How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroenergetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayo, M. J. (2009). Video games: a route to large-scale STEM education? Science 323, 79–82.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perutz, M. F., and Windle, A. H. (2001). Cause of neural death in neurodegenerative diseases attributable to expansion of glutamine repeats. Nature 412, 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horodecki, M., Oppenheim, J., and Winter, A. (2005). Partial quantum information. Nature 436, 673–676.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Karbowski, M., Norris, K. L., Cleland, M. M., Jeong, S.-Y., and Youle, R. J. (2006). Role of Bax and Bak in mitochondrial morphogenesis. Nature 443, 658–662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M., and Samuels, M. (2009). The Think Big Manifesto. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Johnston, R. J., Rolfe, J., Rosenberger, R. S., and Brouwer, R. eds. (2015). Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values: A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
de Visser, S., Thébault, E., and de Ruiter, P. C. (2013). “Ecosystem Engineers, Keystone Species,” in Ecological Systems: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, ed. R. Leemans (New York, NY: Springer), 59–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017). Looped Trajectories Make Quantum Superposition Even Stranger. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Airport Financing: Information on Airport Fees Paid by Airlines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallardo-Macias, R. (2009). Tin (II) compounds as novel catalysts for the Kabachnik-Fields reaction: Studies in the synthesis of alpha-aminophosphonates under solvent free conditions and Synthesis of phosphonates and phosphates as reversible and irreversible inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002). Game and the Season End In Frustration for the Power. New York Times, 85.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayo, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Perutz and Windle, 2001; Mayo, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perutz and Windle, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Karbowski et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroenergetics
AbbreviationFront. Neuroenergetics
ISSN (online)1662-6427
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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