How to format your references using the Cretaceous Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cretaceous Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gehrels, T., 2000. Brains, courage and integrity. Nature 404, 335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bundock, P., Hooykaas, P., 2005. An Arabidopsis hAT-like transposase is essential for plant development. Nature 436, 282–284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bogorad, I.W., Lin, T.-S., Liao, J.C., 2013. Synthetic non-oxidative glycolysis enables complete carbon conservation. Nature 502, 693–697.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xie, C.-L., Wang, W.-W., Zhang, S.-F., Gan, J., Liu, Z.-G., 2014. Continuous dopaminergic stimulation (CDS)-based treatment in Parkinson’s disease patients with motor complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6027.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper, J.D., 2016. Soil Water Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Vilcinskas, A. (Ed.), 2011. Insect Biotechnology, Biologically-Inspired Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chesko, J., Vedvick, T., Reed, S., 2013. Development of Biophysical Assays to Better Understand Adjuvanted Vaccine Formulation Potency and Stability, in: Singh, M. (Ed.), Novel Immune Potentiators and Delivery Technologies for Next Generation Vaccines. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 107–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cretaceous Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Scientists Seek Approval To Genetically Modify Human Embryos [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Biotechnology: The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Biotechnology Research Efforts (No. RCED-86-39BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, A., 2013. An understanding of the first-generation community college student: A strengths and assets approach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, I. by S., 2014. ‘You Can Affect Billions of People.’ New York Times MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gehrels, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bundock and Hooykaas, 2005; Gehrels, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bundock and Hooykaas, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCretaceous Research
AbbreviationCretac. Res.
ISSN (print)0195-6671

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