How to format your references using the ACS Earth and Space Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myers, M. G., Jr. Cell Biology. Moonlighting in Mitochondria. Science 2009, 323 (5915), 723–724.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymond, P. A.; Cole, J. J. Increase in the Export of Alkalinity from North America’s Largest River. Science 2003, 301 (5629), 88–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, H. R.; Blake, R.; Lee, S. H. Dynamics of Travelling Waves in Visual Perception. Nature 2001, 412 (6850), 907–910.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mark, D. F.; Parnell, J.; Kelley, S. P.; Lee, M.; Sherlock, S. C.; Carr, A. Dating of Multistage Fluid Flow in Sandstones. Science 2005, 309 (5743), 2048–2051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fogel, D. B.; Liu, D.; Keller, J. M. Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Leadership in Surgery; Kibbe, M. R., Chen, H., Eds.; Success in Academic Surgery; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, D.; Ma, J.; Wang, X.; Tian, X. Personalized Location Anonymity - A Kernel Density Estimation Approach. In Web-Age Information Management: 17th International Conference, WAIM 2016, Nanchang, China, June 3-5, 2016, Proceedings, Part II; Cui, B., Zhang, N., Xu, J., Lian, X., Liu, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 52–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Earth and Space Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Newly Discovered Planet Has Four Parent Stars (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Better Accountability Procedures Needed in NSF and NIH Research Grant Systems; PAD-81-29; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parsons, A. T. Metal-Catalyzed Annulations of Strained Cycloalkanes. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. The Mayors Slept Here: Gracie Mansion Is Just the Latest. New York Times. May 27, 2001, p 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Earth and Space Chemistry
AbbreviationACS Earth Space Chem.
ISSN (online)2472-3452

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