How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Ultrasonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Ultrasonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kitano H. Computational systems biology. Nature. 2002;420:206–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. West SA, Gardner A. Altruism, spite, and greenbeards. Science. 2010;327:1341–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Innocenti P, Morrow EH, Dowling DK. Experimental evidence supports a sex-specific selective sieve in mitochondrial genome evolution. Science. 2011;332:845–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Curran LM, Trigg SN, McDonald AK, Astiani D, Hardiono YM, Siregar P, et al. Lowland forest loss in protected areas of Indonesian Borneo. Science. 2004;303:1000–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Davison M. Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Dickinson SJ, Pizlo Z, editors. Shape Perception in Human and Computer Vision: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hormann V. Modelling Speciation and Distribution of Radionuclides in Agricultural Soils. In: Walther C, Gupta DK, editors. Radionuclides in the Environment: Influence of chemical speciation and plant uptake on radionuclide migration. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 81–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Ultrasonics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Genetically Modified Cows Show Increased Tuberculosis Resistance [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/genetically-modified-cows-show-increased-tuberculosis-resistance/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Use of Emergency Orders to Revoke or Suspend Operating Certificates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jul. Report No.: RCED-98-199.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gindin M. Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. The Best of Rivals And Best of Friends, Then and Always. New York Times. 2010 Aug 30;F10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Ultrasonics
AbbreviationJ. Med. Ultrason. (2001)
ISSN (print)1346-4523
ISSN (online)1613-2254
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles