How to format your references using the Law, Culture and the Humanities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law, Culture and the Humanities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Montanarella,
‘Agricultural policy: Govern our soils’, Nature, 528, 2015, 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. R. Mattila and T. D. Seeley,
‘Genetic diversity in honey bee colonies enhances productivity and fitness’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 317, 2007, 362–364.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Hoskinson, R. E. Packard and T. M. Haard,
‘Oscillatory motion: quantum whistling in superfluid helium-4’, Nature, 433, 2005, 376.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
E. W. Yu, G. McDermott, H. I. Zgurskaya, H. Nikaido and D. E. Koshland Jr,
‘Structural basis of multiple drug-binding capacity of the AcrB multidrug efflux pump’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 2003, 976–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. R. Vacca,
Optical Networking Best Practices Handbook (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2006).
An edited book
G. Hommel and S. Huanye (eds.),
Human Interaction with Machines: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop held at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, March 15–16, 2005 (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2006), p. XII, 188 p.
A chapter in an edited book
R. White,
‘Juvenile Justice and Youth Vulnerabilities’, in K. te Riele and R. Gorur (eds), Interrogating Conceptions of “Vulnerable Youth” in Theory, Policy and Practice (SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2015), pp. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law, Culture and the Humanities.

Blog post
S. Luntz,
Folk Contraceptive “Thunder God Vine” Contains Chemicals That Really Prevent Conception, IFLScience, 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/folk-contraceptive-thunder-god-vine-contains-chemicals-that-really-prevent-conception/. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office,
Subcontractor’s Problems With Prime Contractor at Kennedy Space Center (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Kolakoski,
The appeal to be heard and the trope of listening in classic film and African American literature (Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Johnson,
‘“Cheaters” Give Rise to Cancer’, New York Times, 2015, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference L. Montanarella, ‘Agricultural policy: Govern our soils’, Nature DXXVIII (2015), pp. 32–33.
This sentence cites two references L. Montanarella, ‘Agricultural policy: Govern our soils’, Nature DXXVIII (2015), pp. 32–33; H. R. Mattila and T. D. Seeley, ‘Genetic diversity in honey bee colonies enhances productivity and fitness’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXVII (2007), pp. 362–364.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: E. W. Yu, G. McDermott, H. I. Zgurskaya, H. Nikaido and D. E. Koshland Jr, ‘Structural basis of multiple drug-binding capacity of the AcrB multidrug efflux pump’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCC (2003), pp. 976–980

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw, Culture and the Humanities
ISSN (print)1743-8721
ISSN (online)1743-9752
Scope

Other styles