How to format your references using the Allergology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergology International (ALIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eyre-Walker A. Evolution. Size does not matter for mitochondrial DNA. Science 2006;312(5773):537–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ralph TC., Boyd RW. PHYSICS. Better computing with photons. Science 2007;318(5854):1251–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mason AC., Oshinsky ML., Hoy RR. Hyperacute directional hearing in a microscale auditory system. Nature 2001;410(6829):686–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Headland SE., Jones HR., D’Sa ASV., Perretti M., Norling LV. Cutting-edge analysis of extracellular microparticles using ImageStream(X) imaging flow cytometry. Sci Rep 2014;4:5237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levander CF. Where is American Literature?, Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Wanninger A. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 5: Ecdysozoa III: Hexapoda, 1st ed. 2015, Vienna: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Futer D., Kalfagianni E., Purcell J. I-Bundles and Essential Product Disks. In: Kalfagianni E, Purcell J, editors. Guts of Surfaces and the Colored Jones Polynomial, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergology International.

Blog post
Andrew E. Seals Caught Having Sex With Penguins. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Job Corps Program, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ross NJ. Facilitating shared understanding: A grounded theory for decision-making in pain management. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sehgal P. McPhee on McPhee: A Master’s Valedictory Lap. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergology International
AbbreviationAllergol. Int.
ISSN (print)1323-8930
ISSN (online)1440-1592
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles