How to format your references using the Environmental Evidence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Evidence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Robbins M. Policy: Fuelling politics. Nature. 2011;474:S22-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Trenberth KE, Otto-Bliesner BL. Paleoclimate. Toward integrated reconstruction of past climates. Science. 2003;300:589–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thompson JK, Rainville S, Pritchard DE. Cyclotron frequency shifts arising from polarization forces. Nature. 2004;430:58–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vanlandewijck M, He L, Mäe MA, Andrae J, Ando K, Del Gaudio F, et al. A molecular atlas of cell types and zonation in the brain vasculature. Nature. 2018;554:475–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brown H, Prescott R. Applied Mixed Models in Medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Looi C-K, Teh LW, editors. Scaling Educational Innovations. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zhou Y, Evans D. Protecting Private Web Content from Embedded Scripts. In: Atluri V, Diaz C, editors. Computer Security – ESORICS 2011: 16th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Leuven, Belgium, September 12-14,2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 60–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Evidence.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Scientists Think They Know Why Beagle 2 Didn’t Send A Signal Back From Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-think-they-know-why-beagle-2-didnt-send-a-signal-back-from-mars/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Progress Mixed In Addressing Critical Success Factors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ethridge G. Determining the variables that contribute to job tenure for people with psychiatric disabilities participating in an evidenced-based supported employment program [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Musical Theater Loses A Versatile Voice. New York Times. 2017 Sep 11;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Evidence
ISSN (online)2047-2382
Scope

Other styles