How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wells, T. N. C. (2010). Microbiology. Is the tide turning for new malaria medicines? Science 329, 1153–1154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laage, D., and Hynes, J. T. (2006). A molecular jump mechanism of water reorientation. Science 311, 832–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, H., Wen, B., and Melnik, R. (2014). Relative importance of grain boundaries and size effects in thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline materials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7037.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gillooly, J. F., Brown, J. H., West, G. B., Savage, V. M., and Charnov, E. L. (2001). Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate. Science 293, 2248–2251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, M. (2015). Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Curry, G. L. (2009). Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis. , ed. R. M. Feldman Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian, H., Luo, X.-G., Han, Z., Hao, R., Wang, N., Jiang, Y., et al. (2012). “Identification and Characterization of Lactobacillus Planetarium TH1,” in Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing., eds. E. Zhu and S. Sambath (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 31–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How To Sail Through Space On Sunbeams – Solar Satellite Leads The Way. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Observations on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Fiscal Year 2000 Performance Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Araki, P. R. (2017). Golden Years Home Residential Care Facility for the Elderly.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, A. L. (2007). The Struggle to Move Beyond ‘Why Me?’ New York Times, F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wells, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Laage and Hynes, 2006; Wells, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laage and Hynes, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gillooly et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genitourinary Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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