How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2014). Heritability: The family roots of obesity. Nature 508, S58-60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whitesides, G. M., and Deutch, J. (2011). Let’s get practical. Nature 469, 21–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pier, H., Kapon, E., and Moser, M. (2000). Strain effects and phase transitions in photonic resonator crystals. Nature 407, 880–883.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
De Joussineau, C., Soulé, J., Martin, M., Anguille, C., Montcourrier, P., and Alexandre, D. (2003). Delta-promoted filopodia mediate long-range lateral inhibition in Drosophila. Nature 426, 555–559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmendinger, H. (2013). HOAI 2013: Praxisleitfaden für Ingenieure und Architekten. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Ernest, P. (2016). The Philosophy of Mathematics Education. , eds. O. Skovsmose, J. P. van Bendegem, M. Bicudo, R. Miarka, L. Kvasz, and R. Moeller Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhry, A. M. (2009). “Parsimonious Modeling and Forecasting of Time Series drifted by Autoregressive Noise,” in Rapid Modelling for Increasing Competitiveness: Tools and Mindset, ed. G. Reiner (London: Springer), 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015). Neolithic Skeleton Reveals Ancient Case Of Rickets. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Space Projects: Improvements Needed in Selecting Future Projects for Private Financing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best, W. (2009). Beneath the Silence.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). ‘The Show That I Was Born to Do.’ New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Whitesides and Deutch, 2011; Willyard, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whitesides and Deutch, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (De Joussineau et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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