How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroenergetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L. (2014). Liver cancer. Nature 516, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, S. P., and Hestrin, S. (2009). Intracortical circuits of pyramidal neurons reflect their long-range axonal targets. Nature 457, 1133–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finkel, T., Deng, C.-X., and Mostoslavsky, R. (2009). Recent progress in the biology and physiology of sirtuins. Nature 460, 587–591.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Goodwin, A. L., Calleja, M., Conterio, M. J., Dove, M. T., Evans, J. S. O., Keen, D. A., et al. (2008). Colossal positive and negative thermal expansion in the framework material Ag3[Co(CN)6]. Science 319, 794–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wesley, L. D. (2010). Geotechnical Engineering in Residual Soils. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Torza, A. ed. (2015). Quantifiers, Quantifiers, and Quantifiers: Themes in Logic, Metaphysics, and Language. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rieke, G. H. (2008). “Formation and Evolution of Terrestrial Planets in Protoplanetary and Debris Disks,” in Exoplanets: Detection, Formation, Properties, Habitability, ed. J. W. Mason (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 89–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). These Five Optical Illusions Will Make You Doubt Your Own Eyes. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/here-are-five-optical-illusions-to-make-you-doubt-your-eyes/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Technology Assessment: Explosives Detection Technologies to Protect Passenger Rail. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, K. (2010). Manifesting archetypal energy through music.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (1998). Hyperion Using World’s Largest Mainsail. New York Times, 814.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Hestrin, 2009; Gravitz, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Hestrin, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Goodwin et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroenergetics
AbbreviationFront. Neuroenergetics
ISSN (online)1662-6427
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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