How to format your references using the Results in Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hedström P. Sociology. Experimental macro sociology: predicting the next best seller. Science 2006;311:786–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Finkelstein I, Piasetzky E. Comment on “14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings.” Science 2003;302:568; author reply 568.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
de Jong PW, van Lenteren JC, Raak-van den Berg CL. Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science 2013;341:1342.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Erbse A, Schmidt R, Bornemann T, Schneider-Mergener J, Mogk A, Zahn R, et al. ClpS is an essential component of the N-end rule pathway in Escherichia coli. Nature 2006;439:753–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Blair R, Regenstein JM. Genetic Modification and Food Quality. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Dumont R, Chung Y, editors. Nutrition in Pediatric Pulmonary Disease. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Xidonas P, Mavrotas G, Krintas T, Psarras J, Zopounidis C. Portfolio Optimization. In: Mavrotas G, Krintas T, Psarras J, Zopounidis C, editors. Multicriteria Portfolio Management, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 57–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Physics.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. A Computer Has Reportedly Passed Turing Test For The First Time. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Contracting Improprieties by Chief Engineer. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pan S. Cybersecurity testing and intrusion detection for cyber-physical power systems. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Shear MD. Democratic Coalition Plans Attacks on G.O.P. Over Health Care Law. New York Times 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Physics
AbbreviationResults Phys.
ISSN (print)2211-3797
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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