How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hellemans, A. (2002). Getting into good company. Nature 416, 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bays, P. M., and Husain, M. (2009). Response to Comment on “Dynamic Shifts of Limited Working Memory Resources in Human Vision.” Science 323, 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn, B., Kamath, H., and Tarascon, J.-M. (2011). Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices. Science 334, 928–935.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nakagawa, T., Cheng, Y., Ramm, E., Sheng, M., and Walz, T. (2005). Structure and different conformational states of native AMPA receptor complexes. Nature 433, 545–549.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Porter, A. L., and Cunningham, S. W. (2004). Tech Mining. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Waller, M. T. ed. (2016). Ethnoprimatology: Primate Conservation in the 21st Century. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouleau, N., and Denis, L. (2015). “Construction of the Dirichlet Structure on the Upper Space,” in Dirichlet Forms Methods for Poisson Point Measures and Lévy Processes: With Emphasis on the Creation-Annihilation Techniques Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling., ed. L. Denis (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 41–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrigenomics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Scientists Have Turned Spinach Into A Bomb Detector. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Intercollegiate Athletics: Trends by Sport in National Collegiate Athletic Association Sports, an E-supplement to GAO-07-535. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teo, Y. M. (2017). Acculturation Levels, Social Media Usage and Their Relationship with Dietary Patterns among Asian American Young Adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Cardwell, D. (2017). Trump Advisers Wage Tug of War On Climate Deal. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hellemans, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hellemans, 2002; Bays and Husain, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bays and Husain, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakagawa et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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