How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Julian, B. (2002). Plate tectonics. Seismological detection of slab metamorphism. Science 296, 1625–1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
McAndrew, P., and Scanlon, E. (2013). Education. Open learning at a distance: lessons for struggling MOOCs. Science 342, 1450–1451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S., and Pennacchioni, G. (2005). Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature 436, 1009–1012.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sato, T., Kamiyama, T., Takahashi, T., Kurahashi, K., and Yamada, K. (2001). Observation of d(x2-y2)-like superconducting gap in an electron-doped high-temperature superconductor. Science 291, 1517–1519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ocic, O. (2004). Oil Refineries in the 21st Century. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Prasad, B. ed. (2008). Soft Computing Applications in Business. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dantas, Y. G., Lemos, M. O. O., Fonseca, I. E., and Nigam, V. (2016). “Formal Specification and Verification of a Selective Defense for TDoS Attacks,” in Rewriting Logic and Its Applications: 11th International Workshop, WRLA 2016, Held as a Satellite Event of ETAPS, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, April 2-3, 2016, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. D. Lucanu (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 82–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017). Humpback Whale “Supergroups” Seen Having Their Own Raves. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). School Choice: Private School Choice Programs Are Growing and Can Complicate Providing Certain Federally Funded Services to Eligible Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, R. U. (2015). A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017). Old Board, Hub’s Heart, Goes Out of Service. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Julian, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Julian, 2002; McAndrew and Scanlon, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McAndrew and Scanlon, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

Other styles