How to format your references using the ACS Earth and Space Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tononi, G. Retrospective. Gerald M. Edelman (1929-2014). Science 2014, 344 (6191), 1457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collier, P.; Alles, C. M. Materials Science. Materials Ecology: An Industrial Perspective. Science 2010, 330 (6006), 919–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finkel, T.; Deng, C.-X.; Mostoslavsky, R. Recent Progress in the Biology and Physiology of Sirtuins. Nature 2009, 460 (7255), 587–591.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim, C. H.; Oda, T.; Itoh, M.; Jiang, D.; Artinger, K. B.; Chandrasekharappa, S. C.; Driever, W.; Chitnis, A. B. Repressor Activity of Headless/Tcf3 Is Essential for Vertebrate Head Formation. Nature 2000, 407 (6806), 913–916.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, J. E. Dynamic Economic Decision Making; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Beyzadeoglu, M. Basic Radiation Oncology; Ozyigit, G., Ebruli, C., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakano, T.; Liu, J.-Q. Information Transfer through Calcium Signaling. In Nano-Net: 4th International ICST Conference, Nano-Net 2009, Lucerne, Switzerland, October 18-20, 2009. Proceedings; Schmid, A., Goel, S., Wang, W., Beiu, V., Carrara, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp 29–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. A New Way To Model The Minutes After The Big Bang. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Aeronautics: Protecting Sensitive Technology; NSIAD-93-201; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Machula, M. Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liogier, R. France’s Neither-nor Election. New York Times. April 12, 2017, p 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Earth and Space Chemistry
AbbreviationACS Earth Space Chem.
ISSN (online)2472-3452

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