How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strome, S. (2011). Neuroscience. Toward reprogramming gonads to brains. Science 331, 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maher, K., and Chamberlain, C. P. (2014). Hydrologic regulation of chemical weathering and the geologic carbon cycle. Science 343, 1502–1504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Titus, T. N., Kieffer, H. H., and Christensen, P. R. (2003). Exposed water ice discovered near the south pole of Mars. Science 299, 1048–1051.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nam, S.-W., Qian, C., Kim, S. H., van Noort, D., Chiam, K.-H., and Park, S. (2013). C. elegans sensing of and entrainment along obstacles require different neurons at different body locations. Sci. Rep. 3, 3247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhm, M. (2005). Symmetrien in Festkörpern. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Blanc-Talon, J., Philips, W., Popescu, D., and Scheunders, P. eds. (2007). Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems: 9th International Conference, ACIVS 2007, Delft, The Netherlands, August 28-31, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsirikos, A. I. (2011). “Congenital Deformities of the Spine,” in Non-Idiopathic Spine Deformities in Young Children, ed. M. Yazici (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 45–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Scientists Discover Effective Strategy To Switch Off Autoimmunity. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). SEC: EDGAR Dissemination Update. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Ros, K. M. (2008). A content analysis of television ads: Does current practice maximize cognitive processing?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). Obliviously, Wentz Fuels The Eagles’ Giddy Rise. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strome, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Strome, 2011; Maher and Chamberlain, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maher and Chamberlain, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nam et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Integr. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5145
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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