How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurology Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wegner, G. (2011). Cosmology: gravity tested on large scales. Nature 477, 541–543.
A journal article with 2 authors
Millum, J., and Emanuel, E. J. (2007). Ethics. The ethics of international research with abandoned children. Science 318, 1874–1875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Monje, M. L., Toda, H., and Palmer, T. D. (2003). Inflammatory blockade restores adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Science 302, 1760–1765.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Roati, G., D’Errico, C., Fallani, L., Fattori, M., Fort, C., Zaccanti, M., et al. (2008). Anderson localization of a non-interacting Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature 453, 895–898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bejan, A. (2016). Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Doyle, B., Miller, K., Wittek, A., and Nielsen, P. M. F. eds. (2015). Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: New Approaches and New Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Webby, R. J., Webster, R. G., and Richt, J. A. (2007). “Influenza Viruses in Animal Wildlife Populations,” in Wildlife and Emerging Zoonotic Diseases: The Biology, Circumstances and Consequences of Cross-Species Transmission Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology., eds. J. E. Childs, J. S. Mackenzie, and J. A. Richt (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurology Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015). Sensor Breakthrough Could Enable Smartphones To Detect Air Pollution. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Weather Forecasting: Improvements Needed in Laboratory Software Development Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maldonado, J. A. (2010). Searching for Confirmation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Demoted To “Not Free.” New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wegner, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Millum and Emanuel, 2007; Wegner, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Millum and Emanuel, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Roati et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurology Education
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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