How to format your references using the Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M.: Disease: Closing the door on HIV. Nature. 528, S8-9 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives, A.R., Whitlock, M.C.: Ecology. Inbreeding and metapopulations. Science. 295, 454–455 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, S., Yuzenkova, Y., Zenkin, N.: Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination. Science. 340, 1577–1580 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kepecs, A., Uchida, N., Zariwala, H.A., Mainen, Z.F.: Neural correlates, computation and behavioural impact of decision confidence. Nature. 455, 227–231 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heller, D.: Hairspray. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Bock, H.G., Hoang, X.P., Rannacher, R., Schlöder, J.P. eds: Modeling, Simulation and Optimization of Complex Processes - HPSC 2012: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on High Performance Scientific Computing, March 5-9, 2012, Hanoi, Vietnam. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Jakovác, A., Patkós, A.: The Large-N Expansion. In: Patkós, A. (ed.) Resummation and Renormalization in Effective Theories of Particle Physics. pp. 97–138. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Scientists Want To Sequence The Genome Of Leonardo Da Vinci,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School Facilities: America’s Schools Not Designed or Equipped for 21st Century. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lundahl Philpot, E.: Social media adoption and use among information technology professionals and implications for leadership, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haberman, M., Mazzetti, M., Apuzzo, M.: Kushner is Said to Have Mulled Russia Channel, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence
AbbreviationAnn. Math. Artif. Intell.
ISSN (print)1012-2443
ISSN (online)1573-7470
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Applied Mathematics

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