How to format your references using the Plant Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bertola F. Astronomy. Putting galaxies on the scale. Science. 2002;295:283–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stellwagen D, Malenka RC. Synaptic scaling mediated by glial TNF-alpha. Nature. 2006;440:1054–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hathaway DH, Upton L, Colegrove O. Giant convection cells found on the Sun. Science. 2013;342:1217–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bernard A, Lécuyer C, Vincent P, Amiot R, Bardet N, Buffetaut E, et al. Regulation of body temperature by some Mesozoic marine reptiles. Science. 2010;328:1379–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kulkarni S, Harman G. An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Sharma D. Biosurfactants of Lactic Acid Bacteria. 1st ed. 2016. Saharan BS, Kapil S, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Helke G, Lubitz K. Piezoelectric PZT Ceramics. In: Lubitz K, Wersing W, editors. Piezoelectricity: Evolution and Future of a Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 89–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Methods.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Neglect In Childhood Leaves Marks On Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOT Airline Industry Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Apr. Report No.: T-RCED-88-36.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jones DM. Educational paradigm shift: Emergence of the virtual classroom [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Workout Not Required. New York Times. 2016 Nov 10;F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Methods
AbbreviationPlant Methods
ISSN (online)1746-4811
ScopePlant Science
Biotechnology
Genetics

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