How to format your references using the Endangered Species Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endangered Species Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A (2011) Translational research: The American way. Nature 478:S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemberger M, Pedersen R (2010) Stem cells. Epigenome disruptors. Science 330:598–599.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris GC, Wimmer M, Aston-Jones G (2005) A role for lateral hypothalamic orexin neurons in reward seeking. Nature 437:556–559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Song J, Xu L, Xing R, Li Q, Zhou C, Liu D, Song H (2014) Synthesis of Au/graphene oxide composites for selective and sensitive electrochemical detection of ascorbic acid. Sci Rep 4:7515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V, Petersen JA (2012) Statistical Methods in Customer Relationship Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Delcambre L, Kop C, Mayr HC, Mylopoulos J, Pastor O (eds) (2005) Conceptual Modeling – ER 2005: 24th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, Klagenfurt, Austria, October 24-28, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rowan L (2014) Ethical Researcher or Vampiric Consumer? In: Echoes: Ethics and Issues of Voice in Education Research. Midgley W, Davies A, Oliver ME, Danaher PA (eds) SensePublishers, Rotterdam, p 35–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endangered Species Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Three-Parent Babies Possible ‘In Two Years’ According to UK Report. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) SSA Computers: Long-Range Vision Needed to Guide Future Systems Modernization Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kostenbader TC (2015) Analyzing students’ attitudes towards science during inquiry-based lessons. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Zverev and Konta Lose In French Open Upsets. New York Times:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hemberger & Pedersen 2010, Maxmen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hemberger & Pedersen 2010)
  • Three authors: (Harris et al. 2005)
  • 99 or more authors: (Song et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndangered Species Research
AbbreviationEndanger. Species Res.
ISSN (print)1863-5407
ISSN (online)1613-4796
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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