How to format your references using the Results in Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gould J. Learning from nature’s best. Nature 2015;519:S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Salichos L, Rokas A. Inferring ancient divergences requires genes with strong phylogenetic signals. Nature 2013;497:327–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Muir G, Fleming CC, Schlötterer C. Species status of hybridizing oaks. Nature 2000;405:1016.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kanadia RN, Johnstone KA, Mankodi A, Lungu C, Thornton CA, Esson D, et al. A muscleblind knockout model for myotonic dystrophy. Science 2003;302:1978–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Morag N. Comparative Homeland Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Damon J. Local Features in Natural Images via Singularity Theory. vol. 2165. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Fermüller CG. Combining Fuzziness and Context Sensitivity in Game Based Models of Vague Quantification. In: Huynh V-N, Inuiguchi M, Demoeux T, editors. Integrated Uncertainty in Knowledge Modelling and Decision Making: 4th International Symposium, IUKM 2015, Nha Trang, Vietnam, October 15-17, 2015, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 19–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Physics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Ancient Megatsunami Reached Height of Manhattan Skyscrapers. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/ancient-megatsunami-reached-height-manhattan-skyscrapers/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Radio Frequencies: Earlier Coordination Could Improve System Use and Save Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Moreno S. Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kurdewan J. Bill Cunningham, Unpublished. New York Times 2016:ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Physics
AbbreviationResults Phys.
ISSN (print)2211-3797
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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