How to format your references using the Vehicular Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vehicular Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Cohen-Cory, The developing synapse: construction and modulation of synaptic structures and circuits, Science. 298 (2002) 770–776.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Maselli, F. Trincardi, Man made deltas, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1926.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.F. Pettifer, S.P. Collins, D. Laundy, Quadrupole transitions revealed by Borrmann spectroscopy, Nature. 454 (2008) 196–199.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Takeda, C. Gapper, H. Kaya, E. Bell, K. Kuchitsu, L. Dolan, Local positive feedback regulation determines cell shape in root hair cells, Science. 319 (2008) 1241–1244.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Mitola III, Software Radio Architecture, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA, 2002.
An edited book
A.H.M. Hofstede, W.M.P. Aalst, M. Adams, N. Russell, eds., Modern Business Process Automation: YAWL and its Support Environment, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Tabu, N. Bizen, T. Taga, S. Tanaka, Gene Regulation of Prominin-1 (CD133) in Normal and Cancerous Tissues, in: D. Corbeil (Ed.), Prominin-1 (CD133): New Insights on Stem & Cancer Stem Cell Biology, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 73–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vehicular Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, In Focus: New Horizons’ Crisp Images Shed New Light On The Origins Of Pluto And Its Moons, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Error in the Pell Grant Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.R. Mott, Sun compass orientation in juvenile green sea turtles, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, A No. 2 Theater Company Grabs the State Spotlight, New York Times. (2011) A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVehicular Communications
ISSN (print)2214-2096

Other styles