How to format your references using the Endangered Species Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endangered Species Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seiff A (2000) Dynamics of Jupiter’s atmosphere. Nature 403:603, 605.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale JE, Earle PS (2000) Fine-scale heterogeneity in the Earth’s inner core. Nature 404:273–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Narayan V, Ramaswamy S, Menon N (2007) Long-lived giant number fluctuations in a swarming granular nematic. Science 317:105–108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barbieri I, Tzelepis K, Pandolfini L, Shi J, Millán-Zambrano G, Robson SC, Aspris D, Migliori V, Bannister AJ, Han N, De Braekeleer E, Ponstingl H, Hendrick A, Vakoc CR, Vassiliou GS, Kouzarides T (2017) Promoter-bound METTL3 maintains myeloid leukaemia by m6A-dependent translation control. Nature 552:126–131.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramsinghani M (2014) The Business of Venture Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Leong SPL, Kitagawa Y, Kitajima M (eds) (2005) Selective Sentinel Lymphadenectomy for Human Solid Cancer. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Masri R, Keller A (2012) Chronic Pain Following Spinal Cord Injury. In: Regenerative Biology of the Spine and Spinal Cord. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Jandial R, Chen MY (eds) Springer, New York, NY, p 74–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endangered Species Research.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Australia Will Suddenly Move 1.8 Meters North On New Year’s Day. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation Security: Post-September 11th Initiatives and Long-Term Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez PJ (2013) ‘Stepping stones’: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Biillard M (2010) Listen Up, but Good. New York Times:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seiff 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Seiff 2000, Vidale & Earle 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vidale & Earle 2000)
  • Three authors: (Narayan et al. 2007)
  • 99 or more authors: (Barbieri et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndangered Species Research
AbbreviationEndanger. Species Res.
ISSN (print)1863-5407
ISSN (online)1613-4796
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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