How to format your references using the Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Tale of two surveys. Nature. 434, 539 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Yeates, T.O., Beeby, M.: Biochemistry. Proteins in a small world. Science. 314, 1882–1883 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Eswaramoorthy, S.K., Howe, J.M., Muralidharan, G.: In situ determination of the nanoscale chemistry and behavior of solid-liquid systems. Science. 318, 1437–1440 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, Y., Wang, H., Gao, M., Xu, S., Xu, X., Cao, X., Tao, Y.: Pre-pregnancy cytogenetic analysis of general couples in eastern China. Sci. Rep. 4, 7224 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, W.R., Friedman, E.A.: Labor and Delivery Care. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Tasić, A., Serdijn, W.A., Larson, L.E., Setti, G. eds: Circuits and Systems for Future Generations of Wireless Communications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Melo, P.S., Marcato, P.D., de Araújo, D.R., Durán, N.: In Vitro Cytotoxicity Assays of Nanoparticles on Different Cell Lines. In: Durán, N., Guterres, S.S., and Alves, O.L. (eds.) Nanotoxicology: Materials, Methodologies, and Assessments. pp. 111–123. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Scientists Transform Skin Cells Into Beating Heart Tissue And Brain Cells,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: National Airspace System: Assessment of FAA’s Efforts to Augment the Global Positioning System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, B.N.: Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L.: The Insider, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence
AbbreviationAnn. Math. Artif. Intell.
ISSN (print)1012-2443
ISSN (online)1573-7470
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Applied Mathematics

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