How to format your references using the Medical Humanities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Humanities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Smaglik P. ‘Quiet revolution’ in chemistry could revive public and private sectors. Nature 2000;406:807–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Peng L, Mortensen NA. Plasmonic-cavity model for radiating nano-rod antennas. Sci Rep 2014;4:3825.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Shin C, Feng Y, Manley JL. Dephosphorylated SRp38 acts as a splicing repressor in response to heat shock. Nature 2004;427:553–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Del Fresno C, Saz-Leal P, Enamorado M, et al. DNGR-1 in dendritic cells limits tissue damage by dampening neutrophil recruitment. Science 2018;362:351–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Lacalle D. Life in the Financial Markets. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
1
Stuckey PJ, editor. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming: 14th International Conference, CP 2008, Sydney, Australia, September 14-18, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Rosin PL, Žunić J. Measuring Convexity via Convex Polygons. In: Huang F, Sugimoto A, eds. Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2015 Workshops: RV 2015, GPID 2013, VG 2015, EO4AS 2015, MCBMIIA 2015, and VSWS 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, November 23-27, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016. 38–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Humanities.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. Twelve Year Old Discovers New Spider Genus. IFLScience. 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Freight Railroads: Preliminary Observations on Rates, Competition, and Capacity Issues. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Seegmiller Renner A. Empathy Development Through Role Modeling: A Qualitative Study of Instructor Experiences. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Crow K. Singed From the Attack, Trees Find a Safer Home. New York Times. 2001;:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Humanities
AbbreviationMed. Humanit.
ISSN (print)1468-215X
ISSN (online)1473-4265
ScopePhilosophy
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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