How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroenergetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konacki, M. (2005). An extrasolar giant planet in a close triple-star system. Nature 436, 230–233.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veronin, M. A., and Youan, B.-B. C. (2004). Medicine. Magic bullet gone astray: medications and the Internet. Science 305, 481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bogorad, I. W., Lin, T.-S., and Liao, J. C. (2013). Synthetic non-oxidative glycolysis enables complete carbon conservation. Nature 502, 693–697.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, S., Vinegoni, C., Sebas, M., and Weissleder, R. (2014). Automated motion artifact removal for intravital microscopy, without a priori information. Sci. Rep. 4, 4507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoop, I., Billiet, J., Koch, A., and Fitzgerald, R. (2010). Improving Survey Response. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rodríguez, H. (2007). Handbook of Disaster Research. , eds. E. L. Quarantelli and R. R. Dynes New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Owen, L. A. (2014). “Himalayan Landscapes of India,” in Landscapes and Landforms of India World Geomorphological Landscapes., ed. V. S. Kale (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). You Really Can Be Drunk On Love. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Revisions Needed in Financial Management Policies of the Federal Government’s Automatic Data Processing Fund. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poyaoan-Linzaga, M. R. (2014). The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lovett, I., Healy, J., Schmidt, M. S., and Turkewitz, J. (2015). Friend Talked of Sleeper Cells Before Rampage. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konacki, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Veronin and Youan, 2004; Konacki, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veronin and Youan, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroenergetics
AbbreviationFront. Neuroenergetics
ISSN (online)1662-6427
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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