How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hansson GK. Medicine. LIGHT hits the liver. Science 316: 206–207, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ryan RJH, Bernstein BE. Molecular biology. Genetic events that shape the cancer epigenome. Science 336: 1513–1514, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fashami MS, Atulasimha J, Bandyopadhyay S. Energy dissipation and error probability in fault-tolerant binary switching. Sci Rep 3: 3204, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Parnell J, Boyce AJ, Hurst A, Davidheiser-Kroll B, Ponicka J. Long term geological record of a global deep subsurface microbial habitat in sand injection complexes. Sci Rep 3: 1828, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ji Z-G. Hydrodynamics and Water Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Flores IB, Himma KE, editors. Law, Liberty, and the Rule of Law. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin CY-Y, Edvinsson L. National Intellectual Capital of Four Larger Western European Countries (France, Germany, Ireland, UK). In: National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries, edited by Edvinsson L. New York, NY: Springer, 2011, p. 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew E. Poll Results Show Disparity Between Scientists And American Public On Scientific Issues [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2015. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Opportunity To Reduce Costs Substantially In Acquiring Teletypewriters For Use In The Advanced Record System Communications Network. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guarin Y. A Postpartum Support Group for Women Experiencing Postpartum Depression: A Grant Proposal. California State University, Long Beach: 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Russia Is Persuaded To Alter Statement To Call for Inclusion. New York Times: SP11, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)0193-1849
ISSN (online)1522-1555
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Physiology (medical)

Other styles