How to format your references using the Journal of Thoracic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thoracic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Aerospace meets biotech. Nature. 2004;429(6988):223.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chiosis G, Boneca IG. Selective cleavage of D-Ala-D-Lac by small molecules: re-sensitizing resistant bacteria to vancomycin. Science. 2001;293(5534):1484-1487.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ito T, Woloszyn M, Mazloff M. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide transport in the Southern Ocean driven by Ekman flow. Nature. 2010;463(7277):80-83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Koop T, Luo B, Tsias A, Peter T. Water activity as the determinant for homogeneous ice nucleation in aqueous solutions. Nature. 2000;406(6796):611-614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rigo M. Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 2. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Knippers J, Nickel KG, Speck T, eds. Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction: Biological Design and Integrative Structures. Vol 8. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wong PYH, Diakov N, Schaefer I. Modelling Adaptable Distributed Object Oriented Systems Using the HATS Approach: A Fredhopper Case Study. In: Beckert B, Damiani F, Gurov D, eds. Formal Verification of Object-Oriented Software: International Conference, FoVeOOS 2011, Turin, Italy, October 5-7, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:49-66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Physicists Use Einstein’s ‘Spooky’ Entanglement To Invent Super-Sensitive Gravitational Wave Detector. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: Information on the Department of Transportation’s Proposed Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mayo J. Rates and factors associated with child maltreatment recurrence for children from birth to 5 years of age in Ventura County. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico’s Troubled Finances Add to Vulnerability During Hurricane. New York Times. September 7, 2017:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thoracic Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Thorac. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1556-0864
ScopeOncology
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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