How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolfe, S. M. (2003). Medicine. Ephedra--scientific evidence versus money/politics. Science 300, 437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shenoy, S. K., and Rockman, H. A. (2011). Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner. Nature 477, 546–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griesinger, C. B., Richards, C. D., and Ashmore, J. F. (2005). Fast vesicle replenishment allows indefatigable signalling at the first auditory synapse. Nature 435, 212–215.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fontaine, S., Barot, S., Barré, P., Bdioui, N., Mary, B., and Rumpel, C. (2007). Stability of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by fresh carbon supply. Nature 450, 277–280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goddard Blythe, S. (2012). Assessing Neuromotor Readiness for Learning. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mayes, R., Rixen, D., Griffith, D. T., De Klerk, D., Chauhan, S., Voormeeren, S. N., et al. eds. (2012). Topics in Experimental Dynamics Substructuring and Wind Turbine Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 30th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2012. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu, M., and Martínez, S. (2015). “Distributed Resilient Formation Control,” in Distributed Optimization-Based Control of Multi-Agent Networks in Complex Environments SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering., ed. S. Martínez (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 91–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurogenomics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Sleep Debt Shows Up in Your Blood. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Human Capital Management: FAA’s Reform Effort Requires a More Strategic Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shafran, R. F. (2017). Leading Organizational Change: A Phenomenological Study of the Nonlinear Strategies Used by Female Leaders in Global Companies.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. (2011). Black-and-White Struggle With a Rosy Glow. New York Times, AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolfe, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Shenoy and Rockman, 2011; Wolfe, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shenoy and Rockman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Fontaine et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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