How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peitgen, H.-O. (2010). Retrospective. Benoît B. Mandelbrot (1924-2010). Science 330, 926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevens, B., and Feingold, G. (2009). Untangling aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation in a buffered system. Nature 461, 607–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabanes, C., Cazenave, A., and Le Provost, C. (2001). Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite and in situ observations. Science 294, 840–842.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kohfeld, K. E., Le Quéré, C., Harrison, S. P., and Anderson, R. F. (2005). Role of marine biology in glacial-interglacial CO2 cycles. Science 308, 74–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Memming, R. (2015). Semiconductor Electrochemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Baldacchino, J., and Vella, R. eds. (2013). Mediterranean Art and Education: Navigating Local, Regional and Global Imaginaries Through the Lens of the Arts And Learning. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, R., and Wang, H. (2005). “Antisense Technology,” in Cancer Gene Therapy Contemporary Cancer Research., eds. D. T. Curiel and J. T. Douglas (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press), 35–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). New Drug Delivery System Could Replace Injections. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-drug-delivery-system-could-replace-injections/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Security Weaknesses at IRS’ Cyberfile Data Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haug, J. J. (2010). A summer literacy intervention for struggling readers at the middle school level using strategies in comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and positive school climate to improve reading comprehension: An evaluation study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009). Sorting Out Their Goals, and Options. New York Times, WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peitgen, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Peitgen, 2010; Stevens and Feingold, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevens and Feingold, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kohfeld et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Cell. Infect. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)2235-2988
ScopeImmunology
Microbiology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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