How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strobl, M. (2014). General solution for quantitative dark-field contrast imaging with grating interferometers. Sci. Rep. 4, 7243.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bever, J. D., and Wang, M. (2005). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: hyphal fusion and multigenomic structure. Nature 433, E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stassun, K. G., Mathieu, R. D., and Valenti, J. A. (2006). Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature 440, 311–314.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eggan, K., Baldwin, K., Tackett, M., Osborne, J., Gogos, J., Chess, A., et al. (2004). Mice cloned from olfactory sensory neurons. Nature 428, 44–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigorenko, Y. N., Chilingar, G. V., Sobolev, V. S., Andiyeva, T. A., and Zhukova, L. I. (2012). Petroleum Accumulation Zones on Continental Margins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Passiante, G. ed. (2010). Evolving Towards the Internetworked Enterprise: Technological and Organizational Perspectives. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chandrappa, R., and Das, D. B. (2012). “Disposal,” in Solid Waste Management: Principles and Practice Environmental Science and Engineering., ed. D. B. Das (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 117–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). New Crew Arrives At The International Space Station. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Rail Safety: Federal Railroad Administration Should Report on Risks to the Successful Implementation of Mandated Safety Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, E. (2017). Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Back-Scratching With a Global Reach. New York Times, B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strobl, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bever and Wang, 2005; Strobl, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bever and Wang, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Eggan et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Cell. Infect. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)2235-2988
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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