How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2001). Concern raised for missing biologist. Nature 414, 475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noble, A. J., and Stagg, S. M. (2015). STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. COPI gets a fancy new coat. Science 349, 142–143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn, F. A., Lankheet, M. J., and Rieke, F. (2007). Light adaptation in cone vision involves switching between receptor and post-receptor sites. Nature 449, 603–606.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, L., Ding, X., Cui, J., Xu, H., Chen, J., Gong, Y.-N., et al. (2011). Cysteine methylation disrupts ubiquitin-chain sensing in NF-κB activation. Nature 481, 204–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maini, A. K., and Agrawal, V. (2006). Satellite Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Scanlon, L. ed. (2011). “Becoming” a Professional: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Professional Learning. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Rao, K. R., and Paranjpe, A. C. (2016). “Mind–Body Complex,” in Psychology in the Indian Tradition, ed. A. C. Paranjpe (New Delhi: Springer India), 95–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). A Strangely Elongated Skull Of An Ancient Female Has Been Found In Korea. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). NASA: Major Management Challenges and Program Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krutsinger, R. (2014). Evaluation of Grassland Restoration Success in Illinois Using Indicators of Ecosystem Function.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). A Watershed Moment of Cinematic Terror. New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2001; Noble and Stagg, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noble and Stagg, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genitourinary Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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