How to format your references using the Frontiers in Hematology Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Hematology Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amaratunga, G. A. J. (2002). Applied physics. A dawn for carbon electronics? Science 297, 1657–1658.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibbs, R. A., and Nelson, D. L. (2003). Human genetics. Primate shadow play. Science 299, 1331–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buhr, E. D., Yoo, S.-H., and Takahashi, J. S. (2010). Temperature as a universal resetting cue for mammalian circadian oscillators. Science 330, 379–385.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
LaHaye, M. D., Buu, O., Camarota, B., and Schwab, K. C. (2004). Approaching the quantum limit of a nanomechanical resonator. Science 304, 74–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pederson, L. D. (2015). Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ma, Z. ed. (2006). Soft Computing in Ontologies and Semantic Web. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xidonas, P., Mavrotas, G., Krintas, T., Psarras, J., and Zopounidis, C. (2012). “Portfolio Optimization,” in Multicriteria Portfolio Management Springer Optimization and Its Applications., eds. G. Mavrotas, T. Krintas, J. Psarras, and C. Zopounidis (New York, NY: Springer), 57–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Hematology Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Activists Misuse Open Records Requests To Harass Researchers. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Department of Education: Opportunities to Realize Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shore, L. A. (2014). The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017). Dog Show? Whatever. New York Times, MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amaratunga, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Amaratunga, 2002; Gibbs and Nelson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gibbs and Nelson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (LaHaye et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Hematology Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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