How to format your references using the Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bakardjiev, A. (2015). Immunology: Stillbirth prevented by signal blockade. Nature 520, 627–628.
A journal article with 2 authors
Endow, S. A., and Higuchi, H. (2000). A mutant of the motor protein kinesin that moves in both directions on microtubules. Nature 406, 913–916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laine, E.-M., Breuer, H.-P., and Piilo, J. (2014). Nonlocal memory effects allow perfect teleportation with mixed states. Sci. Rep. 4, 4620.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chan, F., Barth, J. A., Lubchenco, J., Kirincich, A., Weeks, H., Peterson, W. T., et al. (2008). Emergence of anoxia in the California current large marine ecosystem. Science 319, 920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machin, D., and Campbell, M. J. (2005). Design of Studies for Medical Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Huynh, V.-N., Inuiguchi, M., and Demoeux, T. eds. (2015). Integrated Uncertainty in Knowledge Modelling and Decision Making: 4th International Symposium, IUKM 2015, Nha Trang, Vietnam, October 15-17, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Krugman, S. D., and Lane, W. G. (2014). “Fatal Child Abuse,” in Handbook of Child Maltreatment Child Maltreatment., eds. J. E. Korbin and R. D. Krugman (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 99–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Messenger Spacecraft Detects Ancient Magnetic Field On Mercury. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Department of Education: Management of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pestano, A. C. (2017). The Utilization of a Web-Based Internet Application to Improve Access and Efficiency of In-Home Care Services Provided by Personal Care Aides.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Role Players Define the Dodgers, and Hernandez Has a Leading Part. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bakardjiev, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Endow and Higuchi, 2000; Bakardjiev, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Endow and Higuchi, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Membrane Physiology and Biophysics
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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