How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myers, E. G. (2014). Fundamental constants: The teamwork of precision. Nature 506, 440–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Redman, C. W., and Sargent, I. L. (2005). Latest advances in understanding preeclampsia. Science 308, 1592–1594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fashami, M. S., Atulasimha, J., and Bandyopadhyay, S. (2013). Energy dissipation and error probability in fault-tolerant binary switching. Sci. Rep. 3, 3204.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tang, W., Zeve, D., Suh, J. M., Bosnakovski, D., Kyba, M., Hammer, R. E., et al. (2008). White fat progenitor cells reside in the adipose vasculature. Science 322, 583–586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fant, K. M. (2005). Logically Determined Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dolšek, M. ed. (2011). Protection of Built Environment Against Earthquakes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Jia, Y., Özer, M. M., Weitering, H. H., and Zhang, Z. (2011). “Quantum Size Effects in the Growth and Properties of Ultrathin Metal Films, Alloys, and Related Low-Dimensional Structures,” in Nanophenomena at Surfaces: Fundamentals of Exotic Condensed Matter Properties Springer Series in Surface Sciences., ed. M. Michailov (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 67–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Unusual Conditions: What Is Rapunzel Syndrome And Why Do Some People Eat Hair? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayberry, D. S. (2017). Total Relaxation Center, LLC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011). Disputed Voting Turns Church, A Kremlin Ally, Into Its Critic. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Myers, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Redman and Sargent, 2005; Myers, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Redman and Sargent, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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