# How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (JARE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tracey, K.J. 2002. “The Inflammatory Reflex.” Nature 420(6917): 853–859.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilbert, M., and P. López. 2011. “The World’s Technological Capacity to Store, Communicate, and Compute Information.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6025): 60–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muchnik, L., S. Aral, and S.J. Taylor. 2013. “Social Influence Bias: A Randomized Experiment.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341(6146): 647–651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, Y.-F., Z. Fisk, H.-O. Lee, J.D. Thompson, and D. Pines. 2008. “Scaling the Kondo Lattice.” Nature 454(7204): 611–613.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin, P. 2014. Wireless Transceiver Architecture. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schmicking, D., and S. Gallagher, eds. 2010. Handbook of Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sayaf, R., D. Clarke, and R. Harper. 2015. “$$\mathrm{CPS}^2$$ : A Contextual Privacy Framework for Social Software.” In J. Tian, J. Jing, and M. Srivatsa, eds. International Conference on Security and Privacy in Communication Networks: 10th International ICST Conference, SecureComm 2014, Beijing, China, September 24-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 25–32.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. “Well-Meaning New Zealander’s Are Killing Endangered Birds By Accident.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Available online at https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/wellmeaning-new-zealanders-are-killing-endangered-birds-by-accident/. [Accessed Oct. 30, 2018].

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened. GAO-09-262. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway, L.R. 2013. “Synthesis and Investigation of Novel Dinitrosyl-Iron Complexes of Chelated Bis-Phosphine Ligands: Potential Nitric Oxide Delivery Compounds.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2010. “In Search of Flavors That Go Beyond The Deli Counter.” New York Times, April 11.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tracey, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Tracey, 2002; Hilbert and López, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Hilbert and López, 2011)
• Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2008)