How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Petroleum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Petroleum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.M. Delude, Deep phenotyping: The details of disease, Nature. 527 (2015) S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.X. Wang, M.-M. Poo, Requirement of TRPC channels in netrin-1-induced chemotropic turning of nerve growth cones, Nature. 434 (2005) 898–904.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.W. Dunn, L.B. Aknin, M.I. Norton, Spending money on others promotes happiness, Science. 319 (2008) 1687–1688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Maeda, S. Nakagawa, M. Suga, E. Yamashita, A. Oshima, Y. Fujiyoshi, T. Tsukihara, Structure of the connexin 26 gap junction channel at 3.5 A resolution, Nature. 458 (2009) 597–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.-E.M. Taha, H.S. Hassanein, N.A. Ali, LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
S. Ystad, M. Aramaki, R. Kronland-Martinet, K. Jensen, eds., Exploring Music Contents: 7th International Symposium, CMMR 2010, Málaga, Spain, June 21-24, 2010. Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
K.R. Dikshit, J.K. Dikshit, Relief Features of North-East India, in: J.K. Dikshit (Ed.), North-East India: Land, People and Economy, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 91–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Petroleum.

Blog post
J. Fang, New Fossil Provides Insight Into Shark Evolution, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Mass Transit: Many Management Successes at WMATA, but Capital Planning Could Be Enhanced, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.M. Dammann, Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, For Olympic Contenders, the Prefontaine Serves as a Tuneup and as a Barometer, New York Times. (2012) SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Petroleum
ISSN (print)1110-0621

Other styles