D. I., García, Ó., Alonso, R. S., Guevara, F., Catalina, J., Bravo, R. A., et al. (2012). “Evaluating the n-Core Polaris Real-Time Locating System in an Indoor Environment,” in Trends in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing., eds. J. M. C. Rodríguez, J. B. Pérez, P. Golinska, S. Giroux, and R. Corchuelo (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Thousands Of These Bizarre Blue Animals Wash Up Along California Shores. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Department of Homeland Security: Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development Should Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chima-Okereke, O. (2010). The distinct VPS35 mutant, env1, exhibits unique protein mislocalization and processing phenotype.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alverson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Alverson, 2005; Lister and Sher, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lister and Sher, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mou et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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