How to format your references using the Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kürti, L. (2015). Organic chemistry. Streamlining amine synthesis. Science 348, 863–864.
A journal article with 2 authors
Majumder, M. A., and Cohen, C. B. (2009). Research ethics. The NIH draft guidelines on human stem cell research. Science 324, 1648–1649.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alves, J. F., Lada, C. J., and Lada, E. A. (2001). Internal structure of a cold dark molecular cloud inferred from the extinction of background starlight. Nature 409, 159–161.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mooley, K. P., Nakar, E., Hotokezaka, K., Hallinan, G., Corsi, A., Frail, D. A., et al. (2018). A mildly relativistic wide-angle outflow in the neutron-star merger event GW170817. Nature 554, 207–210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter, K. B. (2014). Actionable Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Werle, G., Fernandez, L., and Vormbaum, M. eds. (2014). Africa and the International Criminal Court. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, B., and Jia, W. (2014). “ABA Transport and Distribution in Relation to Its Function in Plants,” in Abscisic Acid: Metabolism, Transport and Signaling, ed. D.-P. Zhang (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). Private Company Wants To Use The ISS To Build A Commercial Space Station. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Money and Simplify Program Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koenig, W. E. (2010). Leadership for the whole in the mythic field of C. G. Jung’s unconscious processes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, W. (2016). Want to Relax at Park or Pool in New York? Join the Crowd. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kürti, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Majumder and Cohen, 2009; Kürti, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Majumder and Cohen, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mooley et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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