How to format your references using the Endangered Species Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endangered Species Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S (2011) Food: The omnivore’s labyrinth. Nature 471:S22-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen J-Y & Huang D-Y (2002) A possible Lower Cambrian chaetognath (arrow worm). Science 298:187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn CH, Triscone J-M & Mannhart J (2003) Electric field effect in correlated oxide systems. Nature 424:1015–1018.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bridle SL, Lahav O, Ostriker JP & Steinhardt PJ (2003) Astrophysics. Precision cosmology? Not just yet. Science 299:1532–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bender HF (2002) Das Gefahrstoffbuch. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Biffl S, Winkler D & Bergsmann J eds. (2012) Software Quality. Process Automation in Software Development: 4th International Conference, SWQD 2012, Vienna, Austria, January 17-19, 2012. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Broszat M & Grohmann E (2014) Horizontal Gene Transfer in Planktonic and Biofilm Modes. In: Antibiofilm Agents: From Diagnosis to Treatment and Prevention. Springer Series on Biofilms, K.P. Rumbaugh & I. Ahmad (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 67–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endangered Species Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Man Drinks Five Energy Drinks A Day And Develops Hepatitis. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Digital Television Transition: Broadcasters’ Transition Status, Low-Power Station Issues, and Information on Consumer Awareness of the DTV Transition. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroot PG (2004) Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2017) Puerto Rico’s Power Agency Defaults Over Debt. New York Times:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Huang 2002; DeWeerdt 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Huang 2002)
  • Three authors: (Ahn, Triscone & Mannhart 2003)
  • 99 or more authors: (Bridle, Lahav, Ostriker & Steinhardt 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndangered Species Research
AbbreviationEndanger. Species Res.
ISSN (print)1863-5407
ISSN (online)1613-4796
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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