How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuro-otology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuro-otology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunz, U. H. F. (2005). Chemistry. How are alkynes scrambled? Science 308, 216–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kreft, H., and Jetz, W. (2013). Comment on “An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world.” Science 341, 343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Avitabile, C., D’Andrea, L. D., and Romanelli, A. (2014). Circular Dichroism studies on the interactions of antimicrobial peptides with bacterial cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 4293.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gegenwart, P., Westerkamp, T., Krellner, C., Tokiwa, Y., Paschen, S., Geibel, C., et al. (2007). Multiple energy scales at a quantum critical point. Science 315, 969–971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheller-Sheridan, C. (2011). Basic Guide to Dental Instruments. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jaramillo, D. (2014). Virtualization Techniques for Mobile Systems. , eds. B. Furht and A. Agarwal Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Graepel, R., Bodkin, J. V., and Brain, S. D. (2010). “Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and the Sensory Neurovascular Component,” in Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders, eds. H. Sauer, A. M. Shah, and F. R. M. Laurindo (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press), 87–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuro-otology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). How Do Deadly Mites Trick Honeybees? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Public Transportation: Federal Role in Value Capture Strategies for Transit Is Limited, but Additional Guidance Could Help Clarify Policies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hankins, S. (2010). A policy analysis of the Americans with Disability Act of 1990.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016). Coachella Classic. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunz, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bunz, 2005; Kreft and Jetz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kreft and Jetz, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Gegenwart et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuro-otology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles