How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, S. H. (2001). What is “dangerous” climate change? Nature 411, 17–19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guerrero, I., and Ruiz i Altaba, A. (2003). Development. Longing for ligand: hedgehog, patched, and cell death. Science 301, 774–776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamaguchi, M., Shiga, M., and Kaburaki, H. (2005). Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system. Science 307, 393–397.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, F., Han, P., Liu, P., Si, N., Liu, J., and Liu, X. (2014). Activity of the novel fungicide SYP-Z048 against plant pathogens. Sci. Rep. 4, 6473.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F. G., Lambert, O., and Uhen, M. D. (2016). Cetacean Paleobiology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Iuliano, E., and Pérez, E. A. eds. (2016). Application of Surrogate-based Global Optimization to Aerodynamic Design. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Holleis, P., and Schmidt, A. (2008). “MakeIt: Integrate User Interaction Times in the Design Process of Mobile Applications,” in Pervasive Computing: 6th International Conference, Pervasive 2008 Sydney, Australia, May 19-22, 2008 Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. Indulska, D. J. Patterson, T. Rodden, and M. Ott (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 56–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Testing Life-Hacks With ‘Citizen Science’: Does Stainless Steel Really Get Rid Of Garlic Smells? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). Procedures and Policies of the Energy Research and Development Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas Hurford, C. E. (2010). “In his arm the scar”: Medicine, race, and the social implications of the 1721 inoculation controversy on Boston.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017). After Denouncing ‘Fake News,’ a Catalog of Falsehoods. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Schneider, 2001; Guerrero and Ruiz i Altaba, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guerrero and Ruiz i Altaba, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Mol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5099
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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