How to format your references using the Allergology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergology International (ALIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel JM. Rate that journal. Nature 2015;520(7545):119–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet E., Weiss R. Atmospheric science. Top-down versus bottom-up. Science 2010;328(5983):1241–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Antonovics J., Hood ME., Baker CH. Molecular virology: was the 1918 flu avian in origin? Nature 2006;440(7088):E9; discussion E9-10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hölker F., Beare D., Dörner H., di Natale A., Rätz H-J., Temming A., et al. Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science 2007;316(5829):1285; author reply 1285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scanlan EA. Fundraising Consultants, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Picher M., Boucher RC. Purinergic Regulation of Respiratory Diseases, vol. 55, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hung GMY., John NW., Hancock C., Hoshi T. Using and Validating Airborne Ultrasound as a Tactile Interface within Medical Training Simulators. In: Bello F, Cotin S, editors. Biomedical Simulation: 6th International Symposium, ISBMS 2014, Strasbourg, France, October 16-17, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 30–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergology International.

Blog post
Davis J. New “Hog-Nosed” Rat Discovered In Indonesia. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: To Enhance Education’s Monitoring and Research, More Charter School-Level Data Are Needed, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder K. Easing Stress by Helping Others: How Corporate Volunteer Programs Impact the Stress of Employees Within an Organization. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wihbey J., Beaudet M. Financial Disclosure, Wrapped in Secrecy. New York Times 2016:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergology International
AbbreviationAllergol. Int.
ISSN (print)1323-8930
ISSN (online)1440-1592
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

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