How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berry, D. A. (2008). The science of doping. Nature 454, 692–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oda, Y., and Fukuda, H. (2012). Initiation of cell wall pattern by a Rho- and microtubule-driven symmetry breaking. Science 337, 1333–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rau, A. V., Dunningham, J. A., and Burnett, K. (2003). Measurement-induced relative-position localization through entanglement. Science 301, 1081–1084.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsieh, Y.-D., Iyonaga, Y., Sakaguchi, Y., Yokoyama, S., Inaba, H., Minoshima, K., et al. (2014). Spectrally interleaved, comb-mode-resolved spectroscopy using swept dual terahertz combs. Sci. Rep. 4, 3816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogers, D. W. (2010). Concise Physical Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Raiser, K. ed. (2014). Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: Major Texts on Religion. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman, D. D., Deutsch, S., Ertegun, L., Carlson, S., Estrada, M., Sturgeon, M., et al. (2013). “Becoming BabyWatchers: An Attachment-Based Video Intervention in a Community Mental Health Center,” in Attachment-Based Clinical Work with Children and Adolescents, eds. J. E. Bettmann and D. Demetri Friedman (New York, NY: Springer), 99–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015). According To NASA, There’s A 99.9% Probability Of A Significant Earthquake Hitting Los Angeles By 2018. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Review of Selected Contracts Awarded by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuentez, O. L. (2010). Proposition 21: Juveniles tried as adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., and Strand, O. (2017). Nestlé Goes High End, Buying Blue Bottle Coffee. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berry, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Berry, 2008; Oda and Fukuda, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oda and Fukuda, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsieh et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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