How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Ultrasonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Ultrasonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Laxminarayan R. Antibiotic effectiveness: balancing conservation against innovation. Science. 2014;345:1299–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Davis BR, Candotti F. Genetics. Mosaicism--switch or spectrum? Science. 2010;330:46–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Locher KP, Bass RB, Rees DC. Structural biology. Breaching the barrier. Science. 2003;301:603–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nishimura EK, Jordan SA, Oshima H, Yoshida H, Osawa M, Moriyama M, et al. Dominant role of the niche in melanocyte stem-cell fate determination. Nature. 2002;416:854–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Weinberg MA, Froum SJ. The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,; 2012.
An edited book
1. Klempe SH, Smith R, editors. Centrality of History for Theory Construction in Psychology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cornillon P-A, Hengartner N, Lefieux V, Matzner-Løber E. Fully Nonparametric Short Term Forecasting Electricity Consumption. In: Antoniadis A, Poggi J-M, Brossat X, editors. Modeling and Stochastic Learning for Forecasting in High Dimensions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 79–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Ultrasonics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Meet Butterfly, A Rare Sheep-Goat Hybrid. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Wood Utilization: Federal Research and Product Development Activities, Support, and Technology Transfer. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jun. Report No.: GAO-06-624.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kim JW. Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hayes S by T. The Way It Is. New York Times. 2017 Aug 11;MM15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Ultrasonics
AbbreviationJ. Med. Ultrason. (2001)
ISSN (print)1346-4523
ISSN (online)1613-2254
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles