How to format your references using the Cretaceous Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cretaceous Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNutt, M., 2014. A new look. Science 344, 781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furey, T.S., Sethupathy, P., 2013. Genetics. Genetics driving epigenetics. Science 342, 705–706.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stephens, D.W., McLinn, C.M., Stevens, J.R., 2002. Discounting and reciprocity in an Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma. Science 298, 2216–2218.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Czub, E., Nowak, J.K., Moczko, J., Lisowska, A., Banaszkiewicz, A., Banasiewicz, T., Walkowiak, J., 2014. Comparison of fecal pyruvate kinase isoform M2 and calprotectin in acute diarrhea in hospitalized children. Sci. Rep. 4, 4769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilhus, N.E., Barnes, M.P., Brainin, M., 2010. European Handbook of Neurological Management. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gilbert, B.R. (Ed.), 2015. Ultrasound of the Male Genitalia. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrari, A., 2010. Perceptive Defects, in: Cioni, G. (Ed.), The Spastic Forms of Cerebral Palsy: A Guide to the Assessment of Adaptive Functions. Springer, Milano, pp. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cretaceous Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Evidence Of A Continental Crust On Mars Suggests It Had Tectonic Activity [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Charter Schools: Issues Affecting Access to Federal Funds (No. T-HEHS-97-216). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coar, H., 2010. Using mandalas to support grieving female adolescents: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2017. Student Gains Confidence With Help From an ‘Angel.’ New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNutt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Furey and Sethupathy, 2013; McNutt, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furey and Sethupathy, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Czub et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCretaceous Research
AbbreviationCretac. Res.
ISSN (print)0195-6671

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