How to format your references using the Frontiers in Hematology Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Hematology Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyun, I. (2006). Fair payment or undue inducement? Nature 442, 629–630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, M. K., and Liu, X. (2009). Archaeology. Origins of agriculture in East Asia. Science 324, 730–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dewar, J. M., Budzowska, M., and Walter, J. C. (2015). The mechanism of DNA replication termination in vertebrates. Nature 525, 345–350.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Camille, N., Coricelli, G., Sallet, J., Pradat-Diehl, P., Duhamel, J.-R., and Sirigu, A. (2004). The involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex in the experience of regret. Science 304, 1167–1170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratliff, T. A. (2005). The Laboratory Quality Assurance System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bersini, H., and Carneiro, J. eds. (2006). Artificial Immune Systems: 5th International Conference, ICARIS 2006, Oeiras, Portugal, September 4-6, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
On, C. K., Yao, T. K., Alfred, R., Ibrahim, A. A. A., Cheng, W., and Guan, T. T. (2016). “A Comparison of BPNN, RBF, and ENN in Number Plate Recognition,” in Soft Computing in Data Science: Second International Conference, SCDS 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 21-22, 2016, Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. M. W. Berry, A. Hj. Mohamed, and B. W. Yap (Singapore: Springer), 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Hematology Oncology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Please Stop Electrocuting Your Brains At Home, Say Neuroscientists. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). University Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Federally Funded Research Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payan Venegas, R. (2012). Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002). Taking Life to the Edge, And Spins and Jumps, Too. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyun, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hyun, 2006; Jones and Liu, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones and Liu, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Camille et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Hematology Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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