How to format your references using the Endangered Species Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endangered Species Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunt JH (2003) Ecology. Cryptic herbivores of the rainforest canopy. Science 300:916–917.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nudds RL, Dyke GJ (2010) Narrow primary feather rachises in Confuciusornis and Archaeopteryx suggest poor flight ability. Science 328:887–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skoglund G, Nockert M, Holst B (2013) Viking and early Middle Ages northern Scandinavian textiles proven to be made with hemp. Sci Rep 3:2686.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Charmantier A, McCleery RH, Cole LR, Perrins C, Kruuk LEB, Sheldon BC (2008) Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in response to climate change in a wild bird population. Science 320:800–803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan NH (2010) Time Series: Applications to Finance with R and S-Plus®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen C (2014) Wireless Sensor Networks: Distributed Consensus Estimation. Zhu S, Guan X, Shen X (sherman) (eds) Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Goddard J (2008) Tick-Borne Diseases. In: Infectious Diseases and Arthropods. Goddard J (ed) Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, p 81–129

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endangered Species Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) The Face Of Scottish King Robert The Bruce Has Been Digitally Reconstructed. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Financial Management Systems: Lack of Disciplined Process Puts Effective Implementation of Treasury’s Governmentwide Financial Report System at Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeMoss MD (2010) Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2011) A Certifiably Green Cafe. New York Times:NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunt 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt 2003, Nudds & Dyke 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nudds & Dyke 2010)
  • Three authors: (Skoglund et al. 2013)
  • 99 or more authors: (Charmantier et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndangered Species Research
AbbreviationEndanger. Species Res.
ISSN (print)1863-5407
ISSN (online)1613-4796
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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