How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (JARE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McArdle, J. 2000. “Animal Welfare Act’s Changes Deserve Praise, Not Panic.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 290(5495): 1299c–300c.
A journal article with 2 authors
McPherson, M.S., and M.O. Schapiro. 2003. “Education. Funding Roller Coaster for Public Higher Education.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5648): 1157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S.-J., T.A. Taton, and C.A. Mirkin. 2002. “Array-Based Electrical Detection of DNA with Nanoparticle Probes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5559): 1503–1506.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bloom, J.S., D. Giannios, B.D. Metzger, S.B. Cenko, D.A. Perley, N.R. Butler, N.R. Tanvir, A.J. Levan, P.T. O’Brien, L.E. Strubbe, F. De Colle, E. Ramirez-Ruiz, W.H. Lee, S. Nayakshin, E. Quataert, A.R. King, A. Cucchiara, J. Guillochon, G.C. Bower, A.S. Fruchter, A.N. Morgan, and A.J. van der Horst. 2011. “A Possible Relativistic Jetted Outburst from a Massive Black Hole Fed by a Tidally Disrupted Star.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6039): 203–206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wystup, U. 2006. FX Options and Structured Products. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Mohanty, H., P. Bhuyan, and D. Chenthati, eds. 2015. Big Data: A Primer. Studies in Big Data. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Anshakov, O.M., and T. Gergely. 2010. “Cognitive Reasoning Framework.” In O.M. Anshakov, ed. Cognitive Reasoning: A Formal Approach. Cognitive Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Sky Watching Event Guide For 2015.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Available online at [Accessed Oct. 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Review of Department of Education FY 1980 Interagency Fund Transfer Agreements. AFMD-82-19. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koller, R.J. 2014. “The Nonlinear Relationship of Individual Commitment to Organizational Change and Behavioral Support.” Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., and B. Barnes. 2017. “Hulu’s Chief Since 2013 Quits to Lead Sony TV Unit.” New York Times, October 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McArdle, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McArdle, 2000; McPherson and Schapiro, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McPherson and Schapiro, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bloom et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
ISSN (print)1068-5502
ISSN (online)2327-8285

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