How to format your references using the Cretaceous Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cretaceous Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2001. Hopes of biotech interest spur Latvian population genetics. Nature 412, 468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranen, M.C., Jacobsen, S.B., 2006. Barium isotopes in chondritic meteorites: implications for planetary reservoir models. Science 314, 809–812.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner, W., Sprekeler, H., Deco, G., 2012. Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science 338, 60–65.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Katano, S., Kim, Y., Hori, M., Trenary, M., Kawai, M., 2007. Reversible control of hydrogenation of a single molecule. Science 316, 1883–1886.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman, E., 2017. Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Park, D.-Y. (Ed.), 2016. Legal Issues on Climate Change and International Trade Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hattori, M., 2008. The C-Terminal Region of Reelin: Structure and Function, in: Fatemi, S.H. (Ed.), Reelin Glycoprotein: Structure, Biology and Roles in Health and Disease. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cretaceous Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Star-Shaped Polymers Developed That Can Kill Superbugs Without Antibiotics [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: U.S. Postal Service Needs to Strengthen System Acquisition and Management Capabilities to Improve Its Intelligent Mail Full Service Program (No. GAO-10-145). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oates, P.E., 2009. Leadership transactions impacting transformation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pendleton, I., 1934. THE HIGHWAY BEAUTIFUL; Private Citizens and State Officials Cooperate to Create Natural Scenery Along Paved Roads. New York Times DRAMA SCREEN MUSIC RADIO FASHIONS ARTX12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2001; Ranen and Jacobsen, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranen and Jacobsen, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Katano et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCretaceous Research
AbbreviationCretac. Res.
ISSN (print)0195-6671

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