How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pinter, N. (2005). Environment. One step forward, two steps back on U.S. floodplains. Science 308, 207–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Accardi, A., and Miller, C. (2004). Secondary active transport mediated by a prokaryotic homologue of ClC Cl- channels. Nature 427, 803–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Su, X., and Ning, K. (2014). Assessment of quality control approaches for metagenomic data analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6957.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hutko, A. R., Lay, T., Revenaugh, J., and Garnero, E. J. (2008). Anticorrelated seismic velocity anomalies from post-perovskite in the lowermost mantle. Science 320, 1070–1074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker, A. A. (2006). Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gerdt, V. P., Koepf, W., Mayr, E. W., and Vorozhtsov, E. V. eds. (2013). Computer Algebra in Scientific Computing: 15th International Workshop, CASC 2013, Berlin, Germany, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Verburg, P. H., Kok, K., Pontius, R. G., Jr., and Veldkamp, A. (2006). “Modeling Land-Use and Land-Cover Change,” in Land-Use and Land-Cover Change: Local Processes and Global Impacts Global Change - The IGBP Series., eds. E. F. Lambin and H. Geist (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 117–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). Images Appear To Show Broken Heroin Needles Stuck In Patient’s Neck. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). B-2 Bomber: Review of the Air Force’s Decision to Change Extremely High Frequency Satellite Communications Antennas. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fulton, E. (2010). Differential effects of nicotine on prospective memory, sustained attention, and working memory.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005). For Now, and Possibly This Year, Talk of a Vacancy on the Court Appears to Be Mere Talk. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pinter, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Accardi and Miller, 2004; Pinter, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Accardi and Miller, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hutko et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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