How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. (2000). PALEONTOLOGY: CT Sleuthing Uncovers Fossil Misfits. Science 288, 1731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Van Roy, P., and Briggs, D. E. G. (2011). A giant Ordovician anomalocaridid. Nature 473, 510–513.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, S., Matthews, J., and Sinha, A. (2008). Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O. Science 319, 1657–1660.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Turney, C. S. M., Kershaw, A. P., Clemens, S. C., Branch, N., Moss, P. T., and Fifield, L. K. (2004). Millennial and orbital variations of El Niño/Southern Oscillation and high-latitude climate in the last glacial period. Nature 428, 306–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hyatt, T. K., and Hopkins, B. R. (2013). The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chattot, J. J. (2015). Theoretical and Applied Aerodynamics: and Related Numerical Methods. , ed. M. M. Hafez Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mayock, E. (2015). “Teaching Hispanic Feminisms,” in Teaching Gender through Latin American, Latino, and Iberian Texts and Cultures, eds. L. Gómez, A. Horno-Delgado, M. K. Long, and N. Silleras-Fernández (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). The Placebo Effect Works Even When You Know You Are Taking A Placebo. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials Are Widely Used in Commerce, but EPA Faces Challenges in Regulating Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyer, M. A. (2014). Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Mediterranean Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016). Unshaken by Her Low Ranking, Wozniacki Easily Defeats Keys. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad, 2000; Van Roy and Briggs, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Van Roy and Briggs, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Turney et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

Other styles