How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norell, M. A. (2011). Paleontology. Fossilized feathers. Science 333, 1590–1591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Livio, M., and Rees, M. J. (2005). Cosmology. Anthropic reasoning. Science 309, 1022–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Religa, T. L., Sprangers, R., and Kay, L. E. (2010). Dynamic regulation of archaeal proteasome gate opening as studied by TROSY NMR. Science 328, 98–102.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, L., Lok, S.-M., Yu, I.-M., Zhang, Y., Kuhn, R. J., Chen, J., et al. (2008). The flavivirus precursor membrane-envelope protein complex: structure and maturation. Science 319, 1830–1834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Boucenna, M. L., and Batatia, H. (2015). Ad Hoc Networks Telecommunications and Game Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dunkelman, O. ed. (2012). Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2012: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2012, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 27 – March 2, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ebenstein, A. Y., and Jennings, E. (2009). “Bare Branches, Prostitution, and HIV in China: A~Demographic Analysis,” in Gender Policy and HIV in China: Catalyzing Policy Change The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis., eds. D. L. Poston, J. Tucker, Q. Ren, B. Gu, X. Zheng, S. Wang, et al. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 71–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Insect Bites Reveal Recovery From Dinosaur Extinction. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Total Quality Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ogawa, N. (2012). A Man Walks into the World.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Bullpen Surrenders Wheeler’s Lead, but the Mets Prevail. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norell, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Livio and Rees, 2005; Norell, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Livio and Rees, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genitourinary Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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