How to format your references using the ACS Earth and Space Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. Powerful Incentives. Nature 2007, 448 (7155), 741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coudreuse, D.; Nurse, P. Driving the Cell Cycle with a Minimal CDK Control Network. Nature 2010, 468 (7327), 1074–1079.
A journal article with 3 authors
Queitsch, C.; Sangster, T. A.; Lindquist, S. Hsp90 as a Capacitor of Phenotypic Variation. Nature 2002, 417 (6889), 618–624.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, X.; Hu, C.; Bai, H.; Yan, Y.; Li, J.; Yang, H.; Lu, X.; Xi, G. Construction of Self-Supported Three-Dimensional TiO2 Sheeted Networks with Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, C. An Introduction to LTE; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
Disorders of Thrombosis and Hemostasis in Pregnancy: A Guide to Management, 2nd ed. 2015.; Cohen, H., O’Brien, P., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Mechler, A. I. Characterization and Analysis of Biomimetic Membranes. In Nanobiotechnology of Biomimetic Membranes; Martin, D. K., Ed.; Fundamental Biomedical Technologies; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2007; pp 89–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Hottest June Ever Recorded Breaks All Kinds Of Awful Climate Change Records (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: Disciplined Processes Needed to Better Manage NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program; GAO-04-118; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kantar, L. Clinical Judgment among New Nursing Graduates: A Multiple-Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. On Coaching Go-Round, It’s Hop On, And Hold On. New York Times. March 31, 2010, p B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Earth and Space Chemistry
AbbreviationACS Earth Space Chem.
ISSN (online)2472-3452

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