# How to format your references using the Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Blow, N.: Metabolomics: Biochemistry’s new look. Nature. 455, 697–700 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Eisenstein, J.P., Macdonald, A.H.: Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons in bilayer electron systems. Nature. 432, 691–694 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Alexander, M.H., Capecchi, G., Werner, H.-J.: Theoretical study of the validity of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation in the Cl + H2 --> HCl + H reaction. Science. 296, 715–718 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Prasad, K.D., Trinath, J., Biswas, A., Sekar, K., Balaji, K.N., Guru Row, T.N.: Anthrapyrazolone analogues intercept inflammatory JNK signals to moderate endotoxin induced septic shock. Sci. Rep. 4, 7214 (2014)

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Scott, D.M.: World Wide Rave. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
1.
Leventhal, R.G.: Semiconductor Modeling: For Simulating Signal, Power, and Electromagnetic Integrity. Springer US, Boston, MA (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sayaf, R., Clarke, D., Harper, R.: $$\mathrm{CPS}^2$$ : A Contextual Privacy Framework for Social Software. In: Tian, J., Jing, J., and Srivatsa, M. (eds.) International Conference on Security and Privacy in Communication Networks: 10th International ICST Conference, SecureComm 2014, Beijing, China, September 24-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. pp. 25–32. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
1.
Luntz, S.: South Pacific Island Uninhabited For 600 Years Is Drowning In Plastic, https://www.iflscience.com/environment/south-pacific-island-uninhabited-for-600-years-is-drowning-in-plastic/

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications Network: NASA Could Better Manage Its Planned Consolidation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Butler, M.L.: Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature, (2017)

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kaufman, M.T.: Lillian Ross Dies at 99; A New Yorker Reporter Whose Memoir Rankled, (2017)

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].