How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroenergetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2008). Beyond the Triangle. Nature 452, 908–909.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster, G. L., and Vance, D. (2006). Negligible glacial-interglacial variation in continental chemical weathering rates. Nature 444, 918–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wojtak, R., Hansen, S. H., and Hjorth, J. (2011). Gravitational redshift of galaxies in clusters as predicted by general relativity. Nature 477, 567–569.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lei, M., Podell, E. R., Baumann, P., and Cech, T. R. (2003). DNA self-recognition in the structure of Pot1 bound to telomeric single-stranded DNA. Nature 426, 198–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, G. F. (2010). Gravity-Driven Water Flow in Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chan, J. H., Ong, Y.-S., and Cho, S.-B. eds. (2010). Computational Systems-Biology and Bioinformatics: First International Conference, CSBio 2010, Bangkok, Thailand, November 3-5, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ali, H. E., and Sami, S. M. (2016). “Inequality, Economic Growth and Natural Resources Rent: Evidence From the Middle East and North Africa,” in Contemporary Issues in Microeconomics, eds. J. E. Stiglitz and M. Guzman (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 50–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroenergetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Astronomers Have Spotted Something Very, Very Strange Surrounding A Distant Star. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tillman, K. A. (2017). Constructing the Concept of Time: Roles of Perception, Language, and Culture.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S., and Kanter, J. (2017). Brexit Talks Stall as E.U. Presses Britain to Pay Up. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Foster and Vance, 2006; Ledford, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foster and Vance, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lei et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroenergetics
AbbreviationFront. Neuroenergetics
ISSN (online)1662-6427
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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