How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prum, R. O. (2010). Moulting tail feathers in a juvenile oviraptorisaur. Nature 468, E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M. M., and Johanson, Z. (2003). Separate evolutionary origins of teeth from evidence in fossil jawed vertebrates. Science 299, 1235–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, S., Matthews, J., and Sinha, A. (2008). Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O. Science 319, 1657–1660.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bayer, M., Hawrylak, P., Hinzer, K., Fafard, S., Korkusinski, M., Wasilewski, Z. R., et al. (2001). Coupling and entangling of quantum states in quantum dot molecules. Science 291, 451–453.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zonnenshain, A., and Stauber, S. (2015). Managing and Engineering Complex Technological Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cowan, A., and Yosipovitch, G. eds. (2015). Pharmacology of Itch. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baxley, T. P., and Boston, G. H. (2014). “Always Carrying the Load,” in (In)visible Presence: Feminist Counter-Narratives of Young Adult Literature by Women of Color Transgressions., ed. G. H. Boston (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). When Parents Hesitate About Vaccines, What Should Health-Care Providers Say? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). School Lunch Program: Buy American Procedures at Commodity Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bonin, C. (2010). Spatial and temporal characteristics of electromagnetic activity in the brain prior to reaches to visual targets.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2014). Mental Issues Put 34,500 on New York No-Guns List. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prum, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Smith and Johanson, 2003; Prum, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Johanson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bayer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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