How to format your references using the Pediatric Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dehaene S. Neuroscience. Single-neuron arithmetic. Science. 2002;297:1652–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Silk J, Chluba J. Astronomy. Next steps for cosmology. Science. 2014;344:586–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grirrane A, Corma A, García H. Gold-catalyzed synthesis of aromatic azo compounds from anilines and nitroaromatics. Science. 2008;322:1661–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dhir A, Dhir S, Borowski LS, Jimenez L, Teitell M, Rötig A, et al. Mitochondrial double-stranded RNA triggers antiviral signalling in humans. Nature. 2018;560:238–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Louis J-P. Control of Synchronous Motors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
1. Orlandini D. Manuale di accreditamento delle strutture diabetologiche. Terza edizione. Bigontina GD, editor. Milano: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Parzelski D, Nowak A. The Dynamics of Patterns of Commitment in Sports. In: Nowak A, Winkowska-Nowak K, Brée D, editors. Complex Human Dynamics: From Mind to Societies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Drugs.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Yellowstone’s Old Faithful Geyser Is Currently Erupting Snow. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Communications: Mobile Subscriber Equipment Testing Issues and Army Improvement Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-89-165BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pelletier JM. Effects of Data Breaches on Sector-Wide Systematic Risk in Financial, Technology, Healthcare and Services Sectors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. The Gossip Just Won’t Stop. New York Times. 2013 Jun 6;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Drugs
AbbreviationPaediatr. Drugs
ISSN (print)1174-5878
ISSN (online)1179-2019
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles