How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pandit, M. K. (2013). The Himalayas must be protected. Nature 501, 283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sloan, P. A., and Palmer, R. E. (2005). Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature 434, 367–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller, C. F., Barry, C., and Burgess, N. (2010). Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature 463, 657–661.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Voyles, J., Woodhams, D. C., Saenz, V., Byrne, A. Q., Perez, R., Rios-Sotelo, G., et al. (2018). Shifts in disease dynamics in a tropical amphibian assemblage are not due to pathogen attenuation. Science 359, 1517–1519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicu, L., and Leïchlé, T. (2013). Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Biosensors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jacobs, K., Moser, S., and Buizer, J. eds. (2016). The US National Climate Assessment: Innovations in Science and Engagement. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yong, C., and Booth, D. C. (2012). “Seismic hazard and risk assessment,” in The Wenchuan Earthquake of 2008: Anatomy of a Disaster, ed. D. C. Booth (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 160–185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurogenomics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Enormous Algal Bloom In Chile Is Poisoning Wildlife. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Efforts to Assist the Homeless in Baltimore. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morgan, A. J. (2017). Analyzing Red and Gray Stages of Bark Beetle Attack in the San Bernardino National Forest Using Remote Sensing.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. (2017). Mattis Beseeches Pacific Officials to ‘Bear With Us.’ New York Times, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pandit, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Sloan and Palmer, 2005; Pandit, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sloan and Palmer, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Voyles et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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