How to format your references using the Journal of Thoracic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Thoracic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marris E. India in demand. Nature. 2005;433(7028):902-903.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Park H-J, Friston K. Structural and functional brain networks: from connections to cognition. Science. 2013;342(6158):1238411.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sang L, Coller HA, Roberts JM. Control of the reversibility of cellular quiescence by the transcriptional repressor HES1. Science. 2008;321(5892):1095-1100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tseng C-K, Chen W-T, Chen K-H, et al. A self-assembled microbonded germanium/silicon heterojunction photodiode for 25 Gb/s high-speed optical interconnects. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Silvapulle MJ, Sen PK. Constrained Statistical Inference: Inequality, Order, and Shape Restrictions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
1.
Arló-Costa H, Hendricks VF, van Benthem J, eds. Readings in Formal Epistemology: Sourcebook. Vol 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Krause WKH. Sperm Functions Influenced by Immune Reactions. In: Krause WKH, Naz RK, eds. Immune Infertility: The Impact of Immune Reactions on Human Infertility. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:49-65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Researchers Achieve Record-Smashing Wireless Connection Speeds. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/researchers-achieve-record-smashing-wireless-connection-speeds/. Published March 1, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NORAD’s Information Processing Improvement Program: Will It Enhance Mission Capability? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kraka EK. Assessment of herbicides for control of non-native species: Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne spp. multiflorum ), tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), and tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum). 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Boat Loss Hampers Upkeep at Castle. New York Times. March 15, 2009:WE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Thoracic Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Thorac. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1556-0864
ScopeOncology
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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