How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harrison, S. C. (2010). Virology. Looking inside adenovirus. Science 329, 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joanicot, M., and Ajdari, A. (2005). Applied physics. Droplet control for microfluidics. Science 309, 887–888.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng, J., Wang, Y., and Li, C. (2011). Transitional mammalian middle ear from a new Cretaceous Jehol eutriconodont. Nature 472, 181–185.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Charras, G. T., Yarrow, J. C., Horton, M. A., Mahadevan, L., and Mitchison, T. J. (2005). Non-equilibration of hydrostatic pressure in blebbing cells. Nature 435, 365–369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, D. S. (2012). Why Plato Wrote. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Nilsson, A. (2016). Vibro-Acoustics, Volume 3. 2nd ed. 2016. , ed. B. Liu Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pradel, C. (2015). “Winged Immortals and Heavenly Beings Across the East Asian Skies,” in Spirits in Transcultural Skies: Auspicious and Protective Spirits in Artefacts and Architecture Between East and West Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context., eds. N. Gutschow and K. Weiler (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 99–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). This Wooden Carving Is Twice As Old As The Pyramids. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Freight Railroads: Highlights of GAO Report on Freight Rail Industry Performance, Competition, and Capacity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker, M. T. (2009). Structure-property stress state dependent relationships under varying strain rates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). A Tournament Filled With Hope and Grace and Wind. New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harrison, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Joanicot and Ajdari, 2005; Harrison, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joanicot and Ajdari, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Charras et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Integr. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5145
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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