How to format your references using the Frontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz-Casares, M. (2014). Mental health: Tailor informed-consent processes. Nature 513, 304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ding, B., and Seeman, N. C. (2006). Operation of a DNA robot arm inserted into a 2D DNA crystalline substrate. Science 314, 1583–1585.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamashita, Y. M., Jones, D. L., and Fuller, M. T. (2003). Orientation of asymmetric stem cell division by the APC tumor suppressor and centrosome. Science 301, 1547–1550.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klein-Seetharaman, J., Oikawa, M., Grimshaw, S. B., Wirmer, J., Duchardt, E., Ueda, T., et al. (2002). Long-range interactions within a nonnative protein. Science 295, 1719–1722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vorbrüggen, H. (2005). Silicon-Mediated Transformations of Functional Groups. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Felleisen, M., and Gardner, P. eds. (2013). Programming Languages and Systems: 22nd European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2013, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2013, Rome, Italy, March 16-24, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marelli, E., and Signorelli, M. (2010). “Transition, Regional Features, Growth and Labour Market Dynamics,” in The Labour Market Impact of the EU Enlargement: A New Regional Geography of Europe? AIEL Series in Labour Economics., eds. F. E. Caroleo and F. Pastore (Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD), 99–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Parasitic Worm Discovered In Ancient Tomb. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Environmental Satellites: Strategy Needed to Sustain Critical Climate and Space Weather Measurements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katz, R. L. (2014). Graduate nursing students’ perceptions regarding caring for patients with HIV.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Bumgarner and Big Blast Leave Mets Blanked and Blue. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruiz-Casares, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ding and Seeman, 2006; Ruiz-Casares, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ding and Seeman, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Klein-Seetharaman et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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