How to format your references using the Applied Engineering in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Engineering in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2007). When the party’s over. Nature, 445(7123), 13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kreft, H., Jetz, W. (2013). Comment on “An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6144), 343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richland, L. E., Zur, O., Holyoak, K. J. (2007). Mathematics. Cognitive supports for analogies in the mathematics classroom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5828), 1128–1129.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Oberauner, L., Zachow, C., Lackner, S., Högenauer, C., Smolle, K.-H., Berg, G. (2013). The ignored diversity: complex bacterial communities in intensive care units revealed by 16S pyrosequencing. Scientific Reports, 3, 1413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, D. (2012). Trading ETFs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Balakrishnan, R. (2012). A Textbook of Graph Theory. (K. Ranganathan, Ed.) (2nd ed. 2012). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aladin, N., Micklin, P., Plotnikov, I. (2008). Biodiversity Of The Aral Sea And Its Importance To The Possible Ways Of Rehabilitating And Conserving Its Remnant Water Bodies. In J. Qi & K. T. Evered (Eds.), Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts (pp. 73–98). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Engineering in Agriculture.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, July 12). Here’s How To Get “Pokémon Go” In The UK On IPhone And Android — Even Though It’s Not Out Here Yet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Vocational Education: Opportunity to Prepare for the Future (No. T-HRD-89-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freund, S. H. (2013). The Relationship of Academic Courses to Skills Required Of Automobile Repair Technicians (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010, July 25). King of Shish Kabob (With Mother-in-Law’s Help). New York Times, p. NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kreft and Jetz, 2013; Wadman, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kreft and Jetz, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Oberauner et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Engineering in Agriculture
AbbreviationAppl. Eng. Agric.
ISSN (print)0883-8542
ISSN (online)1943-7838
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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