How to format your references using the Allergology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergology International (ALIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnabel J. Vaccines: chasing the dream. Nature 2011;475(7355):S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Litchinitser NM., Sun J. APPLIED OPTICS. Optical meta-atoms: Going nonlinear. Science 2015;350(6264):1033–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith HJ., Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink J., Coontz R. Carbon capture and sequestration. Clearing the air. Introduction. Science 2009;325(5948):1641.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Etchegaray J-P., Lee C., Wade PA., Reppert SM. Rhythmic histone acetylation underlies transcription in the mammalian circadian clock. Nature 2003;421(6919):177–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari S. Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models, Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Shively JM. Complex Intracellular Structures in Prokaryotes, vol. 2, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Chernus-Mansfield N. Breaking the News: The Role of the Physician. In: Wright KW, Spiegel PH, Thompson LS, editors. Handbook of Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology, New York, NY: Springer; 2006, p. 92–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergology International.

Blog post
Andrew E. Photographer and Leopard Seal Come Face-to-Face. IFLScience. Available from: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications Privacy: GSA’s Planned FTS 2000 Telephone Record Controls Appear Reasonable, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes-Kelly MD. Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Midsummer in Newtown. New York Times 2017:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergology International
AbbreviationAllergol. Int.
ISSN (print)1323-8930
ISSN (online)1440-1592
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles