How to format your references using the Frontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchhoff, F. (2010). Neuroscience. Questionable calcium. Science 327, 1212–1213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Denton, M., and Marshall, C. (2001). Protein folds: laws of form revisited. Nature 410, 417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshimura, K., Onda, Y., and Fukushima, T. (2014). Sediment particle size and initial radiocesium accumulation in ponds following the Fukushima DNPP accident. Sci. Rep. 4, 4514.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Leakey, M. G., Spoor, F., Brown, F. H., Gathogo, P. N., Kiarie, C., Leakey, L. N., et al. (2001). New hominin genus from eastern Africa shows diverse middle Pliocene lineages. Nature 410, 433–440.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruckmongathan, T. N. (2014). Addressing Techniques of Liquid Crystal Displays. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Malczewski, J. (2015). Multicriteria Decision Analysis in Geographic Information Science. , ed. C. Rinner Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hekkala, R., Heiskanen, A., and Rossi, M. (2015). “The Role of Social Capital as Antecedent in Clan Formation in Information Systems Outsourcing Project,” in Achieving Success and Innovation in Global Sourcing: Perspectives and Practices: 9th Global Sourcing Workshop 2015, La Thuile, Italy, February 18-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing., eds. I. Oshri, J. Kotlarsky, and L. P. Willcocks (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 83–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). Carnivorous Bats Evolved Special Skulls. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983). Assessment of Bilateral Telecommunications Agreements With Japan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon-Owens, N. L. (2010). Southern Virginia Higher Education Center: An exploration of factors affecting organizational leadership.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Battered but Persevering, Mets Reach the Threshold of the Postseason. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirchhoff, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Denton and Marshall, 2001; Kirchhoff, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Denton and Marshall, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Leakey et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Impulsivity, Compulsivity and Behavioral Dyscontrol
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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