How to format your references using the Cretaceous Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cretaceous Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nittler, L.R., 2004. Astronomy. Nuclear fossils in stardust. Science 303, 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M.T.J., Rubinstein, J.L., 2014. Structural biology. Beyond blob-ology. Science 345, 617–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Djuranovic, S., Nahvi, A., Green, R., 2011. A parsimonious model for gene regulation by miRNAs. Science 331, 550–553.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Y., Li, C., Gao, J., Wang, W., Huang, L., Guo, X., Li, B., Wang, J., 2014. Comparative characterization of two intracellular Ca2+-release channels from the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Sci. Rep. 4, 6702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau, E., Adali, T., 2013. Blind Identification and Separation of Complex-Valued Signals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Gruca, D.A., Czachórski, T., Kozielski, S. (Eds.), 2014. Man-Machine Interactions 3, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ussery, D.W., Wassenaar, T.M., Borini, S., 2009. An Overview of Genome Databases, in: Ussery, D.W., Wassenaar, T.M., Borini, S. (Eds.), Computing for Comparative Microbial Genomics: Bioinformatics for Microbiologists, Computational Biology. Springer, London, pp. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cretaceous Research.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Researchers And Politicians Slam The War On Drugs As A Failure [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Federally Funded Math and Science Materials (No. GAO-01-81R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Uzan, E., 2017. Secondary Mathematics Pre-Service Teachers’ Processes of Selection and Integration of Technology (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. Amy Schumer to Make Her Broadway Debut. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nittler, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nittler, 2004; Smith and Rubinstein, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Rubinstein, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCretaceous Research
AbbreviationCretac. Res.
ISSN (print)0195-6671

Other styles