How to format your references using the Environmental Evidence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Evidence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Abbott A. How to make it in Moscow. Nature. 2007;448:983.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Smaglik P, Abbott A. Project offers free mouse sequence. Nature. 2000;407:663–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Campbell C, Shea K, Albert R. Network models. Comment on “Control profiles of complex networks.” Science. 2014;346:561.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Miyanishi M, Tada K, Koike M, Uchiyama Y, Kitamura T, Nagata S. Identification of Tim4 as a phosphatidylserine receptor. Nature. 2007;450:435–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Laykin E. Investigative Computer Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Vulpetti G. Solar Sails: A Novel Approach to Interplanetary Travel. 2nd ed. 2015. Johnson L, Matloff GL, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zeltz C, Lu N, Gullberg D. Integrin α11β1: A Major Collagen Receptor on Fibroblastic Cells. In: Gullberg D, editor. I Domain Integrins. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 73–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Evidence.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Bacterial-Inorganic Hybrid Ammonia Production Could Change Global Food Production [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/bacterial-inorganic-hybrid-ammonia-production-could-change-global-food-production/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Strategies for Addressing Financial and Competitive Problems in the Airline Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED-93-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fisher MD. The impact adult supervision, role models, and civic engagement has on the health status of adolescents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wilson M. A Manhunt That Began on Mulberry Street Ends in Florida. New York Times. 2017 Sep 13;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Evidence
ISSN (online)2047-2382
Scope

Other styles