How to format your references using the Applied Engineering in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Engineering in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thulborn, T. (2003). Comment on “Ascent of dinosaurs linked to an iridium anomaly at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5630), 169; author reply 169.
A journal article with 2 authors
Al Khawaja, U., Stoof, H. (2001). Skyrmions in a ferromagnetic Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature, 411(6840), 918–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rössler, U. K., Bogdanov, A. N., Pfleiderer, C. (2006). Spontaneous skyrmion ground states in magnetic metals. Nature, 442(7104), 797–801.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Di Martino, D., Beverina, L., Sassi, M., Brovelli, S., Tubino, R., Meinardi, F. (2014). Straightforward fabrication of stable white LEDs by embedding of inorganic UV-LEDs into bulk polymerized polymethyl-methacrylate doped with organic dyes. Scientific Reports, 4, 4400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ansons, A. M., Davis, H. (2008). Diagnosis and Management of Ocular Motility Disorders. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Mitra, A. P., Sharma, C. (Eds.). (2010). Global Environmental Changes in South Asia: A Regional Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Salvadori, P. A. (2013). I radiofarmaci e la farmacopea. In G. Lucignani (Ed.), Sperimentazione e registrazione dei radiofarmaci: Normative e procedure (pp. 47–55). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Engineering in Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 30). Volunteer Discovers 70,000-Year-Old-Mammoth In Idaho Reservoir. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: National Credit Union Administration’s Efforts to Ensure Credit Union Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant (No. T-AIMD-98-20). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, C. S. (2012). Movin’ Around (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
CHARKES; Mary Jo, J., Reporting, L. S. C. (2009, April 26). A Spring Surprise: Openings in Preschools. New York Times, p. WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thulborn, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Al Khawaja and Stoof, 2001; Thulborn, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Al Khawaja and Stoof, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Di Martino et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Engineering in Agriculture
AbbreviationAppl. Eng. Agric.
ISSN (print)0883-8542
ISSN (online)1943-7838
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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