How to format your references using the Law, Culture and the Humanities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law, Culture and the Humanities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. C. Harrison,
‘Virology. Looking inside adenovirus’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 329, 2010, 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Q. Jin and S. Y. He,
‘Role of the Hrp pilus in type III protein secretion in Pseudomonas syringae’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 294, 2001, 2556–2558.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. J. Hamilton, R. S. Walker and D. C. Kesler,
‘Crash and rebound of indigenous populations in lowland South America’, Scientific Reports, 4, 2014, 4541.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
X. Shao, W. Lu, R. Zhang and F. Pan,
‘Enhanced photocatalytic activity of TiO₂-C hybrid aerogels for methylene blue degradation’, Scientific Reports, 3, 2013, 3018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Stone and J. D. Gutiérrez-Albilla,
A Companion to Luis Buñuel (Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2013).
An edited book
T. Binder, J. Löwgren and L. Malmborg (eds.),
(Re)Searching The Digital Bauhaus (Springer: London, 2009), p. IX, 371 p.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Qi, H. Lei, P. Jing, G. Fu, H. He and Q. Guo,
‘Laser Shearography Testing for Aircraft Composite and Honeycomb Components’, in J. Wang (ed), Proceedings of the First Symposium on Aviation Maintenance and Management-Volume I (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014), pp. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law, Culture and the Humanities.

Blog post
S. Luntz,
Award-Winning Chemist Works For Free After Funding Cutbacks, IFLScience, 2014. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/award-winning-chemist-works-free-after-funding-cutbacks/. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office,
Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Leadership and Partnerships Result in Limited Rollover Disruptions (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. L. Alai,
Development of a Sport-Specific Curriculum Addressing Selfefficacy to Optimize Carbohydrate and Calorie Intake Among Male and Female High School Cross-Country Runners (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
JULIA C. MEAD; Linda Saslow contributed reporting for this article,
‘A Grieving Family Questions a Police Policy’, New York Times, 2006, 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference S. C. Harrison, ‘Virology. Looking inside adenovirus’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXXIX (2010), pp. 1026–1027.
This sentence cites two references S. C. Harrison, ‘Virology. Looking inside adenovirus’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCCXXIX (2010), pp. 1026–1027; Q. Jin and S. Y. He, ‘Role of the Hrp pilus in type III protein secretion in Pseudomonas syringae’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCXCIV (2001), pp. 2556–2558.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Q. Jin and S. Y. He, ‘Role of the Hrp pilus in type III protein secretion in Pseudomonas syringae’, Science (New York, N.Y.) CCXCIV (2001), pp. 2556–2558
  • Three authors: M. J. Hamilton, R. S. Walker and D. C. Kesler, ‘Crash and rebound of indigenous populations in lowland South America’, Scientific reports IV (2014), p. 4541
  • Four or more authors: X. Shao, W. Lu, R. Zhang and F. Pan, ‘Enhanced photocatalytic activity of TiO₂-C hybrid aerogels for methylene blue degradation’, Scientific reports III (2013), p. 3018

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw, Culture and the Humanities
ISSN (print)1743-8721
ISSN (online)1743-9752
Scope

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