How to format your references using the Results in Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lozier MS. Deconstructing the conveyor belt. Science 2010;328:1507–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Masiello CA, Louchouarn P. Ecology. Fire in the ocean. Science 2013;340:287–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shinde DB, Majumder M, Pillai VK. Counter-ion dependent, longitudinal unzipping of multi-walled carbon nanotubes to highly conductive and transparent graphene nanoribbons. Sci Rep 2014;4:4363.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ozgul A, Tuljapurkar S, Benton TG, Pemberton JM, Clutton-Brock TH, Coulson T. The dynamics of phenotypic change and the shrinking sheep of St. Kilda. Science 2009;325:464–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
He J, Zeng R, Zhang B. Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Tjadens F. Mobility of Health Professionals: Health Systems, Work Conditions, Patterns of Health Workers’ Mobility and Implications for Policy Makers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chilingaryan S. The XMLBench Project: Comparison of Fast, Multi-platform XML libraries. In: Chen L, Liu C, Liu Q, Deng K, editors. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2009 International Workshops: BenchmarX, MCIS, WDPP, PPDA, MBC, PhD, Brisbane, Australia, April 20 - 23, 2009, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 21–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Physics.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Beautiful Bubblegum Coral On The Seabed Of The Mariana Region. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/beautiful-bubblegum-coral-on-the-seabed-of-the-mariana-region/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Agencies Need to Improve Their Application Inventories to Achieve Additional Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stangl BL. The mediation of cognitive task performance in post-menopausal women: An examination of the effects of DHEA upon cognition. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Where Many Things Besides the Islanders Need Fixing. New York Times 2011:SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Physics
AbbreviationResults Phys.
ISSN (print)2211-3797
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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