How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwier, T. S. (2004). Chemistry. The structure of protonated water clusters. Science 304, 1119–1120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahley, M. R., and Strobel, S. A. (2005). Structural evidence for a two-metal-ion mechanism of group I intron splicing. Science 309, 1587–1590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rougier, G. W., Forasiepi, A. M., and Martinelli, A. G. (2005). Comment on “Independent origins of middle ear bones in monotremes and therians” (II). Science 309, 1492; author reply 1492.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Berns, G. S., Chappelow, J., Cekic, M., Zink, C. F., Pagnoni, G., and Martin-Skurski, M. E. (2006). Neurobiological substrates of dread. Science 312, 754–758.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caltagirone, J.-P. (2015). Discrete Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kalck, P. ed. (2016). Homo- and Heterobimetallic Complexes in Catalysis: Cooperative Catalysis. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Offerman, S. E., and Sharma, H. (2010). “Grain Nucleation and Growth of Individual Austenite and Ferrite Grains Studied by 3DXRD Microscopy at the ESRF,” in In-situ Studies with Photons, Neutrons and Electrons Scattering, eds. T. Kannengiesser, S. S. Babu, Y.-I. Komizo, and A. J. Ramirez (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 41–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Diabetes Cases In The U.K. Up 60% In The Last Decade. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pappenfus, B. J. (2013). How frequency of change within organizations affects burnout of human resource professionals.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Spotify Is Growing. So Are Its Losses. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zwier, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Stahley and Strobel, 2005; Zwier, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stahley and Strobel, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Berns et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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