How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neural Circuits citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neural Circuits. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savolainen, O. (2011). Evolution. The genomic basis of local climatic adaptation. Science 334, 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, S. H., and Bendelac, A. (2000). CD1-restricted T-cell responses and microbial infection. Nature 406, 788–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J. M., Barta, Z., and Houston, A. I. (2004). Variation in behaviour promotes cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game. Nature 428, 745–748.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chakrabarti, R., Celià-Terrassa, T., Kumar, S., Hang, X., Wei, Y., Choudhury, A., et al. (2018). Notch ligand Dll1 mediates cross-talk between mammary stem cells and the macrophageal niche. Science 360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, G. S. (2013). Straight to the Top. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sachse, A. (2015). OpenGeoSys-Tutorial: Computational Hydrology I: Groundwater Flow Modeling. , eds. K. Rink, W. He, and O. Kolditz Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lagorio, S. L., Vizán, H., and Geuna, S. E. (2016). “Palaeoreconstruction of Pangea During the Early Cretaceous, and Location of Volcanism in Córdoba and Misiones Provinces with Respect to Seismic Structures in the Lower Mantle,” in Early Cretaceous Volcanism in Central and Eastern Argentina During Gondwana Break-Up SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences., eds. H. Vizán and S. E. Geuna (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 123–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neural Circuits.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Turn Water Into Ice Instantly! IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Hazardous Materials: Federal Training for First Responders to Highway and Railroad Incidents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, H. (2017). Empathy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Exploring Teachers’ Perceptions, Understanding and Practices.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016). HBO Renews 3 Series. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savolainen, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Park and Bendelac, 2000; Savolainen, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Bendelac, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chakrabarti et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neural Circuits
AbbreviationFront. Neural Circuits
ISSN (online)1662-5110
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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