How to format your references using the Applied Engineering in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Engineering in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roberts, J. W. (2010). Molecular biology. Syntheses that stay together. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becks, L., Agrawal, A. F. (2010). Higher rates of sex evolve in spatially heterogeneous environments. Nature, 468(7320), 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leman, L., Orgel, L., Ghadiri, M. R. (2004). Carbonyl sulfide-mediated prebiotic formation of peptides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5694), 283–286.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Berset, T., Hoier, E. F., Battu, G., Canevascini, S., Hajnal, A. (2001). Notch inhibition of RAS signaling through MAP kinase phosphatase LIP-1 during C. elegans vulval development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5506), 1055–1058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T. C. (2013). Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Ecosystem Managers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fellows, M., Tan, X., Zhu, B. (Eds.). (2013). Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Third Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2013, Dalian, China, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7924). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Savino, F., Liguori, S. A. (2009). Valutazione dello stato nutrizionale. In M. Marengo & R. Miniero (Eds.), Nutrizione parenterale in pediatria (pp. 49–60). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Engineering in Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 9). This Is What Climate Change Deniers Sound Like To Normal People. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Airline Competition: Passenger Facility Charges Can Provide an Independent Source of Funding for Airport Expansion and Improvement Projects (No. T-RCED-90-99). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, A. P. (2012). Reentry of Substance Abusing Female Ex-Offenders from Prison to an Urban Community (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2012, April 15). Bridal Hunger Games. New York Times, p. ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roberts, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Becks and Agrawal, 2010; Roberts, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becks and Agrawal, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Berset et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Engineering in Agriculture
AbbreviationAppl. Eng. Agric.
ISSN (print)0883-8542
ISSN (online)1943-7838
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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