How to format your references using the Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Take your partner by the hand. Nature 435, 1281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vert, G., and Chory, J. (2006). Downstream nuclear events in brassinosteroid signalling. Nature 441, 96–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fine, P. V. A., Mesones, I., and Coley, P. D. (2004). Herbivores promote habitat specialization by trees in Amazonian forests. Science 305, 663–665.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huyen, Y., Zgheib, O., Ditullio, R. A., Jr, Gorgoulis, V. G., Zacharatos, P., Petty, T. J., et al. (2004). Methylated lysine 79 of histone H3 targets 53BP1 to DNA double-strand breaks. Nature 432, 406–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Runcie, T., and Dochtermann, M. (2013). Making Effective Business Decisions Using Microsoft Project. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pereira, N. (2015). Design and Implementation of Sigma Delta Modulators (ΣΔM) for Class D Audio Amplifiers using Differential Pairs. , ed. N. Paulino Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y., Zhang, J., Wang, Q., Lv, F., and Chen, K. (2015). “Compressive Spectrum Sensing Based on Sparse Sub-band Basis in Wireless Sensor Network,” in Advances in Wireless Sensor Networks: The 8th China Conference, CWSN 2014, Xi’an, China, October 31--November 2, 2014. Revised Selected Papers Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. L. Sun, H. Ma, D. Fang, J. Niu, and W. Wang (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 52–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Explore Plants and Insects Magnified Thousands of Times! IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/explore-plants-and-insects-magnified-thousands-times/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). U.S. Airports: Selected Airports’ Views on Federal Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Werbeck, K.-U. (2012). From rubble to revolutions and raves: Literary interrogations of German media ecologies.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017). Finally, From Italy, Washington In the Buff. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2005; Vert and Chory, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vert and Chory, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Huyen et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
ScopePhysiology
Physiology (medical)

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