How to format your references using the Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2015). Change the cancer conversation. Nature 520, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tseng, C.-K., and Cheng, S.-C. (2008). Both catalytic steps of nuclear pre-mRNA splicing are reversible. Science 320, 1782–1784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, T., Hashmi, A., and Hong, J. (2014). Transparent half metallic g-C4N3 nanotubes: potential multifunctional applications for spintronics and optical devices. Sci. Rep. 4, 6059.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, J. S., Choi, S. H., Yun, S. J., Kim, Y. I., Boandoh, S., Park, J.-H., et al. (2018). Wafer-scale single-crystal hexagonal boron nitride film via self-collimated grain formation. Science 362, 817–821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summers, N. (2010). Managing Social Service Staff for Excellence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nagel, W. E., Kröner, D. H., and Resch, M. M. eds. (2013). High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ‘12: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eysenbach, G. (2005). “Using the Internet for Surveys and Research,” in Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems Health Informatics., eds. J. G. Anderson and C. E. Aydin (New York, NY: Springer), 129–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). South African rhino poaching hits all-time high in 2013. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). U.S. Statistics on International Technology Transfer: Need for Additional Measures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nesbit, P. R. (2014). Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles and Structure from Motion: A fresh approach to photogrammetry.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006). Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Saturday. New York Times, 14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Tseng and Cheng, 2008; Macilwain, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tseng and Cheng, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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