How to format your references using the Pediatric Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fisk Z. Physics. The thermodynamics of quantum critical points. Science. 2009;325:1348–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zhang J, Ferré-D’Amaré AR. Co-crystal structure of a T-box riboswitch stem I domain in complex with its cognate tRNA. Nature. 2013;500:363–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lillo F, Farmer JD, Mantegna RN. Econophysics: Master curve for price-impact function. Nature. 2003;421:129–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mendil J, Nieves P, Chubykalo-Fesenko O, Walowski J, Santos T, Pisana S, et al. Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tschannen-Moran B, Tschannen-Moran M. Evocative Coaching. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2010.
An edited book
1. Duffuaa SO. Planning and Control of Maintenance Systems: Modelling and Analysis. 2nd ed. 2015. Raouf A, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Islam S, Hossain I. Third World Industrialization: Women Workers between Exploitation and Survival. In: Hossain I, editor. Social Justice in the Globalization of Production: Labor, Gender, and the Environment Nexus. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2015. p. 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Drugs.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Close Are We To Actually Becoming Martians? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-close-are-we-actually-becoming-martians/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Issues Related to an Information Campaign Regarding the Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Sep. Report No.: GAO-05-940R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jha JS. [3+2] Cycloaddition Reaction of Gem-Dicyanoepoxide and Electrophilic Reaction of Ethyl Atropate [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Game and the Season End In Frustration for the Power. New York Times. 2002 Aug 11;85.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Drugs
AbbreviationPaediatr. Drugs
ISSN (print)1174-5878
ISSN (online)1179-2019
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles