How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Brien, J. L. (2007). Physics. Precision without entanglement. Science 318, 1393–1394.
A journal article with 2 authors
Géléoc, G. S. G., and Holt, J. R. (2014). Sound strategies for hearing restoration. Science 344, 1241062.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melendez, I., Grice, K., and Schwark, L. (2013). Exceptional preservation of Palaeozoic steroids in a diagenetic continuum. Sci. Rep. 3, 2768.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yasuda, S., Townsend, D., Michele, D. E., Favre, E. G., Day, S. M., and Metzger, J. M. (2005). Dystrophic heart failure blocked by membrane sealant poloxamer. Nature 436, 1025–1029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCallum, H. (2008). Population Parameters: Estimation for Ecological Models. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Hvoslef-Eide, A. K., and Preil, W. eds. (2005). Liquid Culture Systems for in vitro Plant Propagation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bobodzhanova, K. (2012). “Food Safety Issues in Tajikistan,” in Strategies for Achieving Food Security in Central Asia NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security., eds. H. Alpas, M. Smith, and A. Kulmyrzaev (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). First Feathers In Amber Matched To A Specific Dinosaur. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Information on State Versus Local Administration of CETA Prime Sponsors in Michigan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens, J. W. (2008). Perception of counselor ethical behavior: A quantitative look at dual relationships in Maine.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017). The Unending Struggle for Gay Rights. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Brien, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (O’Brien, 2007; Géléoc and Holt, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Géléoc and Holt, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yasuda et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endovascular and Interventional Neurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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