How to format your references using the Applied Engineering in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Engineering in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N. (2006). Angling saxons. Nature, 441(7096), 931.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurie, B., Doctorow, C. (2012). Computing: secure the internet. Nature, 491(7424), 325–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaramillo, C., Rueda, M. J., Mora, G. (2006). Cenozoic plant diversity in the neotropics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5769), 1893–1896.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Perdomo, D., Baron, B., Rojo-Domínguez, A., Raynal, B., England, P., Guillén, N. (2013). The α-helical regions of KERP1 are important in Entamoeba histolytica adherence to human cells. Scientific Reports, 3, 1171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storey, I. C., Allan, A. (2008). A Guide to Ancient Greek Drama. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Lin, S., Huang, X. (Eds.). (2011). Advanced Research on Computer Education, Simulation and Modeling: International Conference, CESM 2011, Wuhan, China, June 18-19, 2011. Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 175). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sevian, H., Stains, M. (2013). Implicit Assumptions and Progress Variables in a Learning Progression About Structure and Motion of Matter. In G. Tsaparlis & H. Sevian (Eds.), Concepts of Matter in Science Education (pp. 69–94). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Engineering in Agriculture.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, February 9). NASA Reveals Proposal To Launch Europa Lander In 2024 And Search For Life. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Tongass Timber Reform Act: Implementation of the Act’s Contract Modification Requirements (No. RCED-95-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogni de Tolentino, M. G. (2010). Challenges and successes of monolingual Spanish-speaking foster parents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2006, November 1). An Opera Is Updated, and a Diva Is Displeased. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Laurie and Doctorow, 2012; Stafford, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laurie and Doctorow, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Perdomo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Engineering in Agriculture
AbbreviationAppl. Eng. Agric.
ISSN (print)0883-8542
ISSN (online)1943-7838
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles