How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yildiz, A. (2006). GE Prize winner. How molecular motors move. Science 311, 792–793.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, J. K., and Church, J. A. (2012). Climate change. Regional sea-level projection. Science 336, 550–551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Traag, V. A., Krings, G., and Van Dooren, P. (2013). Significant scales in community structure. Sci. Rep. 3, 2930.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, J., Lim, S. C., Chae, S. J., Maeng, I., Choi, Y., Cha, S., et al. (2013). Ultrafast zero balance of the oscillator-strength sum rule in graphene. Sci. Rep. 3, 2663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinshpan, L. (2012). Solving Enterprise Applications Performance Puzzles. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zwald, F., and Brown, M. D. eds. (2015). Advances in Transplant Dermatology: Clinical and Practical Implications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Biffi, A., and Visigalli, I. (2013). “Hematopoietic Stem Cell Gene Therapy for Lysosomal Storage Disorders: Expected Benefits and Limitations,” in Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine., eds. J. J. Boelens and R. Wynn (New York, NY: Springer), 127–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Watch This Amphibian Eat Its Mother Alive. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Transportation Security Administration: Clear Policies and Oversight Needed for Designation of Sensitive Security Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R. M. (2012). Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012). A Minimum $10 Billion In Damages Is Estimated. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yildiz, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Yildiz, 2006; Willis and Church, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willis and Church, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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