How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waxman, E. (2007). Neutrino astrophysics: a new tool for exploring the universe. Science 315, 63–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aanen, D. K., and Bisseling, T. (2014). Microbiology. The birth of cooperation. Science 345, 29–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stollewerk, A., Schoppmeier, M., and Damen, W. G. M. (2003). Involvement of Notch and Delta genes in spider segmentation. Nature 423, 863–865.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu, Y.-X., Sun, H.-C., Peng, Z. H., Miranowicz, A., Tsai, J. S., and Nori, F. (2014). Controllable microwave three-wave mixing via a single three-level superconducting quantum circuit. Sci. Rep. 4, 7289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akers, R. M. (2016). Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company.
An edited book
Fischer, X. (2011). Research in Interactive Design Vol. 3: Virtual, Interactive and Integrated Product Design and Manufacturing for Industrial Innovation. , ed. J.-P. Nadeau Paris: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Regenauer-Lieb, K., and Yuen, D. A. (2008). “Multiscale Brittle-Ductile Coupling and Genesis of Slow Earthquakes,” in Earthquakes: Simulations, Sources and Tsunamis, eds. K. F. Tiampo, D. K. Weatherley, and S. A. Weinstein (Basel: Birkhäuser), 523–543.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). These Two Black Holes Are On The Brink Of Merging Into One. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Software Development: Effective Practices and Federal Challenges in Applying Agile Methods. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, R. E. (2012). Examining the relationship between self-initiated expatriation and cross-cultural adjustment among expatriate spouses within nonprofit organizations: A quantitative causal-comparative study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017). Picking Fights, Dropping Names. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Waxman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Waxman, 2007; Aanen and Bisseling, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aanen and Bisseling, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Mol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5099
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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