How to format your references using the Allergology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergology International (ALIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korotev RL. Planetary science. A unique chunk of the Moon. Science 2004;305(5684):622–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gong F., Yanofsky C. Instruction of translating ribosome by nascent peptide. Science 2002;297(5588):1864–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Humayun M., Qin L., Norman MD. Geochemical evidence for excess iron in the mantle beneath Hawaii. Science 2004;306(5693):91–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsieh D., Qian D., Wray L., Xia Y., Hor YS., Cava RJ., et al. A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase. Nature 2008;452(7190):970–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker C., Fincham B. Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Donati ER., Sand W. Microbial Processing of Metal Sulfides, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Grünig R., Morschett D. Strategic planning of a domestic company as the starting point for going international. In: Morschett D, editor. Developing International Strategies: Going and Being International for Medium-sized Companies, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 65–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergology International.

Blog post
Andrew E. Biker Was IMPALED Through The Neck By A Tree Branch, And Just Cycled To The Nearest Hospital! IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Questions Concerning FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gopalappa C. Three essays on analytical models to improve early detection of cancer. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. In One Brief Moment, Rangers Finally Win Playoff Game at Home. New York Times 2017:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergology International
AbbreviationAllergol. Int.
ISSN (print)1323-8930
ISSN (online)1440-1592
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles