How to format your references using the Frontiers in Developmental Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Developmental Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bjorn, G. (2008). Dissension in the ranks. Nature 454, 1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petcherski, A. G., and Kimble, J. (2000). LAG-3 is a putative transcriptional activator in the C. elegans Notch pathway. Nature 405, 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, G., Aagaard, B., and Hudnut, K. (2003). Fault interactions and large complex earthquakes in the Los Angeles area. Science 302, 1946–1949.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Han, P., Lavoir, A.-V., Le Bot, J., Amiens-Desneux, E., and Desneux, N. (2014). Nitrogen and water availability to tomato plants triggers bottom-up effects on the leafminer Tuta absoluta. Sci. Rep. 4, 4455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, P. G., and Chan, T. (2011). The Chinese Yuan. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Monteiro, J., and Leuken, R. van eds. (2010). Integrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation: 19th International Workshop, PATMOS 2009, Delft, The Netherlands, September 9-11, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khey, D. N., Stogner, J., and Miller, B. L. (2014). “What Is Being Done About Emerging Drugs?,” in Emerging Trends in Drug Use and Distribution SpringerBriefs in Criminology., eds. J. Stogner and B. L. Miller (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Developmental Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Why Are Some People Selfish? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konzem, S. R. (2017). Tenability and Computability of Generalized Pólya Urns.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016). Famous for Its Past, a Small New Jersey Town Struggles to Define Its Future. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bjorn, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Petcherski and Kimble, 2000; Bjorn, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petcherski and Kimble, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Developmental Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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