How to format your references using the ACS Earth and Space Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beard, C. Paleontology. East of Eden at the Paleocene/Eocene Boundary. Science 2002, 295 (5562), 2028–2029.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burov, E.; Gerya, T. Asymmetric Three-Dimensional Topography over Mantle Plumes. Nature 2014, 513 (7516), 85–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harper, S. M.; Neil, L. C.; Gardner, K. H. Structural Basis of a Phototropin Light Switch. Science 2003, 301 (5639), 1541–1544.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xiang, S.; Cooper-Morgan, A.; Jiao, X.; Kiledjian, M.; Manley, J. L.; Tong, L. Structure and Function of the 5’-->3’ Exoribonuclease Rat1 and Its Activating Partner Rai1. Nature 2009, 458 (7239), 784–788.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, A. W. Economics, Real Estate and the Supply of Land; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Enabling Responsible Living; Schrader, U., Fricke, V., Doyle, D., Thoresen, V. W., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrews, B.; Hopper, C. Short-Time Existence. In The Ricci Flow in Riemannian Geometry: A Complete Proof of the Differentiable 1/4-Pinching Sphere Theorem; Hopper, C., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Mathematics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp 83–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T. 40,000-Year-Old Raven Bone Carving Suggests Neanderthals Were Artists. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Test Facility: Civilian Agency Use of Supercomputers Not Feasible; AIMD-95-28; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baldasaro, R. E. Person Level Analysis in Latent Growth Curve Models. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D.; Kelly, K. Still Civic-Minded, but He’ll Speak for $400,000. New York Times. April 26, 2017, p A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Earth and Space Chemistry
AbbreviationACS Earth Space Chem.
ISSN (online)2472-3452

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