How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, A. (2003). Intense equatorial flux spots on the surface of the Earth’s core. Nature 424, 760–763.
A journal article with 2 authors
French, S. W., and Romanowicz, B. (2015). Broad plumes rooted at the base of the Earth’s mantle beneath major hotspots. Nature 525, 95–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seibel, B. A., Robison, B. H., and Haddock, S. H. D. (2005). Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature 438, 929.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bhanu, U., Islam, M. R., Tetard, L., and Khondaker, S. I. (2014). Photoluminescence quenching in gold - MoS2 hybrid nanoflakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, L., and Tan, K. C. (2005). Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahmad, M. A., Shen, C., Srivastava, J., and Contractor, N. eds. (2014). Predicting Real World Behaviors from Virtual World Data. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Edge, C. S., Barker, C., and Schwiebert, E. (2010). “Controlling Network Traffic,” in Beginning Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server: From Solo Install to Enterprise Integration, eds. C. Barker and E. Schwiebert (Berkeley, CA: Apress), 149–172.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Two Children in Every Class Start School With An Unexplained Language Disorder. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Health Information Technology: HHS Is Taking Steps to Develop a National Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelby, K. R. (2013). Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hughes, O., and Kelly, C. (2010). It’s Enough to Make the Generous Turn Grinchy. New York Times, MB9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jackson, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (French and Romanowicz, 2015; Jackson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (French and Romanowicz, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bhanu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genitourinary Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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