How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Shalala DE. Retrospective. Bernadine Healy (1944-2011). Science 333: 1836, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cowan CR, Hyman AA. Centrosomes direct cell polarity independently of microtubule assembly in C. elegans embryos. Nature 431: 92–96, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sorenson MD, Sefc KM, Payne RB. Speciation by host switch in brood parasitic indigobirds. Nature 424: 928–931, 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Saikawa Y, Hashimoto K, Nakata M, Yoshihara M, Nagai K, Ida M, Komiya T. Pigment chemistry: the red sweat of the hippopotamus. Nature 429: 363, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pardoe I. Applied Regression Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
1.
Williams C, editor. Social Work and the City: Urban Themes in 21st-Century Social Work. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Leary R, Thomas J. How Complexity Theory is Changing the Role of Analysis in Law Enforcement and National Security. In: Intelligence Management: Knowledge Driven Frameworks for Combating Terrorism and Organized Crime, edited by Akhgar B, Yates S. London: Springer, 2011, p. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Diesel Cars Emitting More Pollution During Cold Weather [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/diesel-cars-emitting-more-pollution-during-cold-weather/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Project Management Oversight Benefits and Future Funding Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wolfe CJ. Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Northcentral University: 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cowen T, Itzkoff D, Vanderbilt T, Spitznagel E, Hodgman J, Reeves H, Newton M, Kelly J, Hanel M, Brodesser-Akner T, Henig S, Skurnick L, McKELLAR D, Batali M. The One-Page Magazine. New York Times: MM11, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 5, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)0193-1849
ISSN (online)1522-1555
ScopePhysiology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Physiology (medical)

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