How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Julienne, P. S. (2014). Low-temperature physics: Chaos in the cold. Nature 507, 440–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Voss, D., and Coontz, R. (2008). Cosmic web. Warp and woof. Introduction to special issue. Science 319, 46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bard, E., Rostek, F., and Ménot-Combes, G. (2004). Paleoclimate. A better radiocarbon clock. Science 303, 178–179.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Joo, H.-Y., Zhai, L., Yang, C., Nie, S., Erdjument-Bromage, H., Tempst, P., et al. (2007). Regulation of cell cycle progression and gene expression by H2A deubiquitination. Nature 449, 1068–1072.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter, M., and Bentley, S. P. (2016). Soil Properties and their Correlations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
van den Berg, M. A., and Maruthachalam, K. eds. (2015). Genetic Transformation Systems in Fungi, Volume 2. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruns, D., Klebanov, V., and Schaefer, I. (2011). “Verification of Software Product Lines with Delta-Oriented Slicing,” in Formal Verification of Object-Oriented Software: International Conference, FoVeOOS 2010, Paris, France, June 28-30, 2010, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. Beckert and C. Marché (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Permafrost-Eating Bacteria: A New Twist On Thawing Arctic And Global Warming. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Civil Service Commission Should Correct Weaknesses in Its Automatic Data Processing Policies and Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reese, S. R. (2012). Transitioning to the oboe: Methods and resources to assist in switching to the oboe from other woodwind instruments.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Medellín, R. A., Melnick, D. J., and Pearl, M. C. (2014). Protect Our Bats. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Julienne, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Julienne, 2014; Voss and Coontz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Voss and Coontz, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Joo et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Mol. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5099
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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