How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gabbaï, F. P. (2013). Chemistry. Lewis acids with a difference. Science 341, 1348–1349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mirabel, I. F., and Rodrigues, I. (2003). Formation of a black hole in the dark. Science 300, 1119–1120.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yurtsever, A., van der Veen, R. M., and Zewail, A. H. (2012). Subparticle ultrafast spectrum imaging in 4D electron microscopy. Science 335, 59–64.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Barsbold, R., Currie, P. J., Myhrvold, N. P., Osmolska, H., Tsogtbaatar, K., and Watabe, M. (2000). A pygostyle from a non-avian theropod. Nature 403, 155–156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolo, D. (2016). Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tarn, T.-J., Chen, S.-B., and Zhou, C. eds. (2007). Robotic Welding, Intelligence and Automation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kasamatsu, T., Koga, T., and Kaminisi, K. (2013). “Modeling and Visualization of Product-Service Systems for Success of Business,” in The Philosopher’s Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th - 9th, 2012, eds. Y. Shimomura and K. Kimita (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). How Whales Avoid Being Flayed Alive by Gulls. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Business Modernization: Some Progress Made toward Implementing GAO Recommendations Related to NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Englebrecht, K. M. (2012). Healing the invisible wounds: A grant proposal for female veterans suffering from PTSD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012). Path of Saudi Arabian Trailblazer Runs Through the United States. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gabbaï, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Mirabel and Rodrigues, 2003; Gabbaï, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mirabel and Rodrigues, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Barsbold et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles