How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Emmons, S. W. (2012). Neuroscience. The mood of a worm. Science 338, 475–476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ortiz, C., and Boyce, M. C. (2008). Materials science. Bioinspired structural materials. Science 319, 1053–1054.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragunathan, K., Jih, G., and Moazed, D. (2015). Epigenetics. Epigenetic inheritance uncoupled from sequence-specific recruitment. Science 348, 1258699.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu, J., Taylor, D. W., Krementsova, E. B., Trybus, K. M., and Taylor, K. A. (2006). Three-dimensional structure of the myosin V inhibited state by cryoelectron tomography. Nature 442, 208–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peca, S. P. (2009). Real Estate Development and Investment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kwaśnicka, H., and Jain, L. C. eds. (2011). Innovations in Intelligent Image Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sapaty, P. S. (2014). “The World as Distributed Brain with Spatial Grasp Paradigm,” in Intelligent Systems for Science and Information: Extended and Selected Results from the Science and Information Conference 2013 Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. L. Chen, S. Kapoor, and R. Bhatia (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). MRI Could Help Improve Breast Cancer Risk Prediction. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Student Loan Programs: Lower Interest Rates and Higher Loan Volume Have Increased Federal Consolidation Loan Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bates, K. (2017). Drivers of Engagement for Volunteers in a Nonprofit.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Brought Together by a Fight With Cancer and a Love of Baseball. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Emmons, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ortiz and Boyce, 2008; Emmons, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ortiz and Boyce, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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