How to format your references using the Plant Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mitchell WJ. Beyond the ivory tower. Constructing complexity in the digital age. Science. 2004;303:1472–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Xie J, Black DL. A CaMK IV responsive RNA element mediates depolarization-induced alternative splicing of ion channels. Nature. 2001;410:936–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Brengues M, Teixeira D, Parker R. Movement of eukaryotic mRNAs between polysomes and cytoplasmic processing bodies. Science. 2005;310:486–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Stevens J, Blixt O, Tumpey TM, Taubenberger JK, Paulson JC, Wilson IA. Structure and receptor specificity of the hemagglutinin from an H5N1 influenza virus. Science. 2006;312:404–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Angueira P, Romo JA. Microwave Line of Sight Link Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Klusch M, Rovatsos M, Payne TR, editors. Cooperative Information Agents X: 10th International Workshop, CIA 2006 Edinburgh, UK, September 11-13, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Welsch GH, Hennig FF, Mauerer A. Clinical Application of Biochemical Imaging of Cartilage. In: Kim Y-J, Mamisch TC, editors. Hip Magnetic Resonance Imaging. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Methods.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. New Early Warning System Can Predict Tornadoes 30 Minutes Before They Hit The Ground [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/new-early-warning-system-can-predict-tornadoes-30-minutes-before-they-hit-the-ground/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: RCED-93-155.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sitterding MC. Situation awareness and the selection of interruption handling strategies during the medication administration process: A qualitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly K, Hubbard B. As Saudis Open Up, Investors Tiptoe In. New York Times. 2017 Oct 27;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Methods
AbbreviationPlant Methods
ISSN (online)1746-4811
ScopePlant Science
Biotechnology
Genetics

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