How to format your references using the Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fink, D. W., Jr (2009). FDA regulation of stem cell-based products. Science 324, 1662–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Graaf, J., and Manna, L. (2012). Materials science. A roadmap for the assembly of polyhedral particles. Science 337, 417–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Du, M., Wang, Z., and Hu, H. (2013). Measuring memory with the order of fractional derivative. Sci. Rep. 3, 3431.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tian, Y., Stroppa, A., Chai, Y., Yan, L., Wang, S., Barone, P., et al. (2014). Cross coupling between electric and magnetic orders in a multiferroic metal-organic framework. Sci. Rep. 4, 6062.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burger, M., Graeber, B., and Schindlmayr, G. (2014). Managing Energy Risk. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yun, L. (2010). WIG Craft and Ekranoplan: Ground Effect Craft Technology. , eds. A. Bliault and J. Doo Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, M. K.-T., and Chan, K.-B. (2013). “The Beginning of the Chasing Game,” in Online Dating as A Strategic Game: Why and How Men in Hong Kong Use QQ to Chase Women in Mainland China, ed. K.-B. Chan (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 95–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Scientists Discover The World’s Largest Sea Sponge. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Special Education: Additional Assistance and Better Coordination Needed among Education Offices to Help States Meet the NCLBA Teacher Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy, K. T. (2016). A Heuristic Study of Religious Spirituality and Meaningful Work.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017). Before Prison, Producer Recalls Fateful Night. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mátyás, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Dlakic, 2001; Jorgensen, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Graaf and Manna, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Thibault-Starzyk et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles