How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Making the switch. Nature 430, 811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, M. R., and Ingram, W. J. (2002). Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle. Nature 419, 224–232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui, M., Emrick, T., and Russell, T. P. (2013). Stabilizing liquid drops in nonequilibrium shapes by the interfacial jamming of nanoparticles. Science 342, 460–463.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu, Y., Hu, W., Murakawa, Y., Yin, J., Wang, G., Landthaler, M., et al. (2013). Cold-induced RNA-binding proteins regulate circadian gene expression by controlling alternative polyadenylation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare, D. M. (2011). Electric Power Generation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Woodruff, T. K., Zoloth, L., Campo-Engelstein, L., and Rodriguez, S. eds. (2010). Oncofertility: Ethical, Legal, Social, and Medical Perspectives. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Christen, M., and Ott, T. (2013). “Quantified Coherence of Moral Beliefs as Predictive Factor for Moral Agency,” in What Makes Us Moral? On the capacities and conditions for being moral Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy., eds. B. Musschenga and A. van Harskamp (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 73–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genitourinary Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Cougars Could Repopulate Midwestern U.S. In Just 25 Years. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). Higher Education: Use of New Data Could Help Improve Oversight of Distance Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuthbertson, T. H. (2014). The fool’s replies: Toward a poetics of folly in Shakespeare’s comedies.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Knopper, S. (2017). American Phoenix. New York Times, TR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Allen and Ingram, 2002; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen and Ingram, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genitourinary Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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