How to format your references using the Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.T. Jackson, History of science. Alexander von Humboldt and the general physics of the Earth, Science. 324 (2009) 596–597.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Savaglio, V. Carbone, Scaling in athletic world records, Nature. 404 (2000) 244.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.E.I. Sha, X. Li, W.C.H. Choy, Breaking the space charge limit in organic solar cells by a novel plasmonic-electrical concept, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6236.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Nedjic, M. Aichinger, J. Emmerich, N. Mizushima, L. Klein, Autophagy in thymic epithelium shapes the T-cell repertoire and is essential for tolerance, Nature. 455 (2008) 396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Venkat, S. Baird, Liquidity Risk Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
H. Ohira, ed., The Liver in Systemic Diseases, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Zrodnikov, V. Korobeynikov, A. Chebeskov, B. Tikhomirov, MULTI-ATTRIBUTE ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE RESISTANCE TO NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROLIFERATION, in: S. Apikyan, D. Diamond (Eds.), Countering Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 63–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research.

Blog post
T. Hale, Mystery Of London’s 1952 Killer Fog Is Solved, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Competition: Challenges in Enhancing Competition in Dominated Markets, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Avila, Support and Resources for Homeless Families: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, Age Requirement At Chelsea Art Gallery: Over 60 Only, New York Times. (2017) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSensing and Bio-Sensing Research
AbbreviationSens. BioSensing Res.
ISSN (print)2214-1804

Other styles