How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). CLIMATOLOGY: Does a Climate Clock Get a Noisy Boost? Science 290, 697–698.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauch, W., and Kleidorfer, M. (2014). Water treatment. Replace contamination, not the pipes. Science 345, 734–735.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conroy, C., van Dokkum, P. G., and Choi, J. (2015). Ubiquitous time variability of integrated stellar populations. Nature 527, 488–491.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, Y., Li, Y.-L., Zhou, G.-T., Li, H., Lin, Y.-T., Xiao, X., et al. (2014). Biomineralization mediated by anaerobic methane-consuming cell consortia. Sci. Rep. 4, 5696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini, M., and Toffanin, S. (2016). Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Edenhofer, O., Wallacher, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Reder, M., Knopf, B., and Müller, J. eds. (2012). Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability: Linking Climate and Development Policy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Díaz-Fleischer, F., Piñero, J. C., and Shelly, T. E. (2014). “Interactions Between Tephritid Fruit Fly Physiological State and Stimuli from Baits and Traps: Looking for the Pied Piper of Hamelin to Lure Pestiferous Fruit Flies,” in Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies: Lures, Area-Wide Programs, and Trade Implications, eds. T. Shelly, N. Epsky, E. B. Jang, J. Reyes-Flores, and R. Vargas (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 145–172.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Wonder Material Lets Electricity Flow But Not Heat. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Contract Should Not Be Awarded. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, Y. (2005). Studies on Error Control of 3-D Zerotree Wavelet Video Streaming.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zajac, M. K. (2012). Cara Shepley and Genshi Ezawa. New York Times, ST9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr, 2000; Rauch and Kleidorfer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauch and Kleidorfer, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles