How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (JARE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawamura, Y. 2014. “Phase Synchronization between Collective Rhythms of Fully Locked Oscillator Groups.” Scientific Reports 4: 4832.
A journal article with 2 authors
Solanki, S.K., and N.A. Krivova. 2011. “Astronomy. Analyzing Solar Cycles.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6058): 916–917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, G., C. Urabe, and K. Aihara. 2014. “Random and Targeted Interventions for Epidemic Control in Metapopulation Models.” Scientific Reports 4: 5522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stefer, S., S. Reitz, F. Wang, K. Wild, Y.-Y. Pang, D. Schwarz, J. Bomke, C. Hein, F. Löhr, F. Bernhard, V. Denic, V. Dötsch, and I. Sinning. 2011. “Structural Basis for Tail-Anchored Membrane Protein Biogenesis by the Get3-Receptor Complex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6043): 758–762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jepsen, T.C. 2003. Distributed Storage Networks. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Venkatesh, A. 2007. Home Informatics and Telematics: ICT for The Next Billion: Proceedings of IFIP TC 9, WG 9.3 HOIT 2007 Conference, August 22–25, 2007, Chennai, India. T. Gonsalves, A. Monk, and K. Buckner, eds. IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamano, H., C. Hongo, K. Sugihara, Y. Yara, Y. Nakao, and M. Fujii. 2014. “Current Status of the National Coral Database in Japan: Dataset Development, Applications, and Future Directions.” In S.-I. Nakano, T. Yahara, and T. Nakashizuka, eds. Integrative Observations and Assessments. Ecological Research Monographs. Tokyo: Springer Japan, pp. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Bacteria in Bees Could Fight Antibacterial Resistance.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Available online at [Accessed Oct. 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Student Loans: Improvements in the Direct Loan Consolidation Process. HEHS-99-19R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkerson, M.R. 2011. “The Relationship Between Caring School Community Program Implementation and Elementary Student Achievement.” Doctoral dissertation. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gladstone, R., and M. Specia. 2017. “At the U.N., Pressure Builds on Myanmar Over a ‘Human Rights Nightmare.’” New York Times, September 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawamura, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Solanki and Krivova, 2011; Kawamura, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Solanki and Krivova, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Stefer et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
ISSN (print)1068-5502
ISSN (online)2327-8285

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