How to format your references using the Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cifelli, R. L. (2015). Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska (1925-2015). Nature 520, 158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ridderinkhof, K. R., and van den Wildenberg, W. P. M. (2005). Neuroscience. Adaptive coding. Science 307, 1059–1060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Șenbabaoğlu, Y., Michailidis, G., and Li, J. Z. (2014). Critical limitations of consensus clustering in class discovery. Sci. Rep. 4, 6207.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Magain, P., Letawe, G., Courbin, F., Jablonka, P., Jahnke, K., Meylan, G., et al. (2005). Discovery of a bright quasar without a massive host galaxy. Nature 437, 381–384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodgers, N. (2000). Learning to Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Art, L. (2007). Dynamic Programming: A Computational Tool. , ed. H. Mauch Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eberli, G. P., and Westphal, H. (2010). “Summary: The Depositional Systems of the Bahamas, Belize Lagoon and The Gulf Compared,” in Carbonate Depositional Systems: Assessing Dimensions and Controlling Parameters: The Bahamas, Belize and the Persian/Arabian Gulf, eds. H. Westphal, B. Riegl, and G. P. Eberli (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 215–229.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Scientists Watch As Wasps Diverge To Become Separate Species. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). Intermodal Transportation: Results of GAO’s Survey on Air-Rail Connectivity (GAO-13-692SP, August 2013), an E-supplement to GAO-13-691. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans, B. (2013). An integrated program for homeless adults with co-occurring mental and subtance use disorders: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley, M. (2017). The Faintest of Praise for the President. New York Times, SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cifelli, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cifelli, 2015; Ridderinkhof and van den Wildenberg, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ridderinkhof and van den Wildenberg, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Magain et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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