How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke, R. A., Sr (2005). Atmospheric science. Land use and climate change. Science 310, 1625–1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fernández, A., and Lynch, M. (2011). Non-adaptive origins of interactome complexity. Nature 474, 502–505.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saturno, W. A., Stuart, D., and Beltrán, B. (2006). Early Maya writing at San Bartolo, Guatemala. Science 311, 1281–1283.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nedimović, M. R., Carbotte, S. M., Harding, A. J., Detrick, R. S., Canales, J. P., Diebold, J. B., et al. (2005). Frozen magma lenses below the oceanic crust. Nature 436, 1149–1152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene, E. A. (2005). Electronic Materials Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mozaffarieh, M. (2009). Ocular Blood Flow and Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy. , ed. J. Flammer Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Irby, D. J. (2016). “Working with Adult Non-Completers to Address the School Dropout Problem,” in Black Participatory Research: Power, Identity, and the Struggle for Justice in Education, eds. E. R. Drame and D. J. Irby (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US), 71–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Malaria Vaccine Trial Yields Promising Results. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Next Generation Air Transportation System: Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moulder, J. C. (2010). Comparative analgesic effects of prepulse inhibition and reduced voltage waveforms in defibrillation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013). On Tulsa’s Long-Shot Olympic Pitch, Mayor and Others Say Never Mind. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Pielke, 2005; Fernández and Lynch, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fernández and Lynch, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Nedimović et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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