How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Petroleum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Petroleum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Norway: Turning oil into science, Nature. 417 (2002) 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.L. Hempstead, J.L. Salzer, Neurobiology. A glial spin on neurotrophins, Science. 298 (2002) 1184–1186.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Richard, C. Clanet, D. Quéré, Contact time of a bouncing drop, Nature. 417 (2002) 811.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.A. Watson, M. Su, G. Teverovskiy, Y. Zhang, J. García-Fortanet, T. Kinzel, S.L. Buchwald, Formation of ArF from LPdAr(F): catalytic conversion of aryl triflates to aryl fluorides, Science. 325 (2009) 1661–1664.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Saccone, G. Pesole, Handbook of Comparative Genomics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
F. Dammacco, D. Ribatti, A. Vacca, eds., Systemic Vasculitides: Current Status and Perspectives, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Wentz, M. Cirba, N. Kharal, J. Moran, M. Slate, Evaluating the Accessibility and Usability of Blogging Platforms for Blind Users, in: P. Langdon, J. Clarkson, P. Robinson, J. Lazar, A. Heylighen (Eds.), Designing Inclusive Systems: Designing Inclusion for Real-World Applications, Springer, London, 2012: pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Petroleum.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Common Lumps And Bumps On And Under The Skin: What Are They?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Better Oversight Would Reduce the Risk of Air Taxi Accidents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.M. Wester, Readers’ trust, socio-demographic, and acuity influences in citizen journalism credibility for disrupted online newspapers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Medina, In California, City Teeters On Brink of Bankruptcy, New York Times. (2012) A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Petroleum
ISSN (print)1110-0621

Other styles