How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (JARE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conklin, B.R. 2009. “Journal Club. A Geneticist Wonders Why We Need to Sleep.” Nature 461(7264): 573.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buckley, Y.M., and Y. Han. 2014. “Ecology. Managing the Side Effects of Invasion Control.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344(6187): 975–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, B.S., G. Meijer, and W. Schöllkopf. 2011. “Quantum Reflection of He2 Several Nanometers above a Grating Surface.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331(6019): 892–894.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, M.-H., A. Kumar, K.-B. Park, S.-Y. Cho, H.-M. Kim, M.-C. Lim, Y.-R. Kim, and K.-B. Kim. 2014. “A Low-Noise Solid-State Nanopore Platform Based on a Highly Insulating Substrate.” Scientific Reports 4: 7448.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maksoud, M.A. 2017. Quick Reference to Dental Implant Surgery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Parker, A. 2014. Data-Driven Generation of Policies. G.I. Simari, A. Sliva, and V.S. Subrahmanian, eds. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kharbat, F., M. Odeh, and L. Bull. 2008. “Knowledge Discovery from Medical Data: An Empirical Study with XCS.” In L. Bull, E. Bernadó-Mansilla, and J. Holmes, eds. Learning Classifier Systems in Data Mining. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 93–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Why One Hectare of Rainforest Grows More Tree Species than US and Canada Combined.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Available online at [Accessed Oct. 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Federal Research: SEMATECH’s Efforts to Strengthen the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. RCED-90-236. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carman, S.B. 2013. “Leadership Style and Church Attendance: An Ex Post Facto Study of Churches of Christ in Texas.” Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. 2016. “Hank’s Long Suffering.” New York Times, December 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conklin, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Conklin, 2009; Buckley and Han, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buckley and Han, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
ISSN (print)1068-5502
ISSN (online)2327-8285

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