How to format your references using the Frontiers in Hematology Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Hematology Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pyne, S. J. (2001). Essays on science and society. The fires this time, and next. Science 294, 1005–1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, D., and Baverstock, K. (2006). Chernobyl and the future: too soon for a final diagnosis. Nature 440, 993–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Werner, S. L., Barken, D., and Hoffmann, A. (2005). Stimulus specificity of gene expression programs determined by temporal control of IKK activity. Science 309, 1857–1861.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Harper, K. L., Sosa, M. S., Entenberg, D., Hosseini, H., Cheung, J. F., Nobre, R., et al. (2018). Corrigendum: Mechanism of early dissemination and metastasis in Her2+ mammary cancer. Nature 553, 366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maini, A. K., and Agrawal, V. (2006). Satellite Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abielmona, R., Falcon, R., Zincir-Heywood, N., and Abbass, H. A. eds. (2016). Recent Advances in Computational Intelligence in Defense and Security. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Busnel, P., and Giroux, S. (2010). “Security, Privacy, and Dependability in Smart Homes: A Pattern Catalog Approach,” in Aging Friendly Technology for Health and Independence: 8th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2010, Seoul, Korea, June 22-24, 2010. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. Y. Lee, Z. Z. Bien, M. Mokhtari, J. T. Kim, M. Park, J. Kim, et al. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 24–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Hematology Oncology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Most Comprehensive Tree Of Life For 2.3 Million Species Created. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). HHS-Supported Research on Violence Prevention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, W. C. (2017). An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Critical Technology Developments and Technology Maturity.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). Rookies Impressed in N.F.L.’s Week 1. Don’t Get Too Excited. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pyne, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Pyne, 2001; Williams and Baverstock, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Baverstock, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Harper et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Hematology Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles