How to format your references using the Movement Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Movement Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ando K. Materials science. Seeking room-temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors. Science. 2006;312:1883–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Patel S, Cone RD. Neuroscience: a cellular basis for the munchies. Nature. 2015;519:38–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bi X, Corpina RA, Goldberg J. Structure of the Sec23/24-Sar1 pre-budding complex of the COPII vesicle coat. Nature. 2002;419:271–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Moro R, Xu X, Yin S, de Heer WA. Ferroelectricity in free niobium clusters. Science. 2003;300:1265–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Silverstein D, Samuel P, Decarlo N. The Innovator’s Toolkit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1. Esposito C, Guys JM, Gough D, Savanelli A, editors. Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction: Diagnosis, Treatment, Long-Term Follow-up. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Evgen’ev MB, Garbuz DG, Zatsepina OG. Heat Shock Proteins and Adaptation to Variable and Extreme Environments. In: Garbuz DG, Zatsepina OG, editors. Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Adaptation to Extreme Environments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 59–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Movement Ecology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Researchers Uncover A Fourth Ancestral “Tribe” To Modern Europeans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: FAA’s Deployments of Equipment to Detect Traces of Explosives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Nov. Report No.: RCED-99-32R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Murray RW. The Florida Migrant Education Program: An analysis of programmatic and expenditure practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Salms-Moss S. Absolutely Final Delivery. New York Times. 2016 Jan 7;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMovement Ecology
AbbreviationMov. Ecol.
ISSN (online)2051-3933

Other styles