How to format your references using the Frontiers in Developmental Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Developmental Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenwood, B. (2004). Between hope and a hard place. Nature 430, 926–927.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore, S. E., and Czimczik, C. I. (2008). Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science 321, 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Euston, D. R., Tatsuno, M., and McNaughton, B. L. (2007). Fast-forward playback of recent memory sequences in prefrontal cortex during sleep. Science 318, 1147–1150.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Montoya, D., Zavala, M. A., Rodríguez, M. A., and Purves, D. W. (2008). Animal versus wind dispersal and the robustness of tree species to deforestation. Science 320, 1502–1504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coenen, T. (2008). Essentials of Corporate Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heij, C. (2007). Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory: Linear Systems, Identification and Control. , eds. A. Ran and F. van Schagen Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Kniesel, G. (2009). “Detection and Resolution of Weaving Interactions,” in Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development V Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Rashid and H. Ossher (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 135–186.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Developmental Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Eclipsing Binary Could Be A Supernova Model. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Bureau of Prisons’ Year 2000 Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delmont, L. O. (2012). Wings pumping, wings stilled.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017). Dudamel Condemns Venezuelan Politics. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenwood, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Greenwood, 2004; Trumbore and Czimczik, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore and Czimczik, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Montoya et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Developmental Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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