How to format your references using the Applied Engineering in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Engineering in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murphy, D. M. (2005). Atmospheric science. Something in the air. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5717), 1888–1890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosaka, Y., Xie, S.-P. (2013). Recent global-warming hiatus tied to equatorial Pacific surface cooling. Nature, 501(7467), 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, T.-T., Tseng, S. C., Lavker, R. M. (2010). Location of corneal epithelial stem cells. Nature, 463(7284), E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Martins, F., Faniel, S., Rosenow, B., Sellier, H., Huant, S., Pala, M. G., … Hackens, B. (2013). Coherent tunnelling across a quantum point contact in the quantum Hall regime. Scientific Reports, 3, 1416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, H.-G., Moreau, N., Sikora, T. (2006). MPEG-7 Audio and Beyond. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Quesada, J. F., Martín Mateos, F.-J., Lopez-Soto, T. (Eds.). (2016). Future and Emergent Trends in Language Technology: First International Workshop, FETLT 2015, Seville, Spain, November 19-20, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 9577). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Henson, M. C. (2010). Applications and Methodology of νZ. In P. Boca, J. P. Bowen, & J. Siddiqi (Eds.), Formal Methods: State of the Art and New Directions (pp. 117–145). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Engineering in Agriculture.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 13). Brazilian Peppertree Helps Fight Off Antibiotic-Resistant Superbugs. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). The Department of Education’s Actions To Collect Defaulted Student Loans (No. 127222). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke, K. (2012). Big Five personality traits and astrology: The relationship between the Moon variable and the NEO PI-R (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (1998, September 20). Hyperion Using World’s Largest Mainsail. New York Times, p. 814.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murphy, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kosaka and Xie, 2013; Murphy, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kosaka and Xie, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Martins et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Engineering in Agriculture
AbbreviationAppl. Eng. Agric.
ISSN (print)0883-8542
ISSN (online)1943-7838
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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