How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Ultrasonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Ultrasonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Czeisler CA. Perspective: casting light on sleep deficiency. Nature. 2013;497:S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kuper A, Marks J. Anthropologists unite! Nature. 2011;470:166–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Levis RJ, Menkir GM, Rabitz H. Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses. Science. 2001;292:709–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vargas-Perez H, Ting-A Kee R, Walton CH, Hansen DM, Razavi R, Clarke L, et al. Ventral tegmental area BDNF induces an opiate-dependent-like reward state in naive rats. Science. 2009;324:1732–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dijksterhuis GB. Multivariate Data Analysis in Sensory and Consumer Science. Trumbull, Connecticut, USA: Food & Nutrition Press, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1. Wirsing M, Hofmann M, Rauschmayer A, editors. Trustworthly Global Computing: 5th International Symposium, TGC 2010, Munich, Germany, February 24-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Acharyya M. An Empirical Study on Enterprise Risk Management in Insurance. In: Olson DL, Wu D, editors. New Frontiers in Enterprise Risk Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 39–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Ultrasonics.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Fear Of Zombies In Medieval England Made People Do Some Barbaric Things [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/fear-of-zombies-in-medieval-england-made-people-do-some-barbaric-things/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Nanotechnology: Accuracy of Data on Federally Funded Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Could Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Apr. Report No.: GAO-08-709T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Barger B. A Quantitative Study of Educational Poverty, School Location, and Student Achievement Measured by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kanter J. E.U. Moves to Set Up Military Training. New York Times. 2017 Mar 6;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Ultrasonics
AbbreviationJ. Med. Ultrason. (2001)
ISSN (print)1346-4523
ISSN (online)1613-2254
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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