How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroenergetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavrilets, S. (2000). Rapid evolution of reproductive barriers driven by sexual conflict. Nature 403, 886–889.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brandman, O., and Meyer, T. (2008). Feedback loops shape cellular signals in space and time. Science 322, 390–395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery, C. S., Tout, C. A., and Lattanzio, J. C. (2006). Astronomy. Nucleosynthesis in binary stars. Science 311, 345–346.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuehnbaum, N. L., Gillen, J. B., Gibala, M. J., and Britz-McKibbin, P. (2014). Personalized metabolomics for predicting glucose tolerance changes in sedentary women after high-intensity interval training. Sci. Rep. 4, 6166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoker, J. J. (1988). Differential Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sachdev, P. L. (2010). Large Time Asymptotics for Solutions of Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations. , ed. C. Srinivasa Rao New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kool, V. K., and Agrawal, R. (2016). “Behavior in the Virtual Environment,” in Psychology of Technology, ed. R. Agrawal (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 187–251.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Elephants Born To Stressed Mothers Age Faster. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Making Progress to Rapidly Deliver Low Cost Space Capabilities, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Savage, F. (2014). Effect of Dry-Wet Cycles on Fracture Propagation in Shale and Gas Production Mechanism.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). Bill Penalizes Adults in Under-Age Drinking. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavrilets, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gavrilets, 2000; Brandman and Meyer, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brandman and Meyer, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuehnbaum et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroenergetics
AbbreviationFront. Neuroenergetics
ISSN (online)1662-6427
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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