How to format your references using the Environmental Evidence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Evidence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Myers S. Forensics offers career opportunities for the Sherlock Holmes of the future--and the work is far from elementary. Nature. 2003;421:872–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Noor E, Milo R. Evolution. Efficiency in evolutionary trade-offs. Science. 2012;336:1114–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. van Doorn GS, Edelaar P, Weissing FJ. On the origin of species by natural and sexual selection. Science. 2009;326:1704–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Riedl SJ, Li W, Chao Y, Schwarzenbacher R, Shi Y. Structure of the apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 bound to ADP. Nature. 2005;434:926–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smaini L. RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Spreemann D. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices: Architectures, Design, Modeling and Optimization. Manoli Y, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Burgess LC. Provenance in Digital Libraries: Source, Context, Value and Trust. In: Lemieux VL, editor. Building Trust in Information: Perspectives on the Frontiers of Provenance. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 81–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Evidence.

Blog post
1. Taub B. We Have 100 Times More “Love Hormone” In Our Blood Than We Thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/we-have-100-times-more-love-hormone-blood-than-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Actions Needed to Improve Participant Support Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jun. Report No.: HRD-92-124.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lima AA. Racial and cultural identity formation of low-income Brazilian youth of African descent through their experiences and perceptions in formal and informal schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kercher S. From Pinup to Muse. New York Times. 2016 Mar 10;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Evidence
ISSN (online)2047-2382
Scope

Other styles