How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurology Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kunzig, R. (2003). Perceptions of science. Deep-sea biology: living with the endless frontier. Science 302, 991.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloodgood, B. L., and Sabatini, B. L. (2005). Neuronal activity regulates diffusion across the neck of dendritic spines. Science 310, 866–869.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dwyer, G., Dushoff, J., and Yee, S. H. (2004). The combined effects of pathogens and predators on insect outbreaks. Nature 430, 341–345.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Luo, J.-L., Tan, W., Ricono, J. M., Korchynskyi, O., Zhang, M., Gonias, S. L., et al. (2007). Nuclear cytokine-activated IKKalpha controls prostate cancer metastasis by repressing Maspin. Nature 446, 690–694.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland, A. (2012). Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kumanogoh, A. ed. (2015). Semaphorins: A Diversity of Emerging Physiological and Pathological Activities. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Savva, A., Petrie, H., and Power, C. (2015). “Comparing Concurrent and Retrospective Verbal Protocols for Blind and Sighted Users,” in Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2015: 15th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Bamberg, Germany, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. Abascal, S. Barbosa, M. Fetter, T. Gross, P. Palanque, and M. Winckler (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurology Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Snakebite Anti-Venom Set To Run Out Next Year. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). Head Start Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stuart, K. (2013). The Relationship Between Weather and Lunar Changes on Student Achievement and Measures School Districts Utilize to Combat Potential Impact.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Organizer Of Festival Is Released On Bail. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kunzig, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kunzig, 2003; Bloodgood and Sabatini, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bloodgood and Sabatini, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurology Education
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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