How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Green, H. W., 2nd (2001). Plate tectonics. A graveyard for buoyant slabs? Science 292, 2445–2446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mo, F., and Dong, G. (2014). C-H bond activation. Regioselective ketone α-alkylation with simple olefins via dual activation. Science 345, 68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kürner, J., Frangakis, A. S., and Baumeister, W. (2005). Cryo-electron tomography reveals the cytoskeletal structure of Spiroplasma melliferum. Science 307, 436–438.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shechter, R., London, A., Kuperman, Y., Ronen, A., Rolls, A., Chen, A., et al. (2013). Hypothalamic neuronal toll-like receptor 2 protects against age-induced obesity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGuiggan, P. (2005). GPRS in Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kokhanovsky, A. A. ed. (2015). Light Scattering Reviews 9: Light Scattering and Radiative Transfer. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kenna, H. (2013). “How to Prepare the Best Possible Curriculum Vitae,” in The Academic Medicine Handbook: A Guide to Achievement and Fulfillment for Academic Faculty, ed. L. W. Roberts (New York, NY: Springer), 35–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). ESO’s MUSE Gets Incredible 3D Look at Deep Universe. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Federal Student Loans: Borrower Interest Rates Cannot Be Set in Advance to Precisely and Consistently Balance Federal Revenues and Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, H. H. (2017). Social Capital, Academics, and Sense of Belonging among High School Foster Youth.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012). Far From London, Seeing the Big Picture. New York Times, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Green, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Green, 2001; Mo and Dong, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mo and Dong, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shechter et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

Other styles