How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dinman JD. Molecular biology: Entry signals control development. Nature 517: 24–25, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiens DA, Snider NO. Repeating deep earthquakes: evidence for fault reactivation at great depth. Science 293: 1463–1466, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosenthal Y, Linsley BK, Oppo DW. Pacific Ocean heat content during the past 10,000 years. Science 342: 617–621, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou Z-H, Wild T, Xiong Y, Sylvers P, Zhang Y, Zhang L, Wahl L, Wahl SM, Kozlowski S, Notkins AL. Polyreactive antibodies plus complement enhance the phagocytosis of cells made apoptotic by UV-light or HIV. Sci Rep 3: 2271, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curry SH, Whelpton R. Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010.
An edited book
Pies I, Koslowski P, editors. Corporate Citizenship and New Governance: The Political Role of Corporations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Lim EHY, Lee RST. iJADE InfoSeeker: On Using Intelligent Context-Aware Agents for Retrieving and Analyzing Chinese Web Articles. In: Computational Intelligence for Agent-based Systems, edited by Lee RST, Loia V. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, p. 127–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew E. “Dead Hearts” Successfully Transplanted For The First Time [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2014. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Preliminary Observations of Potential Air Traffic Control Restructuring Transition Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson KC. Teacher and parent perceptions of classroom experiences of African American male students in a high school alternative program. Pepperdine University: 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Hear Arguments on Internet Pornography Law. New York Times: A18, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)0193-1849
ISSN (online)1522-1555
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Physiology (medical)

Other styles