How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colglazier, W. (2015). SUSTAINABILITY. Sustainable development agenda: 2030. Science 349, 1048–1050.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minamishima, Y. A., and Kaelin, W. G., Jr (2010). Reactivation of hepatic EPO synthesis in mice after PHD loss. Science 329, 407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinther, J., Van Roy, P., and Briggs, D. E. G. (2008). Machaeridians are Palaeozoic armoured annelids. Nature 451, 185–188.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kopp, V. I., Churikov, V. M., Singer, J., Chao, N., Neugroschl, D., and Genack, A. Z. (2004). Chiral fiber gratings. Science 305, 74–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yao, Y., and Liu, S. (2014). Ultrasonic Technology for Desiccant Regeneration. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Kardel, T., and Maquet, P. eds. (2013). Nicolaus Steno: Biography and Original Papers of a 17th Century Scientist. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
De Leenheer, P., and Mens, T. (2008). “Using Graph Transformation to Support Collaborative Ontology Evolution,” in Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: Third International Symposium, AGTIVE 2007, Kassel, Germany, October 10-12, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Schürr, M. Nagl, and A. Zündorf (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 44–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). CRISPR Gene Editing Used To Edit Out Sickle Cell Mutation. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980). Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hylton, J. K. (2016). Scatter; Or, A Series or Minor Inconveniences.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). A 26-Year Dispute Over a Tower, With No End in Sight. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colglazier, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Minamishima and Kaelin, 2010; Colglazier, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minamishima and Kaelin, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kopp et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Mol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5099
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles