How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Church, G. (2005). Let us go forth and safely multiply. Nature 438, 423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katz, A., and Davis, M. E. (2000). Molecular imprinting of bulk, microporous silica. Nature 403, 286–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jankowski, P., McKellar, A. R. W., and Szalewicz, K. (2012). Theory untangles the high-resolution infrared spectrum of the ortho-H2-CO van der Waals complex. Science 336, 1147–1150.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Grammatikopoulos, P., Cassidy, C., Singh, V., and Sowwan, M. (2014). Coalescence-induced crystallisation wave in Pd nanoparticles. Sci. Rep. 4, 5779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H. (2012). Building Physics: Heat, Air and Moisture. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kim, J., and Shin, H. eds. (2014). Algorithm & SoC Design for Automotive Vision Systems: For Smart Safe Driving System. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Potiron, K., El Fallah Seghrouchni, A., and Taillibert, P. (2013). “Fault Tolerance for MAS Specific Faults,” in From Fault Classification to Fault Tolerance for Multi-Agent Systems SpringerBriefs in Computer Science., eds. A. El Fallah Seghrouchni and P. Taillibert (London: Springer), 37–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Dr. Oz Admits ‘Miracle’ Diet Products He Advocates Are Pseudoscience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). K-12 Education: Federal Funding for and Characteristics of Public Schools with Extended Learning Time. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S.-C. (2008). Defiant institutionalization: Democratization and social movements in South Korea, 1984–2002.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J. F. (2016). Trading Stocks for Bonds Poses Its Own Risks. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Church, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Katz and Davis, 2000; Church, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katz and Davis, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Grammatikopoulos et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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