How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2010). Joining forces. Nature 466, S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexandrakis, G., and Poulos, S. Ε. (2014). An holistic approach to beach erosion vulnerability assessment. Sci. Rep. 4, 6078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bates, M. E., Simmons, J. A., and Zorikov, T. V. (2011). Bats use echo harmonic structure to distinguish their targets from background clutter. Science 333, 627–630.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lindquist, N. C., Johnson, T. W., Nagpal, P., Norris, D. J., and Oh, S.-H. (2013). Plasmonic nanofocusing with a metallic pyramid and an integrated C-shaped aperture. Sci. Rep. 3, 1857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben-Daya, M., Kumar, U., and Murthy, D. N. P. (2016). Introduction to Maintenance Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dwyer, M. B., and Lopes, A. eds. (2007). Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 10th International Conference, FASE 2007, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences, on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2007, Braga, Portugal, March 24 - April 1, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lax, P. D., and Terrell, M. S. (2014). “The Theory of Differentiable Functions,” in Calculus With Applications Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics., ed. M. S. Terrell (New York, NY: Springer), 171–216.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). If We Burned All Fossil Fuels, Would Any Of Antarctica’s Ice Survive? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Aviation Security: TSA Is Enhancing Its Oversight of Air Carrier Efforts to Identify Passengers on the No Fly and Selectee Lists, but Expects Ultimate Solution to Be Implementation of Secure Flight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, J. O. (2011). Women’s social networking: Steps that organize low-technology users with emergency needs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Hoisting The Sub, Slowly. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Willyard, 2010; Alexandrakis and Poulos, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexandrakis and Poulos, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lindquist et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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