How to format your references using the Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carninci, P.: Genomics: mice in the ENCODE spotlight. Nature. 515, 346–347 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Coburn, W., Boggs, S.E.: Polarization of the prompt gamma-ray emission from the gamma-ray burst of 6 December 2002. Nature. 423, 415–417 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurya, S.R., Chaturvedi, D., Mahalakshmi, R.: Modulating lipid dynamics and membrane fluidity to drive rapid folding of a transmembrane barrel. Sci. Rep. 3, 1989 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sawai, Y., Satake, K., Kamataki, T., Nasu, H., Shishikura, M., Atwater, B.F., Horton, B.P., Kelsey, H.M., Nagumo, T., Yamaguchi, M.: Transient uplift after a 17th-century earthquake along the Kuril subduction zone. Science. 306, 1918–1920 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B.M.: Fundamentals of Ionized Gases. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2011)
An edited book
Dobrev, V. ed: Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics: Varna, Bulgaria, June 2013. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Fazio, N., Nicolosi, A.R., Perera, I.M.: Broadcast Steganography. In: Benaloh, J. (ed.) Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2014: The Cryptographer’s Track at the RSA Conference 2014, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 25-28, 2014. Proceedings. pp. 64–84. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
Fang, J.: LED Street Lights Thwart Moths’ Bat-Evading Tactics,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Benchmarking: Costly and Difficult, but Often Necessary When Buying Computer Equipment or Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katukuri, J.: Relationship Extraction and Link Discovery from Biomedical Literature, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Film Series, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence
AbbreviationAnn. Math. Artif. Intell.
ISSN (print)1012-2443
ISSN (online)1573-7470
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Applied Mathematics

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