How to format your references using the Endangered Species Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endangered Species Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edwards PN (2004) Beyond the ivory tower. ‘A vast machine’: standards as social technology. Science 304:827–828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dai X, Huang N (2014) Numerical simulation of drifting snow sublimation in the saltation layer. Sci Rep 4:6611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shimizu GKH, Taylor JM, Kim S (2013) Chemistry. Proton conduction with metal-organic frameworks. Science 341:354–355.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Freedman B, Bartal G, Segev M, Lifshitz R, Christodoulides DN, Fleischer JW (2006) Wave and defect dynamics in nonlinear photonic quasicrystals. Nature 440:1166–1169.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fencott C, Lockyer M, Clay J, Massey P (2012) Game Invaders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Enderling H, Almog N, Hlatky L (eds) (2013) Systems Biology of Tumor Dormancy. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhaumik P, Bandyopadhyay S (2006) A Mobility Tolerant Cluster Management Protocol with Dynamic Surrogate Cluster-Heads for a Large Ad Hoc Network. In: Distributed Computing and Networking: 8th International Conference, ICDCN 2006, Guwahati, India, December 27-30, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Chaudhuri S, Das SR, Paul HS, Tirthapura S (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 40–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endangered Species Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Drone that Traps Mosquitoes May Prevent Epidemics. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hrivnak GA (2009) Extending a model of leader -member exchange development: Individual and dyadic effects of personality, similarity and liking. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker P (2017) Leaving Stress As More Waits In Trip Abroad. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edwards 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Edwards 2004, Dai & Huang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dai & Huang 2014)
  • Three authors: (Shimizu et al. 2013)
  • 99 or more authors: (Freedman et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndangered Species Research
AbbreviationEndanger. Species Res.
ISSN (print)1863-5407
ISSN (online)1613-4796
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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