How to format your references using the Law, Culture and the Humanities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law, Culture and the Humanities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Spoor,
‘Palaeoanthropology: The middle Pliocene gets crowded’, Nature, 521, 2015, 432–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. A. Giljohann and C. A. Mirkin,
‘Drivers of biodiagnostic development’, Nature, 462, 2009, 461–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov and M. D. Lukin,
‘Stationary pulses of light in an atomic medium’, Nature, 426, 2003, 638–641.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
A. G. Millgate, B. J. Pogson, I. W. Wilson, T. M. Kutchan, M. H. Zenk, W. L. Gerlach, A. J. Fist and P. J. Larkin,
‘Analgesia: morphine-pathway block in top1 poppies’, Nature, 431, 2004, 413–414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Williams,
Managing Measurement Risk in Building and Civil Engineering (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015).
An edited book
N. Beldiceanu, N. Jussien and É. Pinson (eds.),
Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Contraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimzation Problems: 9th International Conference, CPAIOR 2012, Nantes, France, May 28 – June1, 2012. Proceedings (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012), p. XI, 409 p. 69 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
B.-A. Wickström,
‘Fairness, Rights, and Language Rights: On the Fair Treatment of Linguistic Minorities’, in P. Baake and R. Borck (eds), Public Economics and Public Choice: Contributions in Honor of Charles B. Blankart (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007), pp. 81–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law, Culture and the Humanities.

Blog post
J. Fang,
New Aluminum Battery Could Recharge Your Phone In Just One Minute, IFLScience, 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-aluminum-battery-charges-minute/. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office,
Congressional Oversight: Reality and Reform (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. G. Eldanaf,
Angry Cherub (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Herrman,
‘Fixation on Fake News Obscures a Waning Trust in Real Reporting’, New York Times, 2016, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference F. Spoor, ‘Palaeoanthropology: The middle Pliocene gets crowded’, Nature DXXI (2015), pp. 432–433.
This sentence cites two references F. Spoor, ‘Palaeoanthropology: The middle Pliocene gets crowded’, Nature DXXI (2015), pp. 432–433; D. A. Giljohann and C. A. Mirkin, ‘Drivers of biodiagnostic development’, Nature CDLXII (2009), pp. 461–464.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: A. G. Millgate, B. J. Pogson, I. W. Wilson, T. M. Kutchan, M. H. Zenk, W. L. Gerlach, A. J. Fist and P. J. Larkin, ‘Analgesia: morphine-pathway block in top1 poppies’, Nature CDXXXI (2004), pp. 413–414

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw, Culture and the Humanities
ISSN (print)1743-8721
ISSN (online)1743-9752
Scope

Other styles