How to format your references using the Bangladesh Journal of Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bangladesh Journal of Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brophy PJ. Microbiology. Subversion of Schwann cells and the leper’s bell. Science. 2002 May 3;296(5569):862–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Topisirovic I, Sonenberg N. Cell biology. Burn out or fade away? Science. 2010 Mar 5;327(5970):1210–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia Y, Sanchez JA, Wangh LJ. Kinetic hairpin oligonucleotide blockers for selective amplification of rare mutations. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 1;4:5921.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dundas CM, Bramson AM, Ojha L, Wray JJ, Mellon MT, Byrne S, et al. Exposed subsurface ice sheets in the Martian mid-latitudes. Science. 2018 Jan 12;359(6372):199–201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halloran M, Thies C. The Social Media Handbook for Financial Advisors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Brabazon T, editor. Play: A Theory of Learning and Change. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. VI, 235 p. 16 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagter R, Proper HA, Witte D. Developing the GEA Method – Design Science and Case-Study Research in Action. In: Franch X, Soffer P, editors. Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAiSE 2013 International Workshops, Valencia, Spain, June 17-21, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 43–57. (van der Aalst W, Mylopoulos J, Rosemann M, Shaw MJ, Szyperski C, editors. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bangladesh Journal of Child Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Nearby Star Has Three Planets Slightly Larger Than Earth, With One In Habitable Zone [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Management: SBA Needs to Establish Policies and Procedures for Key IT Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 May. Report No.: AIMD-00-170.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson BD. Application of systems engineering principles for analysis of utility baseline development process [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B, Alter A. Ever Reticent, Nobel Laureate Dylan Maintains Silence. New York Times. 2016 Oct 17;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBangladesh Journal of Child Health
AbbreviationBanglad. J. Child Health
ISSN (print)0257-3490

Other styles