How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hawks, J. (2001). The Y chromosome and the replacement hypothesis. Science 293, 567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roesch, M. R., and Olson, C. R. (2004). Neuronal activity related to reward value and motivation in primate frontal cortex. Science 304, 307–310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glover, J. D., Reganold, J. P., and Cox, C. M. (2012). Agriculture: Plant perennials to save Africa’s soils. Nature 489, 359–361.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Coles, V. J., Stukel, M. R., Brooks, M. T., Burd, A., Crump, B. C., Moran, M. A., et al. (2017). Ocean biogeochemistry modeled with emergent trait-based genomics. Science 358, 1149–1154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, L. S., Simões, R., Gervásio, H., and Couchman, G. (2015). Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Zseby, T., Savola, R., and Pistore, M. eds. (2010). Future Internet - FIS 2009: Second Future Internet Symposium, FIS 2009, Berlin, Germany, September 1-3, 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lefere, P., and Gryspeerdt, S. (2006). “The Alternative: Faecal Tagging,” in Virtual Colonoscopy: A Practical Guide Medical Radiology., eds. P. Lefere and S. Gryspeerdt (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 35–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Hubble Spots Odd Asteroid With Six Tails. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Railroad Bridges and Tunnels: Federal Role in Providing Safety Oversight and Freight Infrastructure Investment Could Be Better Targeted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moss, K. A. (2017). The Development and Diffusion of the Cult of Isis in the Hellenistic Period.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). Bill Penalizes Adults in Under-Age Drinking. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hawks, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hawks, 2001; Roesch and Olson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roesch and Olson, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Coles et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Mol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5099
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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