How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurology Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muindi, F. (2014). Tell the negative committee to shut up. Science 345, 350.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawakatsu, H., and Watada, S. (2007). Seismic evidence for deep-water transportation in the mantle. Science 316, 1468–1471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv, N. J., Prokoph, A., and Veizer, J. (2014). Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Sci. Rep. 4, 6150.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Svedhem, H., Titov, D. V., Taylor, F. W., and Witasse, O. (2007). Venus as a more Earth-like planet. Nature 450, 629–632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troppens, U., Erkens, R., and Müller, W. (2004). Storage Networks Explained. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Getz, J. (2012). Hilbert Modular Forms with Coefficients in Intersection Homology and Quadratic Base Change. , ed. M. Goresky Basel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nipkow, T., and Klein, G. (2014). “Logic and Proof Beyond Equality,” in Concrete Semantics: With Isabelle/HOL, ed. G. Klein (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurology Education.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016). It Seriously Sucks To Be A Reindeer Right Now. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972). Examination Into Certain Irregularities Reported as Existing at the Department of Labor Atterbury Job Corps Center near Edinburg, Indiana. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beaven, L. (2014). Epiphanies of soul: “When the bolts of the universe fly open.” A depth psychological contemplation of wonder.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., and Herrman, J. (2016). Once an Outlier, Breitbart Rises to Potent Voice. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muindi, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kawakatsu and Watada, 2007; Muindi, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawakatsu and Watada, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Svedhem et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurology Education
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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