How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neural Circuits citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neural Circuits. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veevers, J. (2011). Geophysics: earth’s longest fossil rift-valley system. Nature 479, 304–306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, S. E., and Fenton, W. S. (2003). Medicine. What are the right targets for psychopharmacology? Science 299, 350–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, R. I., Turner, G. C., and Laurent, G. (2004). Transformation of olfactory representations in the Drosophila antennal lobe. Science 303, 366–370.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bais, H. P., Vepachedu, R., Gilroy, S., Callaway, R. M., and Vivanco, J. M. (2003). Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion: from molecules and genes to species interactions. Science 301, 1377–1380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wong, B. P., Mittal, A., Cao, Y., and Starr, G. (2005). Nano-CMOS Circuit and Physical Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jandial, R., and Chen, M. Y. eds. (2012). Regenerative Biology of the Spine and Spinal Cord. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Webb, S. D., and Dunbar, J. S. (2006). “Carbon Dates,” in First Floridians and Last Mastodons: The Page-Ladson Site in the Aucilla River, ed. S. D. Webb (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neural Circuits.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Australia’s Mammals Are On The Edge. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Government Programs and Organization Affecting Exports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marmolejo, R. (2013). Drop-in center for homeless veteran families: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M., and Harris, G. (2017). In Retaliation, U.S. Tells Russia to Shut Consulate And 2 Diplomatic Offices. New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Veevers, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman and Fenton, 2003; Veevers, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyman and Fenton, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bais et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neural Circuits
AbbreviationFront. Neural Circuits
ISSN (online)1662-5110
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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