How to format your references using the Cretaceous Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cretaceous Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, F.A., 2012. Evolution. Some like it hot. Science 335, 924–925.
A journal article with 2 authors
Georgescu, R.E., O’Donnell, M., 2007. Structural biology. Getting DNA to unwind. Science 317, 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Penner, J.E., Dong, X., Chen, Y., 2004. Observational evidence of a change in radiative forcing due to the indirect aerosol effect. Nature 427, 231–234.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mori, T., Koyama, Y., Maeda, N., Nakamura, Y., Fujishima, Y., Matsuda, K., Funahashi, T., Shimada, S., Shimomura, I., 2014. Ultrastructural localization of adiponectin protein in vasculature of normal and atherosclerotic mice. Sci. Rep. 4, 4895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S.M., 2010. Running an Effective Investor Relations Department. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Herik, H.J. van D., Spronck, P. (Eds.), 2010. Advances in Computer Games: 12th International Conference, ACG 2009, Pamplona Spain, May 11-13, 2009. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bletzinger, K.-U., 2012. Free Shape Optimal Design of Structures, in: Gengnagel, C., Kilian, A., Palz, N., Scheurer, F. (Eds.), Computational Design Modelling: Proceedings of the Design Modelling Symposium Berlin 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cretaceous Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Why Do Only Some People Get ‘Skin Orgasms’ From Listening To Music? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. FCC: Redesignating and Reallocating Frequency Bands and Establishing Rules and Policies for Local Multipoint Distribution Service and Fixed Satellite Services (No. OGC-96-44). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill, J.A., 2012. Classical three-body systems and the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyall, S., 2013. Three Beginnings, Reverse Chronology and A Novel That Starts Over in Every Chapter. New York Times MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Georgescu and O’Donnell, 2007; Smith, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Georgescu and O’Donnell, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mori et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCretaceous Research
AbbreviationCretac. Res.
ISSN (print)0195-6671

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