How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shneiderman, B. (2008). Computer science. Science 2.0. Science 319, 1349–1350.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schoch, R. R., and Sues, H.-D. (2015). A Middle Triassic stem-turtle and the evolution of the turtle body plan. Nature 523, 584–587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, S., Evans, P., and Hawkesworth, C. (2001). Ultrafast source-to-surface movement of melt at island arcs from 226Ra-230Th systematics. Science 292, 1363–1366.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gmachl, C., Sivco, D. L., Colombelli, R., Capasso, F., and Cho, A. Y. (2002). Ultra-broadband semiconductor laser. Nature 415, 883–887.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, J. M. (2009). Chromatography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhao, Y. (2016). Multi-band Polarization Imaging and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. , eds. C. Yi, S. G. Kong, Q. Pan, and Y. Cheng Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zini, G., and Tartarini, P. (2012). “Solar Radiation and Photovoltaic Conversion,” in Solar Hydrogen Energy Systems: Science and Technology for the Hydrogen Economy, ed. P. Tartarini (Milano: Springer), 53–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Are Vaccines Making Viruses More Dangerous? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Information Technology Management: Census Bureau Has Implemented Many Key Practices, but Additional Actions Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwell, L. Y. (2017). Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). The Post’s Latest Bombshell: It’s Thriving in Digital News. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shneiderman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Shneiderman, 2008; Schoch and Sues, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schoch and Sues, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gmachl et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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