How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burchard, E. G. (2014). Medical research: Missing patients. Nature 513, 301–302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, J. N., and Simmons, S. F. (2013). Geophysics. More power from below. Science 340, 933–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, M. C., O’Rourke, E. J., and Ruvkun, G. (2008). Fat metabolism links germline stem cells and longevity in C. elegans. Science 322, 957–960.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nishinaga, O., Kikuchi, T., Natsui, S., and Suzuki, R. O. (2013). Rapid fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina with 10-/sub-10-nm-scale nanostructures by selenic acid anodizing. Sci. Rep. 3, 2748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curtis, P. M. (2011). Maintaining Mission Critical Systems in a 24/7 Environment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Carlberg, C. (2014). Mechanisms of Gene Regulation. , ed. F. Molnár Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Neber, H., and Neuhaus, B. J. (2013). “Creativity and Problem-Based Learning (PBL): A Neglected Relation,” in Creativity, Talent and Excellence, ed. A.-G. Tan (Singapore: Springer), 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). This Tiny Hamster With An Equally Tiny Cast Is All You Need To See Today. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). National Aero-Space Plane: A Need for Program Direction and Funding Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pestano, A. C. (2017). The Utilization of a Web-Based Internet Application to Improve Access and Efficiency of In-Home Care Services Provided by Personal Care Aides.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007). Lesson One: The Price the Contractor Quotes Is an Estimate. New York Times, F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burchard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Burchard, 2014; Moore and Simmons, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore and Simmons, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Nishinaga et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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