How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurology Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chenn, A. (2002). Eppendorf & Science Prize. Essays on science and society. Making a bigger brain by regulating cell cycle exit. Science 298, 766–767.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhao, M., and Running, S. W. (2010). Drought-induced reduction in global terrestrial net primary production from 2000 through 2009. Science 329, 940–943.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr, D., Zimmerman, C., and Jirout, J. (2011). Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking. Science 333, 971–975.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Caputo, A., Caci, E., Ferrera, L., Pedemonte, N., Barsanti, C., Sondo, E., et al. (2008). TMEM16A, a membrane protein associated with calcium-dependent chloride channel activity. Science 322, 590–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ketring, K. L., and Glaze, M. B. (2012). Atlas of Feline Ophthalmology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bornstein, B. H., and Tomkins, A. J. eds. (2015). Motivating Cooperation and Compliance with Authority: The Role of Institutional Trust. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gao, L., Yu, S., Luan, T. H., and Zhou, W. (2015). “Social Characteristics Based Multiple Dimensional Routing Protocol in Human Associated Delay Tolerant Networks,” in Delay Tolerant Networks SpringerBriefs in Computer Science., eds. S. Yu, T. H. Luan, and W. Zhou (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 35–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurology Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Timelapse Of Tarantula Molting Looks Like Alien Birth. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Organizational Structure and Information Systems Used To Manage the Army’s Depot-Level Maintenance Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corona, B. (2012). Laws governing the treatment, involuntary detention and community integration of individuals with developmental disabilities: A policy analysis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, G., Schwartz, J., Calmes, J., and Martin, J. (2016). Donald Trump Holds ‘Thank You’ Rally in Cincinnati, and Announces His Pick for Defense Secretary. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chenn, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chenn, 2002; Zhao and Running, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhao and Running, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Caputo et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurology Education
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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