How to format your references using the Journal of Social and Economic Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Social and Economic Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kidd T (2009) Neuroscience. Crossing the line. Science 324:893–894
A journal article with 2 authors
Karplus PA, Diederichs K (2012) Linking crystallographic model and data quality. Science 336:1030–1033
A journal article with 3 authors
West SA, Pen I, Griffin AS (2002) Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science 296:72–75
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lecellier C-H, Dunoyer P, Arar K, et al (2005) A cellular microRNA mediates antiviral defense in human cells. Science 308:557–560

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McPhee P (2012) A Companion to the French Revolution. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Pickering S (2008) Counter-Terrorism Policing: Community, Cohesion and Security. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Derrick J, Boiten EA (2014) Calculating Refinements. In: Boiten EA (ed) Refinement in Z and Object-Z: Foundations and Advanced Applications. Springer, London, pp 129–150

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Social and Economic Development.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Alcohol And Love Have Very Similar Effects On The Brain. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/hugs-not-drugs-alcohol-and-love-have-very-similar-effects-brain/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Science: Status of the Hubble Space Telescope Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Niedringhaus B (2012) Best Practice in Early Reading Intervention: Implementing a Reading Intervention Program to Reach Below Level Readers. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ratliff B (2016) Imagine Beckett as a Cranky Songwriter. New York Times AR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kidd 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kidd 2009; Karplus and Diederichs 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karplus and Diederichs 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lecellier et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Social and Economic Development
AbbreviationJ. Soc. Econ. Dev.
ISSN (print)0972-5792
ISSN (online)2199-6873
Scope

Other styles