How to format your references using the Movement Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Movement Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Vanclay JK. The effectiveness of parks. Science. 2001;293:1007.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. McEvoy MA, Correll N. Materials science. Materials that couple sensing, actuation, computation, and communication. Science. 2015;347:1261689.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Peltier WR, Liu Y, Crowley JW. Snowball Earth prevention by dissolved organic carbon remineralization. Nature. 2007;450:813–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lendvai B, Stern EA, Chen B, Svoboda K. Experience-dependent plasticity of dendritic spines in the developing rat barrel cortex in vivo. Nature. 2000;404:876–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cabaniss DL, Cherry S, Douglas CJ, Schwartz A. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Hainzelin É, editor. Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wilding JPH. Sibutramine. In: Wilding JPH, editor. Pharmacotherapy of Obesity. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008. p. 59–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Movement Ecology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Do You Really Want To Know How Much Pee Is In A Public Swimming Pool? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: More Robust DOT Oversight of Guardrails and Other Roadside Hardware Could Further Enhance Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Jun. Report No.: GAO-16-575.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Holbert M. Knowledge is power (KIP): Kinship caregiver support group program curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Johnson G. When Radiation Isn’t the Risk. New York Times. 2015 Sep 22;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMovement Ecology
AbbreviationMov. Ecol.
ISSN (online)2051-3933

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