How to format your references using the Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basu, P. (2007). Indian biotech’s bumpy road. Nature 450, 580–581.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwämmle, V., and Herrmann, H. J. (2003). Geomorphology: solitary wave behaviour of sand dunes. Nature 426, 619–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Korkhov, V. M., Mireku, S. A., and Locher, K. P. (2012). Structure of AMP-PNP-bound vitamin B12 transporter BtuCD-F. Nature 490, 367–372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Woo, S. H., Choi, Y. Y., Kim, D. J., Bien, F., and Kim, J. J. (2014). Tissue-informative mechanism for wearable non-invasive continuous blood pressure monitoring. Sci. Rep. 4, 6618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davino, C., Furno, M., and Vistocco, D. (2014). Quantile Regression: Theory and Applications. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Belzung, C., and Wigmore, P. eds. (2013). Neurogenesis and Neural Plasticity. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Peden, K. (2008). “Gilles Deleuze: From Hume To Spinoza(An Attempt To Make Good On A Popkin Request),” in The Legacies of Richard Popkin Archives Internationales D’Histoire Des Idées / International Archives of The History of Ideas., ed. J. D. Popkin (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Houseplants could one day power TVs, computers, and more. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Freight Rail Security: Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Security, but the Federal Strategy Can Be Strengthened and Security Efforts Better Monitored. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gupta, P. (2017). Enhanced acquisition of data in the presence of transfaulty nodes in a wireless sensor network.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Alina. New York Times, C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basu, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Schwämmle and Herrmann, 2003; Basu, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwämmle and Herrmann, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Woo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Fatty Acid and Lipid Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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