How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurology Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P. A. (2014). Physics. Seeking out Majorana under the microscope. Science 346, 545–546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teng, M. W. L., and Smyth, M. J. (2014). Cancer. Can cancer trigger autoimmunity? Science 343, 147–148.
A journal article with 3 authors
King, N., Hittinger, C. T., and Carroll, S. B. (2003). Evolution of key cell signaling and adhesion protein families predates animal origins. Science 301, 361–363.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cauchemez, S., Valleron, A.-J., Boëlle, P.-Y., Flahault, A., and Ferguson, N. M. (2008). Estimating the impact of school closure on influenza transmission from Sentinel data. Nature 452, 750–754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway, J. (2007). Work Like You’re Showing Off! Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gao, F., Shi, K., and Li, S. eds. (2015). Computational Methods for Molecular Imaging. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Innocentini-Mei, L. H., and Fakhouri, F. M. (2013). “Recent Studies on Soy Protein Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites,” in Advances in Natural Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites Advanced Structured Materials., eds. S. Thomas, P. M. Visakh, and A. P. Mathew (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 155–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurology Education.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). There’s No Such Thing As An Alpha Male. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Information Security: Weak Controls Place DC Highway Trust Fund and Other Data at Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, E. (2014). Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Dress Like a Benefactor. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2014; Teng and Smyth, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teng and Smyth, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cauchemez et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurology Education
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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