How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander, R. M. (2007). Biophysics. Antennae as gyroscopes. Science 315, 771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver, A. J., and Zwiers, F. W. (2000). Uncertainty in climate change. Nature 407, 571–572.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kitching, R. P., Taylor, N. M., and Thrusfield, M. V. (2007). Veterinary epidemiology: vaccination strategies for foot-and-mouth disease. Nature 445, E12; discussion E12-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wei, T., Li, M., Wu, C., Yan, X.-Y., Fan, Y., Di, Z., et al. (2013). Do scientists trace hot topics? Sci. Rep. 3, 2207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigg, N. S. (2010). Infrastructure Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pavlov, A. (2008). CMOS SRAM Circuit Design and Parametric Test in Nano-Scaled Technologies: Process-Aware SRAM Design and Test. , ed. M. Sachdev Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Beauquier, J., Blanchard, P., and Burman, J. (2013). “Self-stabilizing Leader Election in Population Protocols over Arbitrary Communication Graphs,” in Principles of Distributed Systems: 17th International Conference, OPODIS 2013, Nice, France, December 16-18, 2013. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. R. Baldoni, N. Nisse, and M. van Steen (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 38–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Terry Pratchett Gave Us A Million Dollars For Alzheimer’s Research – Here’s What We Did With It. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). European Aeronautics: Strong Government Presence in Industry Structure and Research and Development Support. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White, B. D. (2015). Implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support at the High School Level.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014). An Eye for the 20th Century. New York Times, WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexander, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander, 2007; Weaver and Zwiers, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weaver and Zwiers, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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