How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (JARE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marín, O. 2010. “Journal Club. A Developmental Neurobiologist Looks at How Damage Induces Cell Birth in the Adult Brain.” Nature 465(7297): 401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nix, P., and M. Bastiani. 2013. “Neuroscience. Heterochronic Genes Turn Back the Clock in Old Neurons.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340(6130): 282–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreno, E., K. Basler, and G. Morata. 2002. “Cells Compete for Decapentaplegic Survival Factor to Prevent Apoptosis in Drosophila Wing Development.” Nature 416(6882): 755–759.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kalsin, A.M., M. Fialkowski, M. Paszewski, S.K. Smoukov, K.J.M. Bishop, and B.A. Grzybowski. 2006. “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Binary Nanoparticle Crystals with a Diamond-like Lattice.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5772): 420–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crowl, D.A. 2003. Understanding Explosions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bockstael, N.E. 2007. Environmental and Resource Valuation with Revealed Preferences: A Theoretical Guide to Empirical Models. K.E. McConnell, ed. The Economics of Non-Market Goods and Resources. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Jøsang, A., M. Ødegaard, and E. Oftedal. 2015. “Cybersecurity Through Secure Software Development.” In M. Bishop, N. Miloslavskaya, and M. Theocharidou, eds. Information Security Education Across the Curriculum: 9th IFIP WG 11.8 World Conference, WISE 9, Hamburg, Germany, May 26-28, 2015, Proceedings. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. “Watch NASA Successfully Inflate Their Expandable Space Module.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Available online at [Accessed Oct. 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Automated Patent System: Information on PTO’s Program to Automate Patent Information and Processes. T-IMTEC-92-19. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Willis, T.Y. 2012. “Rare but There: An Intersectional Exploration of the Experiences and Outcomes of Black Women Who Studied Abroad through Community College Programs.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2012. “A Shot That Sank a Season.” New York Times, March 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marín, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Marín, 2010; Nix and Bastiani, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nix and Bastiani, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kalsin et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
ISSN (print)1068-5502
ISSN (online)2327-8285

Other styles