How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neural Circuits citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neural Circuits. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pemberton, S. (2014). Perspective: The fix is in. Nature 515, S165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meister, G., and Tuschl, T. (2004). Mechanisms of gene silencing by double-stranded RNA. Nature 431, 343–349.
A journal article with 3 authors
Back, J. M., McCue, S. W., and Moroney, T. J. (2014). Including nonequilibrium interface kinetics in a continuum model for melting nanoscaled particles. Sci. Rep. 4, 7066.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eastwood, G., Goodman, S. J., Cunningham, A. A., and Kramer, L. D. (2013). Aedes taeniorhynchus vectorial capacity informs a pre-emptive assessment of West Nile virus establishment in Galápagos. Sci. Rep. 3, 1519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson, R. L. (2016). Trading on Sentiment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Miesenberger, K., Karshmer, A., Penaz, P., and Zagler, W. eds. (2012). Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 13th International Conference, ICCHP 2012, Linz, Austria, July 11-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lipton, A. M., and Marshall, C. D. (2013). “Making the Most of the Doctor’s Visit,” in The Common Sense Guide to Dementia For Clinicians and Caregivers, ed. C. D. Marshall (New York, NY: Springer), 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neural Circuits.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). China’s Rising Emissions Offset U.S. Reductions in Ozone Pollution. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985). Improvements Needed in General Automated Data Processing Controls at the National Finance Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaplan, C. M. (2017). Understanding the Anxiolytic Effects of Alcohol on the Central Extended Amygdala in Humans.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2005). Arts, Briefly; New Home for Private Art. New York Times, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pemberton, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Meister and Tuschl, 2004; Pemberton, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meister and Tuschl, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Eastwood et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neural Circuits
AbbreviationFront. Neural Circuits
ISSN (online)1662-5110
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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