How to format your references using the Endangered Species Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endangered Species Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geisbert TW (2014) Medical research: Ebola therapy protects severely ill monkeys. Nature 514:41–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klausner R, Alonso P (2004) An attack on all fronts. Nature 430:930–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santra MK, Wajapeyee N, Green MR (2009) F-box protein FBXO31 mediates cyclin D1 degradation to induce G1 arrest after DNA damage. Nature 459:722–725.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pagola S, Stephens PW, Bohle DS, Kosar AD, Madsen SK (2000) The structure of malaria pigment beta-haematin. Nature 404:307–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond B (2016) Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mosekilde E, Sosnovtseva O, Rostami-Hodjegan A (eds) (2012) Biosimulation in Biomedical Research, Health Care and Drug Development. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Amaris H, Alonso M, Ortega CA (2013) Reactive Power Optimization. In: Reactive Power Management of Power Networks with Wind Generation. Lecture Notes in Energy, Alonso M, Alvarez Ortega C (eds) Springer, London, p 55–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endangered Species Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Sun Might Enter Very Quiet Period, Limiting Northern Lights Shows To Just North Pole. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Airport Improvement Program: Reliever Airport Set-Aside Funds Could Be Redirected. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daum MA (2012) Busy Fingers, Wordless Thoughts: Entering the Knot of Compulsive Hair Twisting. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) A Feast for Actors, With One in the Kitchen. New York Times:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geisbert 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Klausner & Alonso 2004, Geisbert 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klausner & Alonso 2004)
  • Three authors: (Santra et al. 2009)
  • 99 or more authors: (Pagola et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndangered Species Research
AbbreviationEndanger. Species Res.
ISSN (print)1863-5407
ISSN (online)1613-4796
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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